Differences Between Programming Languages vs Scripting Languages
Programming languages are those who use compiler and Scripting languages are those which use Interpreter. Focusing on compiler and Interpreter, what exactly are they compiler and what role they play. A compiler converts the high-level language to machine language, which is what an interpreter does?
So the obvious question arises is there any difference between Programming Languages and Scripting Languages? Yes, though they do some work, the way they perform the execution differs from compiler and interpreter. The system does not accept this HLL, so the compiler helps us by converting these HLL into machine languages. These machine languages have a pseudo name of a binary language. Which is in the form of 0’s and 1’s?
The interpreter does exactly the same functionality by compiling the HLL to Machine language, but it does it line by line. The interpreter does code compilation line by line manner, whereas Compiler does it all at once (in one chunk).
Programming Languages and Scripting Languages (Infographics)
Below is the top 15 comparison between Programming Languages and Scripting Languages:
Key Differences Between Programming Languages and Scripting Languages
Before we look into the difference between Programming Languages and Scripting Languages, it’s quite obvious to know why these languages were born, what was the need before the developers?
Initially, programming languages were written to build programs like Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Internet browsers, etc. (took these terms for easy understanding). So, the program codes were getting build using various languages like Java, C, and C++, etc. There became a need for these program codes to add new functionality by the users, there must be an alternative to provide the proper interface to their bye code, and thus it led to the beginning of scripting languages.
One can say that Scripting languages are a kind of programming language that doesn’t require ——an explicit compilation step. The below scenario will give some useful insight into the understanding of its readers.
Head to Head Comparison Between Programming Languages vs Scripting Languages
- There are 5 subcategories under PL (programming languages)(Types) First/Second/Third/Fourth/Fifth generation PL whereas SC(Scripting languages) has Server-side and client-side scripting languages.
- The PL supports
- explicit support of data type,
- Rich support for User Interface type,
- Rich support for graphic design, whereas the SL supports
- implicit support of data types,
- Limited support for User interface design,
- No support for Graphic design.
- From an applicability point of view, a PL.
- It is more compatible while integrating code with mathematical formulas, whereas an SL
- To automate a certain task in a program and extract information from a dataset.
Programming Languages and Scripting Languages Comparison Table
Below is the list of points; describe the comparison Between Programming language and Scripting language.
|Parameters||Programming Languages||Scripting Languages|
|Definition||A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instruction that can be used to produce various kinds of output. Programming languages generally consist of instructions for a computer.||A scripting or script language is a programming language that supports scripts: programs written for a special runtime environment that automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator. Scripting languages are often interpreted (rather than compiled).|
|Type||It’s a Compiler-based language||It an Interpreter based language|
|Usage||Developing anything needful from scratch||To combine existing components.|
|Running||They run independently of a parent program or exterior||These run inside another program|
|Design||Designed to give full usage of a language||Designed to make coding fast and simple|
|Conversion||One shot conversion||Line by line conversion|
|Creation||It creates a .exe file||Does not create a .exe file|
|Compilation||Program compilation is necessary||No need to compile the program|
|Coding||Programming is making a full code of the program||Scripts are just a piece of code|
|Temperament||Harder to code. It needs numerous lines of code for each function||Easier to code. Needs only a few short lines of code for each function|
|Complexity||Are complex||They are easy to use and easy to write|
|Development Time||It takes longer to develop as more code needs to be written.||It takes less time to code as it needs less coding.|
|Hosting||Does not require a host. Is self – executable||Requires a host|
The SL is a subset of PL, one can say after looking at all the above-mentioned points. The execution environment is the deciding factor that sets a difference between Programming languages and Scripting languages. Scripts are generally written to control application behavior, and Programming languages are used to build an application.
The bottom line is the environment decides the features and generates the difference between Programming languages and Scripting languages.
This has been a useful guide to Differences between Programming Languages vs Scripting Languages. Here we have discussed Programming Languages vs Scripting Languages head to head comparison, key differences along with infographics, and comparison table. You may also look at the following articles to learn more.