Updated March 3, 2023
Differences Between Java vs Node JS
- James Gosling originally developed Java at Sun Microsystem. Much of Java’s syntax is derived from C++, which is also class-based and Object-Oriented. Java is being shipped in the form of JDK (Java Development Kit), which includes various components that are required to run a java program; however, not all the components of JDK are mandatory to run Java. The latest version is Java 10, released in March 2018.
- Java source program is converted to bytecode by the Java compiler, and then this compiled bytecode can be executed on any operating system having compatible JRE (Java Runtime Environment) installed on it. Thus, once written in Java, source code can be run on any platform, which is one of the biggest benefits.
- It is just that appropriate JRE must be installed on a required operating system which can be downloaded from Java’s official website. A compiler would convert Java source code to bytecode, and JVM (Java Virtual Machine), which is created inside JRE (Java Runtime Environment), would convert bytecode to machine code.
- Java has extensive support for concurrency, networking, and GUI (Graphic User Interface). There is a vast number of frameworks that are built using Java. In the current scenario, Spring is vastly used in the web development landscape whose foundation is laid upon Java.
- Server-side capabilities are provided extensively in Node JS; a developer can listen to and reply to HTTP requests on the computer, listen to traffic network and at the same time can access the database from a computer directly.
Head to Head Comparison Between Java and Node JS
Below are the top 8 comparisons between Java and Node JS:
Key Differences Between Java and Node JS
Some key Differences Between Java and Node JS are explained below.
- Java is a great option for building complex web-based, highly concurrent applications, whereas Node JS is ideal for developing small-sized projects.
- Java requires Java Development Kit, which includes a Java compiler and runtime environment to run Java on any machine, whereas Node JS must be installed through an installable archive file.
- Java is strictly a server-side language that has nothing to do with the browser, whereas Node JS can be used on the client and server-side efficiently.
- Java is heavily used for building complex web-based application with an already provided framework built using Java, whereas Node JS is best suited for real-time collaborative drawing or editing applications like Google Docs.
- Java uses the concept of multithreading with ease, whereas Node JS does not use the concept of multi-threading like Java does.
- For large scale projects that involved concurrency, Java is highly recommended, whereas Node JS does not handle the thread and Java, which is the weakest point of this framework.
- CPU intensive task required huge computational power that can be handled with Java, whereas I/O bound operations like real-time chat, media streaming etc., can be handled well with Node JS.
Java and Node JS Comparison Table
Following is the comparison table between Java and Node JS.
|Basis of Comparison between Java vs Node JS||Java||Node JS|
|Application||Complex web-based, highly concurrent application||A fast and scalable server-side application|
|Project||Suited for complex web-based concurrency project||Best suited for small size projects|
|Usage||Messaging, web application, highly concurrent application||Highly useful when a scalable and faster application is required|
|Installation||Require JDK (Java Development Kit) to run Java||Need to install archive file on a system|
|Scope||Dominate server-side interaction||Developers can utilize it on the client and server-side|
|Frameworks||Spring, Struts, JSF, Tapestry etc.||Has many different frameworks like Express.js, Sails.js, and Partial.js|
|Application||Simplify application development with an Object-Oriented approach||More suited for an application like real-time collaborative drawing/edit like Google Docs|
Finally, it depends on what applications one wants to build. Anything done with Node JS can be achieved efficiently with Java libraries and frameworks. Super-fast applications can be built with concurrency in Java, whereas event-driven I/O bound applications can be written efficiently with the Node JS framework. At the end of the day, it depends on requirement and developer abilities to understand the technology.
This has been a useful guide to the Differences Between Java vs Node JS. Here we have discussed Java vs Node JS head to head comparison, key difference, and infographics and comparison table. You may also look at the following article to learn more –