Overview of Java Tools
Java is an object-oriented programming language that a developer uses to develop applications, websites, etc. It is a platform-independent language, i.e. it can run on any platform machine; there is no restriction. A portable feature of java enables an application written in Java language to run on any platform. There are multiple Java Tools available that developers use to develop the application. Here in this article, we are going to discuss those tools.
Below are some of the tools of java used by developers –
1. Java Development Kit
JDK is a tool for writing applications and Java Applets. The Java Development Kit includes the Runtime Environment for Java, Java, and Java APIs. It involves tools for Java application development, debugging, and tracking. Almost all new and experienced programmers can easily get started. The JDK involves a personal JVM and a few other resources to complete a Java application construction.
Features of the Java Development Kit (JDK):
- In the switch expression, there is a string.
- In Numeric Literals, there is an underscore between digits liberals.
- Provide support in one single catch block to manage several exceptions.
- In Generic object instantiation, there is an automatic type infusion.
NetBeans is an open-source java tool used to develop applications like web, mobile, desktop. NetBeans IDE is known as the official IDE for Java 8 version.
Features of NetBeans:
- Supports all the new java technologies.
- It provides syntax, similar words, indexes, matching words, automatic suggestions so that writing wrong Syntax or coding can be avoided.
- It can be installed on any machine which supports java.
- It manages all the files and folders efficiently to understand the structure of the project easily.
- It provides a GUI interface, so coding becomes easy; it simply creates code by dragging and dropping objects.
- It provides tools for finding bugs, i.e. errors, and fixing them.
3. IntelliJ Idea
IntelliJ IDEA is a multifunctional IDE that focuses on the development of Java. It provides strong assistance for the growth of web, mobile and hybrid applications. IntelliJ Idea is called ‘ the smartest Java IDE, ‘ which goes around.
Features of IntelliJ Idea:
- The code between all project databases and languages is analyzed.
- It lists the most appropriate symbols in the present context.
- Find double fragments of code on the fly.
- It can be used readily by users using static techniques or constants.
Spark is a robust web application development framework based on Java. It allows developers to build internet apps without boilerplate code writing. Spark is running on Hadoop, Apache Mesos, Cubans, standalone and in the cloud. Different data sources may be available. Spark provides more than 80 operators that make parallel applications simple to construct.
Features of Spark:
- Spark has the ability to supports several languages.
- It includes interactive/declarative query instruments, information streaming, machine learning.
- Active, gradual and expanding community.
- Spark can not only work separately, but it can also work on Hadoop.
- In RAM, Server sparks store the information, enabling quick access and in turn speeding up analysis speeds.
Eclipse is an integrated Java-free open-source development framework. Eclipse offers much-needed help to complete code, refactor and check syntax. It provides new features, many models of tools, java testing techniques and frameworks for growth. It also provides a variety of tool plugins for developing various Java apps called the Java Development Tools Project (JDT).
Features of Eclipse:
- JUnit integration is simple and seamless
- Provide total reports in detail
- You can also easily adapt it. Automated error reporting server in combination with the Ctrlflow.
- It allows developers to mix language support for C / C++ and PHP IDE, for example.
Features of Gradle:
- Better dependency modeling with the Java Library plugin decreases the volume of the classpath compile.
- Gradle Wrapper allows Gradle to be performed on computers that are not assembled.
- Its intelligent classpath helps prevent the need to build when a library’s binary interface has not changed.
7. Java decompiler
Java Decompiler is a Java freeware tool that reconstructs the CLASS Java source code. You can decompile java applets, JAR and ZIP files to make Java source code precise. You are able to use java decompiler to view predefined Java class data such as HashMap, HashSet, ArrayList, etc.
Features of java DeCompiler:
- javaDeCompiler tools support drag and drop options.
- In Java, decompiler source code shows the color-coding
- It works for almost all versions of java
JUnit is a testing tool used for java programming. It is an open-source i.t; it is free.
Features of JUnit:
- With the help of this tool, writing and running, test script becomes easy
- It is Used to load the database with a specific set of data.
- To identify different types of test methods and run test cases efficiently, it provides annotations.
- It allows faster coding so that the quality and speed of development increase.
- It is used to Prepare different objects and set of inputs.
9. Apache JMeter
The Apache JMeterTM is completely open-source Java software, first created by the Apache Software Foundation’s Stefano Mazzocchi to load functional behavior testing and performance measurement. Originally, JMeter was used to test Web Applications or FTP. Now, JMeter is currently used for functional testing, database server testing, etc.
Features of Apache JMeter:
- JMeter allows different server types to perform load and performance testing.
- This tool stores its test plans in XML format, allowing users to make the test plan using a text editor.
- The tool is also used to test the apps automatically as well as functionally.
- Plugins for data analysis and visualization allow extensibility and customization.
- Functions should provide dynamic input for information manipulation testing.
Groovy is a powerful object-oriented language for the Java platform. The primary goal of this Groovy is to increase the production speed of developers. It runs on JVM, i.e. Java Virtual Machine.
Features of Groovy:
- It highlights syntax and error automatically, like NetBeans, which helps to avoid mistakes in programming.
- It can integrate with java or any third party libraries
- Groovy supports AST transformation
- It supports static as well as dynamic typing.
- It automatically generates getters and setters.
11. Oracle JDeveloper
Oracle JDeveloper is an open-source Integrated development environment for Java. It allows a user to develop reliable services with the Java platform.
Features of Oracle JDeveloper:
- Oracle JDeveloper provides drag and drops options, and that is simply dragging and dropping function to IDE create an application; there is no need to manually typing code.
- Used for developing web and mobile-based applications.
- It supports Database management.
The Java Runtime Analyse Toolkit is an open-source performance profiler for the Java platform, which is low overhead, straightforward to use.JRat controls the execution of an application and continues to measure efficiency. Use the JRat Desktop, a swing application, to view and analyze this information.
Features of JRat:
- Easily we can transfer the file from one location to any other computer.
- JRat allows the remote View.
- For Redirection, JRat provides Supports to Websites.
- JRat allows system files to be modified
- It helps users to manage their systems
- Taking screenshots helps the administrator to maintain a record of problems on the desktop of the client.
Mockito is a Java Mocking Open Source and Testing Tool. Mockito is a famous Java mocking framework for open source. It helps developers to write code that is clean, excellently designed and closely linked. The tests are very readable, and they generate smooth check mistakes.
Features of Mockito:
- The Mockito tool is easy to use than any other tool.
- It provides a syntax that is easy to read. It also offers some necessary annotations to reduce the boilerplate code.
- It can be used to write behavioral style development tests with syntactic sugar.
Clover is a java tool from Unit test; it generates the code coverage reports. With Clover, you can close the code that can prove to be the most difficult and ensure that your test focuses on the code. It is available in Ant, Eclipse, and Maven as a plugin. It can also be used for the collection of integration test coverage information. Much of that is provided by continually updated and released fresh characteristics and improvements.
Features of Clover:
- This is an open-source tool and freely use in java.
- Very simple to use due to the byte code on the fly
- Inline annotation allows emphasizing the coverage of statements visually
- Test optimization makes running the test suite painless before check-in
A standard cache that increases your performance, downloads your database, and simplifies scalability is an open-source cache. The Java-based cache is most frequently used because it is flexible, well-proven, comprehensive and integrated into other common libraries and frameworks. Scaling Ehcache from in-process caching to combined deployments in-process / out-of-process with terabyte caches.
Features of Ehcache:
- To use Ehcache, we need Java 8+
- Ehcache API is very simple, and because of that, we can use it easily.
- It can be Scalable up to hundreds of caches.
- Allows integration with Javax cache boxes Spring Caching and Hibernate
- Ehcache is committed to maintaining its applications as light as possible
VisualVM is a visual tool used to integrate JDK tools on the command line. It provides lightweight capabilities for profiling. We can use this in both production and development time.
Features of VisualVm:
- It shows Java processes both local and remote
- Performance and memory monitoring process
- Performance profile and use of memory
- You can read fundamental Java process data
FindBugs is a static analysis Java open-source project.Java bytecode is scanned to detect prospective bugs. It allows the developer to access all kinds of bug at an early stage of growth.
Features of FindBugs:
- It can accurately identify bug patterns.
- It supports the library of Guava and recognizes several prevalent patterns of abuse.
- Support for identification of JSR-305 annotations detected.
This has been a guide to Java tools. Here we have discussed the different tools you can choose by comparing them based on requirements, ease of use, execution speed, efficiency, etc. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –