Overview of Types of Cyber Security
Types of Cyber Security are nothing but the techniques used to prevent the stolen or assaulted data. It needs knowledge of possible threats to data, such as viruses and other malicious code. We all have been using computers and all types of handheld devices daily. All of these devices provide us with a lot of ease in using online services. These online services are made available to make the life of the end-users or people like us a lot easier.
Some of these services which are made available to us are:
- Internet Banking
- Online Shopping
- Ticket Booking, etc.
Types of Cyber Attacks
Below are the different types of cyber attacks:
All of the best possible technology is made easily available at our fingertips, but all using online services has some drawbacks too. We all have certainly heard about this, cyber-crime, but do we know how does it affect us and attack us? Cyber-crime is an organized computer-oriented crime that can affect people using devices on a network. To define Cyber-crime, it is a crime committed with the help of computers and networks. It includes, hacking, phishing and spamming. These types of crimes are committed by people called Cybercriminals. These people have a set of mentality which to destroy what is good.
There can be three main motives behind cyber-crimes, viz:
- Monetary Benefit: These types of criminals try to hack into the user’s personal or corporate bank details so as to gain monetary benefits out of it. These criminals can create fake ID’s and websites, or even send emails asking personal information to the users. They also may create fake accounts where the use of money is transferred.
- Information: Some of the cybercriminals will try to steal some confidential information that can be sold online marketing sites, or even to some other competitor companies or use it for personal benefits.
- Acknowledgment: Some of them also may not want to benefits out of it, but to showcase their name to the world of their presence.
There are a great many other services which are made available like Anti-viruses and firewalls. Yes, all of the above mentioned and cybersecurity tools make systems more secure for sure, but the human interference in the system is an important aspect too, like to pull data off one computer; one can easily access it using a pen-drive which might be affected.
Types of Cyber Security
All of these serious crimes are committed online and can be stopped or at the least limited to some level by using Cyber Security Tools. Some of the best Cyber Security Tools made available today are:
1. IBMQRadarAdvisor and Watson
This is by far the best security tool in use by any of the organizations. Watson, using artificial intelligence (AI), is a self-learning and self-evolving system. What it does is, before even the threat is detected it eliminates the section. The working goes as such: IBM QRadar tracks the section. It gathers information and links online, offline and within the system with that code. It formulates a strategy to encompass it and then when an incident is raised, it kills the threat. This is one of the best online incidents – kill security tools being used.
It is one of the most widely used network analyzer protocol. It assesses the vulnerable sections on the network upon which the user is working. Wireshark can gather or see the minutes of the detail and activities which are going on a network. The incoming and outgoing packets of data and the protocol which is being used in the transmission can be easily viewed. What it does is captures the live data and creates an offline analysis sheet, which helps in tracking.
It is one of the best tools available online right now to stop the ransomware or malware attacks on a system. What crypto stopper does is that it finds the bots which are encrypting the files and deletes them. It creates a pattern or a deception formula for the threat to latch it on by itself onto the formula, once it latches itself; crypto stopper detects and deletes that code. Cryptostopper makers tend to make a promise of a 9-second threat detection and elimination challenge. It isolates the workstation and the affected areas of the system so that the ransomware cannot manage to affect more and more areas.
4. N MAP
It is one of the many primary and open source utilities made available for network securities. NMAP is not only good with small but large networks as well. It recognizes the hosts and the receiver on a network. Along with it, it also runs on all the distributions of operating systems. It can scan hundreds and thousands of machines on a network at a single moment.
5. Burp Suite
It is another web scanning algorithm security tool, which helps to scan web-based applications. The main purpose of this tool is to check and penetrate the compromised system. It checks all the surfaces which might be affected along with the sender and destination’s requests and responses for the threat. If any threat is found, it can either be quarantined or can be eliminated.
A utility of Nessus, but very different from Nessus and Metasploit though they work the same, yet different. It is considered as one of the most stable, less loophole and use of web security tools available online at the moment.
There are two major components of OpenVAS.
- Scanner: It scans the vulnerable sections and sends a compiled report of all of it to its manager.
- Manager: It compiles all the requests which are received from the scanner and then it makes a report of all such incidences.
Nessus is yet another tool that checks for malicious hackers. It scans the computers on the network for unauthorized hackers who try to access the data from the internet. On average it is considered that Nessus scans for unauthorized access for 1200 times. Apart from others, it doesn’t make assumptions that certain ports are only set for web servers like Port 80 is set for Web Server only. And it is an open-source tool, which also provides a vulnerable patching assistance facility, which further helps in providing possible solutions for the affected areas.
8. Metasploit Framework
Created by Rapid7 in Boston, Massachusetts. It is considered the best open-source framework which is in use for checking vulnerabilities. It has a command shell as it runs in Unix, so users can run their manual as well as auto commands to check and run the scripts. Metasploit Framework has some inbuilt as well as some third-party interfaces, which can be used to exploit the affected areas.
9. SolarWinds Mail Assure
It is a multi-functional tool that addresses most of the email security concerns. It has data from almost 2 million domains, which comes from 85 countries. It is also offered as Software As A Service (SAAS). It helps in the protection of the user’s devices from spams, viruses, phishing, and malware.
There are a lot many other online security tools available that can help in eliminating the risk along with the above-mentioned list. They are as follows:
- Touch Manager
With the growing usage of technology and advancements in the fields of devices and networks, security is sure to be a key risk factor. But should we not use it then? Definitely Not! There always will be security tools that will block and eliminate these security threats. But using these tools is also an important and learnable aspect. One cannot simply use it to avoid the threat and infection of one’s device on a network.
This has been a guide to Types of Cyber Security. Here we discussed the basic concept, types of cyber attack with some of the best cyber security tools with their description respectively. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –
- Cyber Security Interview Questions
- Cyber Security Challenges
- Cyber Security Principles
- Cyber Security Incidents