Introduction to HTML
One can’t imagine the webpages and world wide web without HTML. Html is the language which is used widely to write web pages. It stands for Hyper-Text Markup Language. Any link which is available on webpages is generally called as Hypertext and mark-up refers as a tag or page’s structure such that listed documents in webpages could be seen in a structured format. The intent to develop HTML was to understand the structure of any documents which is heading, body, inner contents or paragraphs. So, basically, HTML provides a structural format to display the contents of webpages. It is very simple and easy to understand. In the early nineties, it was developed by Tim Berners –Lee and later went through many changes and moderation. Html5 is the latest Html version. The basic HTML code excerpt is shown as:
Main Components of HTML
After learning about the Introduction to Html. Now we are going to study about Main components of Html:
It is already said that HTML is a markup language which can use multiple tags to format the content. All of the tags are enclosed within the angular braces <tagname>. Except for a few tags, most of the tags start with angular braces and closed with corresponding angular braces.
<!DocType Html> defines the document type and version of the Html. Html code start just after <html> angular tag and ends with </html> which could be seen from above screenshot.
It has generally 2 major sections which are head and body. Each section has its own pertained elements and requirements.
Head tag represents the web document’s header which can accommodate the <title> and <link> tags inside. It starts with <head> and ends with </head>. It has title components inside.
Every document has at least one title. From the above screenshot, one can see that the title section is started with <title> and ends with </title> and in between put the name of the title of a document as per choice. From above it is understood that each time one needs to open the angular braces and close the angular braces and in middle put the title name. This angular-opening and closing are applied almost for all tags in html.
This section represents the web document’s body which usually contains headings, text, paragraphs.
Headings starts with <heading> and ends with </heading>. In between these tags, contents could be written such as “this is first heading”.
Paragraph would start with <p> and ends with </p>. The content of the paragraph should be written within these angular braces.
The basic Html code shown in the overview part is used to build a simple Html page. When this html code is opened in the browser so it looks like as shown below:
Even though multiple languages and components are available to develop the web pages but still Html is most preferred and simple to develop the webpage.
Characteristics of HTML
As we have studied about the Introduction to the HTML and its component. Now we are going to discuss some of the characteristics:
- Html is the simplest language which can be easily understood and modified.
- It gives the flexibility to design the web pages so that structured display can be possible for all listed documents in the web pages.
- Formatting tags could be used for effective presentations in the web portal and it could possibly because of HTML.
- Multiple links can be added to the web page so that the user can easily redirect to other pages using listed links.
- The most important part for HTML is, it can be displayed in Macintosh, Windows, and Linux and support all environments. Html is platform independent.
- For an attractive look for our web pages, Sounds, Graphics and videos can also be added in HTML.
Applications of HTML
After learning about the Introduction of HTML with characteristics, now we are going to discuss the applications of the HTML. Wherever the web exists then it’s because of HTML. The application of HTML is disseminated across all electronics devices.
- Browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari all use HTML to serve the web contents for better display.
- Different mobile browsers like Opera, Firefox focus, Microsoft edge, dolphin, puffin, all are using HTML for better presentation and visibility of internet contents in mobile.
- Different smart devices are embedded with HTML function for better browsing and navigation during their operation.
- Html supports primary authentication channel mechanism to any of the webpages so that unwanted traffic could be stopped.
- Html accommodate the large content but gives the same visibility for small screen devices and large screen devices.
Advantages of HTML
As we have studied about the Introduction of the HTML with component, and characteristics. Here we are going to discuss some advantages:
- Html is a platform Independent.
- It is widely and globally accepted.
- Every browser supports HTML.
- It is easy to learn, use and modify.
- It is by default available in all of the browsers so no need to purchase and install.
- Html is very useful for beginners in web designing field.
- It supports a wide range of colors, formats, and layouts.
- It uses the templates which makes the website design easier.
- Html and XML syntax are very similar so It is easy to work between these two platforms.
- FrontPage, Dreamweaver and multiple development tools support HTML.
- Html is the most search engine friendly.
Disadvantages of HTML
As we have studied about the Advantages of an HTML. Here we are going to discuss some of the Disadvantages:
- Html is used to create only plain or static pages. If one wants dynamic pages then HTML is not useful. So, Html cannot use for dynamic output.
- Sometimes, structuring of HTML is very difficult to grasp.
- Multiple lines of code are required to make a simple website.
- If one need to write multiple lines of code for simpler things, then it increases the complexity and takes more time.
- Its error is costly because one small typo error could lead to non-functioning of webpages.
- Html can be used for first authentication step in the web but it’s not robust. So, Security features are not good in Html and it provides only limited security.
- To better presentation of web pages along with Html, other languages like CSS needs to be learned.
This has been a guide on Introduction to HTML. Here we have discussed the components, application, advantage, and disadvantage of the HTML. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –