HTML was initially released in the year 1993. HTML 5.2 is the latest version as of now. HTML is being developed by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) and WHATWG (Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group) together. The filename extensions can be .html or .htm commonly .html is used. The look of HTML can also be modified and made better by including the CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), which is a Style Sheet Language being maintained by W3C only. CSS makes the feel and look of web pages rich and better by loading or including the contents into HTML.
|Usage||Provides static content on web pages||Adds dynamic functionality to the static web pages|
|Platform||Requires any web browser to display the static content||Requires JS engine to run the code|
|Generality||HTML is being used across all the sites in a majority of the World Wide Websites||Available in major browsers in client and server-side environment|
|Community||Maintained by W3C and WHATWG||Maintained by ECMA TC-39 committee|
|Standardization||W3C and WHATWG standards||ECMA Standards|
|Compatibility||Supported by all browsers||Supports contents in few browsers depending on the functionalities|