Updated August 2, 2023
Debt Ratio Formula (Table of Contents)
Debt Ratio Formula
The formula for calculating the Debt Ratio is as follows:
Where,
Total liabilities are the total debt and financial obligations payable by the company to organizations or individuals at any defined period. Total liabilities are stated on the balance sheet by the company.
Total Assets are the total amount of assets owned by an entity or an individual. Assets are items of monetary value used over time to produce a benefit for the asset’s holder. If the owners of Assets are a company, these assets are stated in the balance sheet for the accounting records.
Examples of Debt Ratio Formula
Example #1
Let’s assume Company Anand Ltd has stated $15 million of debt and $20 million of assets on its balance sheet; we must calculate the Debt Ratio for Anand Ltd.
We can calculate the Debt Ratio for Anand Ltd by using the Debt Ratio Formula:
 Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities / Total Assets
 Debt Ratio = $15,000,000 / $20,000,000
 Debt Ratio = 0.75 or 75%
This shows that for every $1 of assets that Company Anand Ltd has, they have $0.75 of debt. A ratio below 1.0 indicates that the company has less debt than assets.
Example #2
Jagriti Group of Companies has the following details as per its audited financials for the year ended 201718:
 Current Assets – $45,000
 Noncurrent Assets – $200,000
 Current Liabilities – $50,000
 Noncurrent Liabilities – $60,000
We need to calculate the debt ratio of the Jagriti Group of Companies.
As we can see in the above case, the Total Assets and Total Liability are not provided, then we have to calculate Total Assets and Total Liability by using the below formula:
 Total assets = (Current Assets + Noncurrent Assets)
 Total assets = ($45,000 + $200,000)
 Total assets = $245,000
 Total liabilities = Current Liabilities + Noncurrent Liabilities
 Total liabilities = ($50,000 + $60,000)
 Total liabilities = $110,000
We can calculate the Debt Ratio for Jagriti Groupby using the Debt Ratio Formula:
 Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities / Total Assets
 Debt Ratio = $110,000 / $245,000
 Debt Ratio = 0.45 or 44%
The debt ratio of Jagriti Group of Companies is 0.45.
Example #3
The following figures have been obtained from the balance sheet of the Anand Group of Companies.
 Current Assets – $50,000
 Noncurrent Assets – $200,000
 Total Liabilities – $90,000
 Shareholder Equity $160,000
We need to calculate the debt ratio of the Anand Group of Companies.
For calculating the Debt Ratio, we need Total Liability and Total Assets. We need to calculate Total Assets by using the formula.
 Total assets = Current Assets + Noncurrent Assets
 Total Assets = ($50,000 + $200,000)
 Total Assets = $250,000
We can calculate the Debt Ratio for Anand Group of Companies Group by using the Debt Ratio Formula:
 Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities / Total Assets
 Debt Ratio= $90,000/ $250,000
 Debt Ratio = 0.36 or 36%
The debt ratio of Anand Group of Companies is 0.36.
Explanation
The debt ratio measures the weightage of leverage in a company’s capital structure; it is further used for measuring risk. If the debt ratio is high, it shows the company has a higher burden of repaying the principal and interest, which may impact the company’s cash flow. It can create a glitch in financial performance, or the default situation may arise.
Assets and Liabilities are the two most important terms in any company’s balance sheet. Investors can interpret whether the company has enough assets to pay off its liabilities by looking at these two items. And this is what we call the debt ratio.
The debt ratio can be used as a measure of financial leverage. If a company has a Debt Ratio greater than 0.50, then the company is called a Leveraged Company. This shows the company has more debt funding in its capital structure. If the company has a lower debt ratio, then the company is called a Conservative company.
Significance and Use of Debt Ratio Formula
Company executives or investors mainly use the debt ratio formula:
The company’s top management can use the debt ratio formula to make the toplevel decision of the company related to its capital structure and future funding. Using the Debt ratio, the top management can decide to raise funds. Whether they want to raise funds from external sources like loans or debts or through equity. If the company has enough capital to repay its obligations, it can raise funds from external sources.
Investors who want to invest in a company can use the debt ratio formula. This formula shows whether the firm has enough assets or capital to repay the debts and other obligations as the company pays dividends to shareholders after paying all the debts and obligations of the company.
The debt ratio can be used as a measure of financial leverage. If a company’s Debt Ratio exceeds 0.50, it is classified as a Leveraged Company. This shows the company has more debt funding in its capital structure. People commonly refer to a company with a lower debt ratio as a conservative company.
If a company has a Debt Ratio lower than 0.50 shows the company is stable and has a potential for longevity. A company can raise more funds from outside for the expansion. For every industry, the benchmark of Debt ratio may vary, but the 0.50 Debt ratio of a company can be reasonable. This shows that the company has two times the assets of its liabilities. Or we can say the company’s liabilities are 50 % of its total assets.
If a company has a Debt Ratio of 1, it has total liabilities equal to its total assets. Or we can say if a company wants to pay off its liabilities, it would have to sell off all its assets. If the company needs to pay off the liabilities, it must sell off all its assets; in that case, it can no longer operate.
Debt Ratio Calculator
You can use the following Debt Ratio Calculator
Total Liabilities  
Total Assets  
Debt Ratio Formula  
Debt Ratio Formula  = 


Debt Ratio Formula in Excel (With Excel Template)
Here we will do the same example of the Debt Ratio formula in Excel. It is straightforward. You need to provide the two inputs, i.e., Total Liabilities and Total Assets.
You can easily calculate the Debt Ratio Using the Formula in the template provided.
First, we need to calculate the Total Liabilities
Then, we need to calculate the Total Assets
Now, we can calculate the Debt Ratio Using Formula
Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to a Debt Ratio formula. Here we discuss its uses along with practical examples. We also provide a Debt Ratio Calculator with a downloadable Excel template. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –