Differences Between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
Question-related to Raspberry Pi vs Arduino is something which always gives a good enough trouble to the board making industry. Hobbyists, students, and professionals have a wide variety to choose from when it comes about choosing the right board which well suits their needs. In this Raspberry Pi vs Arduino article, we will try to help you out with the board that is best for you.
Raspberry Pi was developed by Raspberry foundation in the UK which is a series of small single board based computers. Its primary use was to develop an understanding among students related to computer science and its technologies, especially to those belonging to developing countries. The original model became popular as it also got started to be used in Robotics and gained an exponential popularity. Most Pis are created in Sony Factory in Wales but some are made in Japan and China too.
Arduino, on the other hand, is an open source computer software and hardware company, user communities and projects that manufactures and designs single-board microcontroller kits of interactive objects and building digital devices. These kits are used to control and sense the objects of the real physical and digital world. Arduino boards are available in the form of DIY(Do-It-Yourself) kits or commercially in preassembled form.
A Raspberry Pi is a mini- general purpose computer which usually comes up with a Linux based operating system and it has the ability to multitask. It is believed to be more complicated than Arduino. It is used when your requirements are that of a full-fledged computer as it can drive a more complicated robot, capable of performing tasks simultaneously. It can be used for doing intensive calculative and mathematical operations such as for Bitcoin or encryption technologies.
An Arduino is primarily a microcontroller motherboard which is a simple computer handling only one program at a time, repeatedly. It is quite very simple and easy to use. The repetitive tasks such as opening or closing of a garage door, noting the external temperature and reporting the data to some tool or a website, driven by a simple robot can be made possible with Arduino.
Some most common examples which can help in better explaining the difference between Raspberry Pi and Arduino is let’s suppose, I am interested in monitoring the way my plants behave and then send me periodic requests whenever they are thirsty after they ensure, according to the National Weather Service, there is no rain planned, then the irrigation system should automatically be turned on otherwise the plants should wait for the downpour. This case can be best handled by Raspberry Pi. My requirement, for example, is not very complicated. I just want my plants to notify me whenever they need water. In this case, Arduino is your choice to go.
Let us understand the difference between Raspberry Pi and Arduino in detail.
Head to Head comparison between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
Below is the Top 10 Comparisons Between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
Key Differences Between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
Below are the lists of points, describe the key Differences Between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
- Raspberry’s advantage includes easy connection with the internet, a complete support from Linux community is available and the choice of programming language can be huge whereas in case of Arduino the advantages is that it is easy to get started with, can be used for building real-time applications based on both hardware and software, a deep programming knowledge is not required and is easy to extend and have a huge libraries and shield sets by the users.
- The disadvantages of Raspberry include no support for real-time hardware, the interfacing can be delayed if CPU is busy, inductive loads cannot be driven, analog to Digital converter is not available and hardware design is not open source whereas the disadvantages for Arduino include that the languages to be used are just Arduino or C or C++ which are difficult to code in, it is not enough powerful tool when brought to a comparison with Raspberry Pi and connecting with the internet is quite difficult
- If your project is hardware oriented Arduino is the way to go as it has a low power, it costs less, the analog and digital pins enhance the connectivity process but if yours is more of a software project, the Raspberry Pi should be the ideal choice as audio, internet-based and video capabilities are way better supported in this.
Comparison Table Between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
Following is the comparison table between Raspberry PI vs Arduino
|The basis of comparison between Raspberry PI vs Arduino||Raspberry PI||Arduino|
|Definition||A mini-computer with its own Raspberry OS capable of handling multiple programs at a time.||It is a microcontroller which is just a normal part of the computer. It can be used to run a single program code again and again.|
|Battery support||It is quite difficult to power Raspberry Pi using a battery Pack||Arduino can be powered with a battery pack easily|
|Complexity||Requires complex tasks such as an installation of libraries and software for sensor interface and managing other components||Simple interface sensors and other components.
It is not that complex
|Cost||It is quite expensive||Available at a lower cost|
|Connectivity Support||It can be easily connected with the internet by making use of Ethernet port and Wi-Fi dongles||It requires integration of external hardware to establish the connection with the internet. This hardware is handled properly using the code.|
|Onboard storage||It doesn’t have an onboard storage facility in place, it rather depends upon the SD card based storage||It provides the onboard storage|
|Number of USB ports||It has 4 USB ports for establishing a connection with different devices||It has just 1 USB port to connect with the computer|
|Processor Family||The processor used in Raspberry Pi is from ARM family||Processor used for Arduino is from AVR family|
|Device property||Needs to get a proper shutdown else there is a persistent risk of software problems and files corruption||It is just a plug and play device. It is simple in the fact that it will continue to run as long as the power is connected and gets disconnected as soon as the power is off.|
|Languages supported||The recommended language for this board is Python but C, C++, and ruby are also preinstalled||It makes use of its own language Arduino and C or C++.|
Conclusion – Raspberry PI vs Arduino
This is still not the thumb rule when it comes to choosing the right thing. Know your requirement, your business well before you invest and plan your future among any of the above-mentioned technology. I hope you have liked this Raspberry PI vs Arduino post. Stay tuned to our blog for more posts like these.
This has a been a guide to the top differences between Raspberry PI vs Arduino. Here we also discuss the Raspberry PI vs Arduino key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –