Python vs Ruby Performance (Differences)
Python is a general-purpose programming language. Python supports multiple programming paradigms and comes up with a large standard library, paradigms included are object-oriented, imperative, functional and procedural. In Python language the syntax is straightforward and hence it’s an ideal teaching language for a newbie. Ruby is an object-oriented, reflective, dynamic, general-purpose programming language. Ruby takes the concept of Object-Oriented Programming to its limits. In Ruby, everything is an object including global variables. Classes and modules are objects and functions and operators are the methods of objects.
Let us study about Python and Ruby in detail:
Python was created by a Dutch programmer Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991. Python is being used extensively in the web development landscape. It’s easy to learn since its syntax is easy to learn has become one of its biggest benefits. Its large library is cited as one of its greatest strengths, which provides features to attain so many tasks.
Ruby was designed and developed during the 1990s by Yukihiro Matsumoto in Japan. Thus Ruby becomes more powerful when combined with Functional programming and use of lambdas. Ruby being Object Oriented is highly influenced by languages like C++, Java, and Perl. It is highly preferred for web development and functional programming, which was the focussed area by the Ruby community from the get-go. Ruby has become much more diverse since its inception but it has not yet reached the level of diversity that Python has.
Python is a scripting language that can automate most of the handy stuff, over the years it has emerged as the most wanted scripting language in modern software development which varies from infrastructure management to data analysis. One has to spend more time thinking about the problem they are trying to solve, and less time thinking about language complexities.
Ruby can also be used for non-web based scripting and programming but a vast amount of learning resources focuses on Rails and web development. Ruby’s features and elegance has become one of its top-selling points and at the same time, it can become hard for the programmer to track down bugs. The syntax of Ruby is pretty similar to that of Perl and Python, but it takes Object Oriented features to its limits which is a completely new paradigm compared to Python.
Python includes lots of solid concurrency libraries but at the same time, it requires the developer to be clean about side effects and isolation. With Ruby one can write concurrent programs that operate on multiple cores easily, similar to Python, a developer is responsible for side effects and isolation issues. Python’s concurrency process is more resource-demanding as compared to Ruby. But then again, it boils down to developer coding habits if one has to take the cake offered by both Python and Ruby Performance languages.
Head to Head Comparison Between Python vs Ruby Performance (Infographics)
Below is the Top 8 Comparisons Between Python vs Ruby Performance
Key Differences Between Python vs Ruby Performance
Below is the list of points that explain the key Differences Between Python vs Ruby Performance
- Python being a scripting language has to be interpreted whereas Ruby is an Object Oriented programming language which is dynamic and reflective.
- Python is a great language with an easy to understand syntax and hence more readable, flexible whereas Ruby is more concise than Python which provides an elegant solution.
- Python does not provide built-in concurrency mechanism whereas Ruby provide a set of libraries to handle concurrency
- Python has a better set of tools for creating games since its GUI kits are considerably stronger than Ruby’s.
- Python binding and application styling are a little better for creating applications than Ruby but at the same time, Ruby is strong in meta-programming, which allows creating a fabulous product like Vagrant.
- Python community is very stable and diverse but when it comes to innovation it’s slower than Ruby whereas Ruby’s community is high on innovation but things tend to break more easily.
- Python still gains an upper hand when it comes to explicit syntax and thus is more readable whereas Ruby is more concise and elegant.
- Python is still a favourite language when it comes to solving data science problems whereas Ruby is more ideal for web programming.
- Python approach is more directly toward programming and thus makes everything obvious to programmers whereas Ruby focuses on “human language” programming and its code is more of a verbal language than a machine based.
- Python is great for basic programming, using it can become complicated if one wishes to build complex systems whereas with Ruby, web application framework like Ruby on Rails tends to make web development easier with its elegance and concise Object Oriented approach.
Python vs Ruby Performance Comparison Table
Following is the Comparison Table Between 8 Python vs Ruby Performance
|Basis For Comparison||
|Paradigm||Object-oriented, imperative, functional, procedural, reflective||Object-oriented, interpreted, dynamic and reflective|
|Frameworks||Django started in 2003||Ruby on rails started in 2005|
|Functionality||Directness and readable||Concise and more of a magical|
|Usage||Google, Instagram, Firefox etc||Apple, Twitter, Github etc|
|Community||Stable and diverse||Innovate quicker|
|Syntax||Explicit and can be inelegant to read sometimes||More concise but can be hard to debug at times|
|Characteristics||Easy to learn, conservative and more strict than Ruby||Module based approach and highly flexible|
|Applications||Ideal for an application involves heavy computing and process tons of data||Rapidly prototype application that is traffic-heavy|
Conclusion – Python vs Ruby Performance
Both Python and Ruby Performance come along with their frameworks like Django and Ruby on Rails. Anything you can do in Django, you can also do in Ruby on Rails. Which framework or language is better is not really a question of capabilities but actually a question of which is ideal for your scenario and requirement. Both Python and Ruby Performance are powerful frameworks when it comes to web development, with the strong community backing them. If anyone plans to focus on building web applications, Ruby is more popular and flexible, since there is a very innovative community built upon it and they are always on the cutting edge of development.
Python community already includes a large Linux and academic community and thus provide many use cases in maths and science. This kind of support provides more stability and diversity to the growing Python community.
In a nutshell, you cannot go wrong either way. Almost everything that you can do or learn in Python can be translated to Ruby and vice versa. With their given frameworks, data-intensive and prototype applications can be built easily. Your decision of building an application or solving a general logical and programming problem will ultimately come down to your level of experience and requirement.
This has a been a guide to the top Differences Between Python vs Ruby Performance. Here we have discussed the Python vs Ruby Performance key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –