What is a Full-Stack Web Developer?
A full-stack web developer is a development expert who does both front-end and back-end development of applications. They can make server and client software development simultaneously. A full-stack web developer must be aware of all the layers of the three-tier model.
Layers of Three-Tier Model
The three-tier model consists of the following:
1. Presentation Layer
2. Business Logic Layer
It consists of the back-end development where the data validation is being dealt with. For example, programming a server that involves skills such as Python, Java, Ruby, ASP, Node, PHP, etc.
3. Database Layer
It consists of the data storage portion. For example, programming a database that involves tools like SQLite, SQL, MySQL and NoSQL databases like MongoDB, CouchDB, etc.
A full-stack web developer need not have deep knowledge of all these technologies. But the developer should be able to have a proper understanding of what is happening on both servers as well as client-side and should be able to understand the entire processes of application development. And the developer should have a keen interest in the technologies involved in the development.
Front-End Web Development
- A full-stack web developer should have proper experience in front-end technologies.
- Desirable front-end technologies include some of the third-party libraries such as React JS, Angular, LESS, jQuery, etc.
- The front-end involves the user interface of websites. It includes the presentation of information on the websites in your personal computer’s browser or the browser of your mobile device.
- The goal of a front-end web developer should be to provide users with an interactive platform of information.
- Creative front-end developers also use web designing applications like Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop for making the web pages more attractive with themed layouts and graphics.
- A front-end web developer should also have additional skills such as User Interface Design and User Experience Design to collect and display in a better way.
Back-End Web Development
- Back-end web development involves various processes like creating, updating, and recollecting data.
- Back-end development technologies involve scripting languages such as Ruby, Python, PHP, etc.
- These languages help a back-end developer create business logic and algorithms that further help in manipulating the data collected from front-end development.
- Back-end developer code to collect data from front-end users and then store it in some storage facilities like a database.
- Databases are basically of two types. They are Relational Databases, including SQL, MySQL, PostgreSQL, etc. and Non-Relational Databases, including NoSQL databases like MongoDB, CouchDB, etc.
- The developer interacts with the database using Structured Query Language, commonly known as SQL, which helps the developer manage the database effectively.
- Server Management is one of the main components of back-end development.
- Server Management involves hosting databases, serving up websites, etc.
- Currently, there are many Cloud Service Providers in the market like Amazon Web Service or AWS, Google Cloud Platform or GCP, Microsoft Azure, etc., which helps in Server Management more effectively and efficiently, which lesser cost.
- The scalability of a website can be determined by proper server management. And slow applications can also troubleshoot effectively.
Skills to Become a Full-Stack Web Developer
A developer requires pretty good experience in the industry to be a good full-stack web developer. Thorough knowledge and experience in both front-end, back-end technologies, and database management are very important to be a good full-stack web developer. A full-stack web developer should have the ability to readily access and communicate the details about the presentation of the website and effective data manipulation.
The skills to become a full-stack web developer based on different categories are mentioned below:
1. Front-End Development Technologies
2. Back-End Development Technologies
Back-end development technologies include ASP, PHP, C++, Java, C#, Python, Node.js, Go, Ruby, REST, relational databases like SQL, MySQL, etc. non-relational databases like MongoDB, CouchDB, etc., Sass, Firebase.com, Less, PaaS, which includes Heroku and Azure, Parse.com, Redis, Memcached, Varnish, etc. Having knowledge of the skills mentioned above alone cannot make you a good full-stack web developer. To become a good full-stack web developer, you need to constantly learn new technologies continuously. You must have proper experience in both front-end and back-end technologies.
Advantages of Full-Stack Web Developer
- A full-stack web developer should have intensive knowledge in both front-end and back-end technologies, making the developer switch between server and client easily according to the change in requirement.
- They don’t compromise the quality of the project.
- They will be constantly updated with the latest technologies, which help them in understanding all the aspects of the latest technologies.
- They can also handle coding and UI designs.
- They take complete responsibility for the project assigned to them by the organization.
- They are highly cost-effective as they have knowledge of both front-end and back-end technologies. It further helps in the reduction of project costs considerably.
- They make on-time and quicker project deliveries and provide ideal and effective results.
- They can easily maintain and update applications with more ease as they are updated with the latest technologies.
- They can master the complete technologies in project development.
- They can make quick prototypes.
- All the team members can reach out to full-stack developers for any help.
- Team communication time can be reduced considerably.
A full-stack web developer has more advantages over regular application developers due to their comprehensive and wide knowledge of various technologies. Due to this reason, a full-stack developer is preferred by organizations over a normal application developer as they can handle both server-side as well as client-side development simultaneously.
This is a guide to Full-Stack Web Developer. Here we discuss the different layers of the Three-Tier model and its skills along with advantages. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –