Updated April 8, 2023
Overview of Testing Framework for Java
A framework describes a set of principles or guidelines that we can follow to accomplish the required outcomes in a systematic manner. The JAVA / J2EE apps and server elements can be tested in numerous ways, and testing frameworks are available. Many are intended for a unit or functional testing, while others are used for particular Java kinds of parts like viewing, logic, and validation. The benefit of using Testing Frameworks is that it increases testing speed and improves efficiency, and maintains accuracy throughout the process. It not only reduces the risks but also reduces the cost of test maintenance. Here in this article, we are going to see Testing Frameworks available for Java.
List of Testing Frameworks for Java
Below is the list of Java testing frameworks.
JUnit is the Java Open Source Framework for Testing Units. Unit Testing is utilized in a path, function, or method to test a small amount of code. Developers who follow the test-driven approach must first write and run the unit test before any code. Once the code is completed, all tests should be executed and passed. Whenever any code has been added, all test scenarios must be re-executed and make sure that everything is fine because of faster coding, the quality, and speed of execution for developing increases.
This is a Unit Testing Frame-Work which was specifically Designed For the Java-Script. Testers familiar with unit test frameworks like Screw-Unit, JSSpect and JSpeci spin rapidly on Jasmine because it is strongly linked. Jasmine is particularly helpful for methodologies of behavior-driven development. Jasmine is most popular for testing applications for AngularJS.
It is the form of testing that gives company users a transparent description of acceptance testing. JBehave is another Java testing framework, used mostly with Selenium WebDriver for Java testing. The main goal behind the launch of JBehave is to allow newcomers to know and learn about BDD quickly. It is a design philosophy that makes an application’s test stage more comprehensive.
This is an open-source library designed for behavior-Driven testing. The framework allows you to write well-structured and preserved acceptance requirements. It expands the JUnit and WebDriver features. It was previously called Thucydides. It was nothing but the trouble in pronunciation that’s the main reason to change the name. Still, it is possible to use the ancient name while referring.
Selenium is an automated free (open source) internet application testing package for various browsers and platforms. The only way Selenium focuses on the automation of web-based apps is very comparable to HP Quick Test Pro (QTP now UFT). When Testing is done by using the selenium tool, then we call Selenium testing. Selenium is not a tool but a software suite to meet an organization’s various testing requirements.
The main advantage of Selenium over other testing tools is as it is open-source; hence licensing cost is not involved. It is platform-independent; hence it supports Operating Systems such as Windows, Mac or Linux, etc. To manage test cases and generating reports, we can integrate Selenium with tools like JUnit, TestNG. It can be integrated with other Java tools Such as Maven, Docker, and Jenkins for achieving Continuous Testing. Test results can be completed with browsers such as Safari, Mozilla, Google, etc.
It is a Java-inspired open-source automation testing framework. TestNG is much more Powerful in Testing. The Word NG stands for the next generation in TestNG. This framework is designed to improve integration performance. You can generate an HTML report during test execution. The testing is much easier to perform just by requesting the framework to perform database tests or front end tests.
QUnit is perhaps the most common Tool for JQuery testing because it is easy and simple to understand. It doesn’t have any jQuery dependence but supports all of the jQuery 1.x browsers, including IE, Chrome, Firefox, Opera and Safari.
Cucumber is another powerful testing framework for Java. Its specification capabilities make it different from another framework. Cucumber merges both specifications and documentation to make one final documentation. Cucumber automatically tested that final documentation; hence specifications will automatically get updated.
REST Assured simplifies the testing and validation of REST APIs and is influenced by testing techniques used in dynamic languages such as Ruby, Groovy, etc. Validating and testing REST services are quite complicated In java. REST Assured Solves this problem; with this framework validating and testing REST services can be carried out easily. Library of REST Assured supports HTTP.
It is an open-source Java testing framework. In Java, it is widely used for unit testing. The advantage of using this java framework is there are no needs to create mock objects; it automatically creates them. It creates a mock using annotations. It is used to write behavioural style development tests with syntactic sugar. Syntactic Sugar is a syntax that lies in programming languages which helps in easy reading and understanding of the programs.
Java developers have a big amount of testing techniques and frameworks available, from which we addressed the most common and practical cases briefly. These methods are used to automate testing from creation to deployment across the software entire life cycle. This article may help in choosing the required testing framework based on your requirement, speed of execution, and accuracy.
This has been a guide to Testing Frameworks for Java. Here we discussed what Testing Framework and the list of Java Testing Frameworks is. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –