Retention Ratio Formula (Table of Contents)
 Retention Ratio Formula
 Retention Ratio Calculator
 Retention Ratio Formula in Excel (With Excel Template)
Retention Ratio Formula
Equity shareholders invest in the company which can payback by dividends and capital gains. While analyzing a company, it is always good to look into how much the company is paying a dividend to its investors and how much it is keeping for its usage. Dividend gives investor immediate cash whereas money which was kept by the company will be reinvested into the business, which will be given greater returns in long run. To understand this retention ratio helps a lot.
Retention Ratio definition & Formula
The retention ratio also referred as the plowback ratio, is an important financial parameter that measures the number of profits or earnings that are added to retained earnings (reserves) at the end of the financial year. In simple words, the retention rate is the percentage of net profits that are retained by the company and not distributed as dividends to investors at the end of the financial year.
The retention rate is calculated by subtracting the dividends distributed (including dividend distribution tax) by a company during the period from the net profit and dividing the difference by the net profit for the period.
The numerator of the above equation calculates the earnings that were kept during the year since all the profits generated by the company that is not distributed as dividends to the investors during the period are kept by the company. One could simplify the above formula by rewriting numerator as earnings retained during the year divided by net income.
Retention ratio can be also calculated if we know the dividend Payout ratio.
Examples of Retention Ratio Formula
ABC Company earned $200,000 of net profit during the financial year and decided to give dividends of $40,000 to its shareholders.
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Following calculations show how to calculate retention ratio or plowback ratio.
 Retention Ratio = (Net Income – Dividend distributed) / (Net Income)
 Retention Ratio = ($200,000 – $40,000) / $200,000
 Retention Ratio = 80 %
Or,
 Dividend Payout Ratio = 40,000 / 200,000
 Dividend Payout Ratio = 20 %
 Retention Ratio = 1 – Dividend Payout Ratio
 Retention Ratio = 1 – 20 %
 Retention Ratio = 80 %
As you can see, ABC company’s retention rate is 80 percent. In other words, ABC keeps 80 percent of its profits in the company and only 20 % of its net profit profits are distributed to shareholders as dividends. 80 % of the net profit is retained into the business shows business is in a growth phase and more capital is required for future growth. Though one ratio is not sufficient to jump to conclusion, analyst or investor need to look into other parameters to access the growth.
Company XYZ has a net profit of 100,000 during the financial year FY 2019, and management decided to distribute a dividend of 60,000 (including dividend distribution tax) to its shareholders.
Then XYZ company’s retention ratio or plowback ratio can be calculated using formula as below –
Net Profit  100000 
Dividend Distributed  60000 
 Dividend Payout Ratio = 60,000 / 100,000
 Dividend Payout Ratio = 60 %
 Retention ratio = 1 – 60 %
 Retention ratio = 40 %
Same can be calculated by putting direct values into the formula
 Retention Ratio = (Net Income – Dividend distributed) / (Net Income)
 Retention ratio = ($100,000$60,000)/$100,000
 Retention ratio = 40 %
Company XYZ retains 40 % of the total profit and distributes 60 % of the profit, it can be seen as a signal of slow growth into the company’s business or company doesn’t need more cash for its future growth.
Explanation of Retention Ratio Formula
As companies need to keep part or full portion of their net profits in order to continue its operation and grow, investors take this ratio to help to forecast where companies will be in the near future. Mature companies will start giving a dividend, growing companies will try to keep as much profit they can to fuel the future growth of the company.
Most of the tech companies rarely gave dividends because these companies wanted to reinvest in their business and continue to grow at a good rate. The exact opposite is true for established companies like General Electric. General Electric gives dividends every year to its shareholders.
Higher retention ratios are not always considered good from an investors point of view because this means the company doesn’t give many dividends. It might also mean that the stock price is continually appreciating because of company growth prospects. This ratio helps to understand the difference between an earnings stock and a growth stock.
Interpretation of Retention Ratio Formula
This is one of the important financial metrics because it shows how much a company is reinvesting into its own operations. Without a consistent reinvestment rate, the company’s growth would be completely dependent on financing from creditors and investors. The company’s on growing track keeps maximum as retained earnings to fuel the future growth. So, such companies retention rate is higher sometimes it may touch as high as 100%. On the other hands, companies in mature phase don’t need much cash for growth so these company distributes cash to investors as dividends and retains less from the profit. This can be touched as 100% of the profit distributed as dividend.
Retention ratio also shows management’s attitude of giving investors back. Less retention ratio is also an indication of fewer reinvestment opportunities in same business.
In simple words, the retention ratio is the exact opposite of the dividend payout ratio because it shows how much money from the profit the company decides to keep in its own bank account; whereas, the dividend payout ratio shows the percentage of profits that a company decides to distribute to its shareholders. The dividend payout ratio decreases retained earnings whereas, the plowback ratio or retention ratio increases retained earnings.
Future growth potential and retention ratio are so much directly linked that future growth rate can be calculated as a product of return on equity and retention ratio of the company.
Retention Ratio Formula Calculator
You can use the following Retention Ratio Calculator
Retained Earnings  
Net Income  
Retention Ratio Formula  
Retention Ratio Formula  = 


Retention Ratio Formula in Excel (With Excel Template)
Here we will do the same example of the Retention Ratio formula in Excel. It is very easy and simple. You need to provide the two inputs i.e Net Income and Dividend distributed
You can easily calculate the Retention Ratio using Formula in the template provided.
We can calculate Retention Ratio using Formula
Retention ratio can be also calculated if we know the dividend Payout ratio. we can get dividend Payout ratio by subtracting Dividend distributed from Net Income.
Then we can calculate the Retention ratio from dividend Payout ratio value.
Below is another example. We can calculate Retention Ratio using Formula
Retention ratio can be also calculated if we know the dividend Payout ratio. we can get dividend Payout ratio by subtracting Dividend distributed from Net Income.
Then we can calculate the Retention ratio from dividend Payout ratio value.
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