Introduction to UML Component Diagram
Unified Modeling Language, that is, UML is in simple words, a general-purpose modeling language. The main objective of UML is visualizing the way a system is designed in a standard way. It is also very much the same as blueprints that are being used in other fields of engineering as well. It is not a programming language, but rather it is a visual language. UML Component diagrams are used to only demonstrate the behavior as well as the structure of a system. UML helps system architects, businessmen and also software engineers in modeling, design as well as analysis. The OMG, that is, Object Management Group adopted UML as the standard back in 1997. Since then it is been managed by them. After that, in 2005 ISO published UML as an approved standard. UML has been revised and reviewed round the years periodically. Further, we’ll discuss component diagrams.
What is Component Diagram in UML?
- UML Component diagrams are basically used in modeling the aspects that are physical of object-oriented systems used in visualizing and documenting systems that are component-bases and it is also used for the construction of executable systems with the help of forward and reverse engineering. Component diagrams are basically diagrams of the class focusing on components of a system is often used for modeling of the static implementation view of the system.
- It also breaks down the actual system that is under development into various levels of functionality, basically high level. Each component in UML is responsible for only a single clear aim in the entire system and it interacts with only other essential elements and that too just on a need to know basis.
- The sole and important purpose of a component diagram in UML is to demonstrate the relationship between various components in the system. If we talk about UML 2.0, the word “component” is defined as a module of classes that represents systems or subsystems that are independent having the ability to interface with the rest of the system.
- There is an approach called component-based development, also called CBD, which revolves around all the components. In this approach, the whole system does what it is actually supposed to do since it permits the planner to identify different components. Commonly speaking, if we talk about Object Oriented programming approach, component diagram always permits a senior developer to group the classes together depending upon their common purpose thus enabling the developer as well as others to look at the software development project at a higher level.
- Although component diagrams in UML might appear to be complicated at first sight, however, they are quite invaluable when it comes to building our system.
Component diagrams have many advantages that can help your team in various ways :
- It pays attention to how the system’s components relate.
- It emphasizes the behavior of service when it relates to the interface.
- It also imagines the physical structure of the system.
Explain Symbols of UML Component Diagram
UML component diagram symbols are many like component, package, package container, dependency, generalization, constraint, opaque stereotype, note, and many others. Let us go through a few important ones. The symbols are provided next to them.
1. Component: Component in UML is defined as a modular part of a system. It always defines its behavior which is in terms of required and given interfaces.
2. Package: Package in UML can be defined as something that can group elements, and then gives a namespace for all of those grouped elements.
3. Package containers: Package containers in UML can be defined as something that describes UML elements like classes, components, and use cases.
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4. Dependency: Dependency relationship in UML can be defined as a relationship wherein one of the elements which are the client uses or depends on another element which is the supplier.
5. Generalization: Generalization in UML can be defined as the relationship wherein one of the model element I.e., the child is based on another model element i.e., the parent.
6. Constraint: Constraint in UML can be defined as something that enables us to refine the semantics of the UML model element. It is an extension mechanism. Note in UML consists of either comments or textual information.
Note in UML can be defined as something that represents either hardware or software objects which are of a higher level if we compare to components. components.
7. Interface: In UML can be defined as something that demonstrates the materials which a component will either receive or will provide. We can represent interfaces with either textual notes or symbols like the lollipop, socket, or ball and socket shapes.
8. port: Symbol in UML can be defined as something that mentions a different interaction point between the environment and the component. Ports can be symbolized with the help of a small square.
How to make a Component Diagram?
We can easily make a perfect component diagram in UML from scratch with the help of the Lucid Chart. All we need to do is follow these steps:
- Either open a blank document or start with a template.
- UML shape library is to be enabled. Then click on “Shapes” o the left side of the editor and check on “UML” in the Shape Library Manager and then click “Save.”
- Select the shape that you want from the library to be added, and all you have to do is drag that shape from the toolbox into the canvas.
- Draw lines between shapes for modeling the flow and we are done.
One of the examples is as below for Library Mangement System shown below
The transactions are shown here create a network of relationships between components of the library system. In order to understand how are these relationships working and how the system is functioning overall, you need to examine the UML diagram demonstrated above. You can also use it as a template.
Thus, we can conclude that the component diagram is a really important diagram in which architects will often create quite early in a project. But, it’s usefulness spans the life of the system. Component diagrams are quite invaluable since they model as well as document a system’s architecture.