Updated July 5, 2023
What is a Web Development Framework?
The Top 4 Web Development Frameworks
Backbone.js is a lightweight web development framework that features a minimalist MVC design. It is used by popular websites such as Twitter, Hulu, and Pinterest. With a size of just 6.3 KB, Backbone is versatile and has few restrictions. Thus, it allows developers to choose whatever they want for their projects. This makes it an excellent option for more straightforward projects where speed is the biggest priority.
AngularJS is an older web development framework than Backbone, released in 2009 by Brat Tech but only took off under Google’s support in 2012. It is three times the size of Backbone, as it comes with more inbuilt functionality. AngularJS does not follow the MVC design pattern. However, it is a popular choice for web development and is used by sites such as MSNBC, VEVO, and The Weather Channel.
One of the most notable features of AngularJS is two-way data binding, which allows for less coding when creating dynamic views. AngularJS also includes directives, which enable developers to extend HTML by attaching special behaviors to DOM parts. Additionally, AngularJS has dependency injection, making it easy to include services in modules. However, AngularJS can be slow in more complex, larger applications, and its two-way data binding can impact performance and make debugging more challenging. Finally, it lacks server-side rendering.
Ember is a younger web development framework than Angular or Backbone, having been released in 2011 by Yehuda Katz, a member of the Ruby on Rails and jQuery core teams. It is more significant than most web development technologies, with a compressed size of 95 KB. Also, it includes Handlebars and jQuery as necessary dependencies. Ember is used by companies such as Nest, Vine, Qualcomm, and NBC News. One of its notable features is the ‘Ember way’ of doing things. It simplifies development by providing developers with everything they need to build a web app, including a template library and other tools that save time.
Ember also offers the Ember CLI, a command-line tool that is helpful for developers without a build system. However, Ember’s heavy size and the ‘Ember way’ can limit developers’ capabilities. For instance, it generates a lot of code that can make it challenging to figure out what is going on. Additionally, its learning curve can be steep and lacks server-side rendering. Nevertheless, Ember’s lack of corporate sponsorship is a plus for several developers, and the team behind Ember is dedicated to the open-source movement. The Ember team has stated that it will move away from two-way binding and support server-side rendering in the future.
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