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HTML vs CSS

HTML vs CSS

Differences Between HTML vs CSS

HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two of the core web scripting languages for building web pages and web applications. HTML provides the structure of web pages whereas CSS is mainly used to control the styling and layout (visual and aural) of web pages. Here, we will be having a detailed discussion and a comparative analysis of the difference between HTML and CSS.

HTML is basically the standard markup language for describing the structure of web pages.HTML provides tags which are surrounding the content of any web page elements. By this way, heading and the content structure of the web page can be implemented.  HTML markup consists of different types of components, including tags, entity references, character-based types, and references. HTML document type declaration is another component of HTML. It is used for triggering standard mode rendering. HTML documents normally consist of a structure of nested HTML elements. The general format of an HTML element can be described as below:

Example:   <tag attribute1= “value1” attribute2=”value2”>’’content’’</tag>. Here,

  • HTML element defines a specific section of a webpage.
  • Start tag : <tag attribute1= “value1” attribute2=”value2”> (It is used to define the beginning of the element)
  • Content: It can be texts, links, images and other information present on the web page.
  • End Tag: </tag> (It is used to declare the closure of the HTML element)

CSS is the style sheet language for describing the presentation and design of web pages including colors, fonts, and layouts. It is mainly designed to enable the distinction between presentation and content, including colors, layouts, and fronts. It can be used in different types of devices, like large or small screens and printers. It is independent of HTML and can be used with any XML-based markup language. The CSS specifications are mainly maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium.  CSS rule-set consists of a selector and a declaration block. It can be described as below:

Example:   h1 { color: white;  font-style: italic }. Here,

  • Selector: h1 (It indicates the HTML element which needs to be styled)
  • Property: “color and font-style” (It defines the aspects of elements that need to be changed)
  • Declaration Block: “color: white; font-style: italic” (It describes one or more declarations separated by semicolons)
  • Values: “white and italic” (It indicates the parameters of the selected properties.

Like two sides of a coin, both HTML and CSS have few pros and cons.

HTML (Pros):

  • Easy to learn and code
  • It is free to use and no license is required
  • Properly interpreted by browsers
  • It supports multiple languages
  • Lightweight and it supports multiple platforms
  • Large community support

HTML (Cons):

  • It has limited security features
  • Slow Technical progress
  • Being a static language, it can’t produce dynamic output

CSS (Pros):

  • It has a much broader range of attributes than HTML
  • It has improved website speed and pages consume less time to load properly
  • It supports offline browsing
  • It is compatible with multiple devices
  • It is easy to maintain
  • Good community support
  • It provides much better web page style formats than HTML

CSS (Cons):

  • It has fragmentation problem and thus, it has performance variance between two browsers.
  • Being an open text-based system, it doesn’t have any built-in security
  • It can get messy sometimes and can create complications in codes.

Head To Head Comparison Between HTML vs CSS (Infographics)

Below is the top 6  Differences Between HTML vs CSSHTML vs CSS Infographics

Key Differences Between HTML vs CSS

The Key Difference Between HTML and CSS, are explained in the below-mentioned points:

  1. HTML is basically a standard markup language for describing the structure of web pages whereas CSS is the style sheet language for describing the presentation and design of web pages
  2. HTML is easy to learn and has clear syntax whereas CSS can sometimes get messy and can create complications in codes.
  3. CSS is independent of HTML and it can be used with any XML-based markup language whereas this is not the same case with HTML
  4. HTML file can contain CSS codes but on the other hand, CSS can never contain HTML codes in it.
  5. HTML provides tags which are surrounding the content of any web page elements whereas CSS consists of selectors which are surrounded by a declaration block
  6. CSS has fragmentation but HTML doesn’t produce any such problems.
  7. CSS uses a much lesser code and thus produce much lesser web page loading time than HTML

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HTML vs CSS Comparison Table

Below are the lists of points, describe the Comparison Between HTML vs CSS

BASIS FOR COMPARISON HTML CSS
Definition HTML is the standard markup language for describing the structure of web pages CSS is the style sheet language for describing the presentation and design of web pages including colors, fonts, and layouts
Implementation HTML is for content and web page structure CSS is mainly for presentation and design
Architecture Being standard markup language for creating web pages, HTML used to have tags that are surrounding the content CSS is style sheet language and here mainly selectors are declared using block statement syntaxes
Dependency HTML syntax and structure formats can’t be used in CSS style sheets CSS is independent of HTML and it can be used with any XML-based markup language
Approach HTML mainly used to develop the basic content of any web page. CSS is mainly implemented for web designing, page style formats, layouts and other visual effects.
Support There are a lot of community support for  HTML which helps them utilizing different web page structure  approaches as per the current industry standards CSS also has a huge backup and lots of community support for continuous web designing improvement as per the current standards

Conclusion – HTML vs CSS

After comparing HTML vs CSS over a range of factors, it can be concluded that these are two of the core web scripting languages for web page development but at the same point of time, each one has its own pros and cons. So, before choosing any one of them, developers should learn and analyze different aspects of HTML and CSS languages. Thus, based on the type of project need, time of work and on all other different discussed aspects, these web scripting languages should be selected to reach the desired goal.

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