Differences Between Ruby vs Ruby On Rails
Ruby is an object-oriented scripting language. It is interpreted programming language used to develop a web application at a high pace. It was developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto from Japan and released in the year 1995. There are so many versions that have been released for ruby after its initial release. The last stable release is 2.5.1 in early 2018.
Ruby was written in the C language. Ruby is open-source, free of cost and easily available. It can support multiple platforms like Linux, Unix, Windows, and Mac. Ruby has extensions of a file as ‘rb’. Ruby has the features of other scripting languages like Perl, Small talk, and Python.
Ruby has very clear syntax, which is easier to understand and write. Mainly it has a similar syntax to Perl and C language. Ruby provides the great balance between power and simplicity, as programs written in Ruby are easily maintainable and scalable. There are many libraries that have been written to extend ruby, and it mainly emphasized on testing.
Ruby has been developed with features like dynamic typing and ducks typing, flexible syntax, inheritance, garbage collection, exception handling, overloading, lexical closures, iterators, built-in support, variable scope, custom dispatch behavior, centralized management system, implemented on all platforms and extended library.
Ruby on Rails is a web application framework. Ruby on Rails is based on the model view controller (MVC) architecture, which means data is separated from a user interface and provides you with different views of data. Ruby on Rails is used for server-side scripting and developing web applications.
Ruby on Rails now referred to as Rails. Ruby on Rails was developed by David Heinemeier Hansson and released in the year 2005. The latest stable release is 5.2.0. It was written in Ruby programming language. Developing web application in ruby on rails has discovered great productivity. Ruby on Rails can be used to develop interface scripts. Ruby on Rails can be written with HTML language in scripts, and it provides support to Tcl/Tk as well. Ruby on rails can be easily connected to a database, and inbuilt functions can be used to build ruby scripts.
Ruby on Rails has been divided into Modules that are Action Mailer, Action Pack, Active Model, Active Support, Active Record and Active Resource. It also follows RESTful architecture. Ruby on Rails provides an efficient way to develop applications and easy to express ideas.
Ruby on Rails follows the concepts of don’t repeat yourself (DRY) and convention over configuration (COC). DRY (Don’t repeat yourself) refers to not to repeat the code or not to write the same code again and again. The code should be well-written, maintainable, and extensible, with fewer issues and better performance. COC (convention over configuration) provides us with the flexibility not to write the big configuration files rather than this set of default conventions that can be used.
Head to Head Comparison Between Ruby and Ruby on Rails
Below are the top 7 comparisons between Ruby and Ruby on Rails:
Key Differences Between Ruby and Ruby on Rails
Both Ruby vs Ruby on Rails are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Differences Between Ruby and Ruby on Rails:
- Ruby is used as a general-purpose programming language. Ruby on Rails mainly suited for developing database-driven web applications.
- Ruby is a programming language. Ruby on Rails-based on Model View Controller (MVC) framework.
- Ruby application can run on the same machine. Ruby on Rails developed application mainly runs on the webserver.
- In Ruby, writing a web application with features is a very difficult task. In Ruby on Rails, it is much easier to develop the web application and makes them easier to maintain.
- Ruby has provided security. Ruby on Rails has been provided more security compared to Ruby.
- Ruby can be used to develop static websites. Ruby on rails is not suitable for developing a static website.
Ruby vs Ruby on Rails Comparison Table
Following is the comparison table between Ruby vs Ruby on Rails.
|The Basis Of Comparison Between Ruby vs Ruby on Rails||Ruby||Ruby on Rails|
|Programmed||Ruby was programmed in C language.||Ruby on Rails was programmed in Ruby programming language.|
|Framework||Ruby is not a framework.||Ruby on Rails is a web development framework.|
|Application||Ruby used to develop desktop applications.||Ruby on Rails used to develop web applications.|
|Influence||Perl, Smalltalk, inspired Ruby.||Ruby on Rails was inspired by Django and Laravel of Python and PHP, respectively.|
|Principle||Ruby was developed on the principle of user interface design.||Ruby on Rails was developed on the principle of DRY and COC|
|Syntax||Ruby’s syntax is similar to Perl and Python.||Ruby on Rails syntax similar to Phoenix in Elixir, python etc.|
Ruby and Ruby on Rails both are open sources, free of cost and readily available. The support has been provided through a large number of documentation available on official sites, blogs, and online community, more specifically, open-source community.
Ruby on Rails is being widely used because of its framework structure, which exhibits its quality attributes. It provides a much faster programming process than other languages and framework. The framework also makes it easy to accommodate changes while developing the application. It has mainly focused on testing and has a strong testing framework.
Ruby vs Ruby on Rails applications are generally slow as compared to applications developed in other programming languages like JAVA, and C. Memory management is also not good compared to other languages. These are also not suitable for the sites, which is having a large amount of existing code and database. Ruby has given simple syntax, higher productivity, and maintainability, but they had lost focus on performance and effective resource management.
Each language has its own strong areas. On the basis of requirement or client specifications, language or framework has been identified to work on to develop the applications for an end-user. It would be good or easy to work on Ruby on rails if an individual has knowledge or basic understanding of Ruby first. Ruby and Ruby on Rails both are getting grounds at a good pace in the market with their latest releases in the market. It is a good language for a beginner, as its syntax is simple and easily understandable.
This has been a guide to the top differences between Ruby vs Ruby on Rails. Here we have discussed Ruby vs Ruby on Rails head to head comparison, key difference, and infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –