Enterprise Value Formula (Table of Contents)
 Enterprise Value Formula
 Examples of Enterprise Value Formula (With Excel Template)
 Enterprise Value Formula Calculator
Enterprise Value Formula
Enterprise value is the measurement of a company’s total value. It is one of the important parameters to market capitalization evaluation of the company’s stock value. Enterprise value takes over the price of a company that means it tells us about the company’s net worth. It includes all ownership interests, an asset from debt and asset from equity. Enterprise value in a simple way said as a sum of market capitalization, a market value of debt subtracting cash and equivalents.
A formula for enterprise value can be expressed as:
Enterprise value can be written as a sum of common shares, preferred shares, a market value of debt, minority interest subtracting cash and equivalent,
A formula for enterprise value can be expressed as:
Where,
 Market Capitalization = Value of common shares of the company.
 Common Share = Share available with the company.
 Preferred Shares = If shares are redeemable, it is treated as debt.
 Market Value of Debt = Value of all debt of the company.
 Cash and Equivalent = Cash and investment of a company.
Examples of Enterprise Value Formula (With Excel Template)
Now, let us see an example to understand enterprise value formula in a better manner.
Enterprise Value Formula – Example #1
A software company named Firefox Pvt. Ltd wants to know its enterprise value. Market capitalization $50,000,000, market value of debt is $1,000,000 and cash and equivalent value is $3,000,000. Now enterprise value is as follows:
We can calculate the Enterprise Value using below formula
Enterprise Value = Market Capitalization + Market Value of Debt – Cash and Equivalent
 Enterprise Value = $50,000,000 + $1,000,000 – $3,000,000
 Enterprise Value = $48,000,000
The value of Firefox Pvt. Ltd is $48,000,000.
Enterprise Value Formula – Example #2
A company named Oracle Pvt. Ltd has below component in an annual report.
4.5 (1,044 ratings)
We can calculate the Market Value Of Common Share using below formula
Market Value of common share = Share value * No. of share
 Market Value of Common Share = 5000 * $5
 Market Value of Common Share = $25,000
We can calculate the Total Debt using the below formula
Total Debt = Short Term Borrowing + Long Term Borrowing
 Total Debt = 5000 + 0
 Total Debt = $5,000
We can calculate the Enterprise value using Below formula
Enterprise Value = Common Shares + Preferred Shares + Market Value of Debt – Cash and Equivalent
 Equivalent Value = 25,000 + 0 + 5,000 – 100
 Equivalent Value = $29,900
The components of enterprise value are Equity value, total debt, preferred stock, minority interest, cash, and cash equivalents. Value of a company can be measured from its own assets. By assets, one can know both liabilities and shareholder’s equity as the source of fund can be equity or finance. Market capitalization is the product of share price and a number of shares. Enterprise value is the sum of equity, debt which is used for asset creation and from this cash is deducted as acquiring company will get the cash postacquisition.
Now, let us see another example.
Enterprise Value Formula – Example #3
Below is a financial statement of First data source Pvt. Ltd of the year 2018. Now, we will calculate enterprise value as TRD Ltd want to acquire First data source Pvt. Ltd hence wants to calculate enterprise value.
We can calculate the Enterprise value using below formula.
Enterprise Value = Market Capitalization + Market Value of Debt – Cash and Equivalent
 Equivalent Value = 20,000 + 7,000 – 1,000
 Equivalent Value = $26,000
So, enterprise value for First data source is $26,000.
Now, TRD Ltd can use $1,000 to pay a debt of First Data Source Pvt. Ltd. Then debt of the company will be.
 = Total Debt – Cash and Equivalent
 = 7,000 – 1,000
 = $6,000
Therefore the company has to pay below the amount for acquisition:
 =Debt Outstanding + Market Value of Company
 = 6,000 + 20,000
 = $26,000
So, TRD has to pay $26,000 for the acquisition of First Data Source.
Importance of Enterprise Value Formula
Enterprise value used to find a various component of the financial analysis of a company. The formula for same is as follows:
 EV/EBITDA
It is used to calculate the value of a business and also helps to compare the capital structure of a different company.
EBITDA = Recurring earnings from Operations + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortizations
EV = Enterprises Value
 EV/Sales
This ratio helps to calculate its account for debt component to be paid back.
Lower the EV/Sales undervalue company is and vice versa.
Now, Let us see the application of Enterprise value.
Enterprise Value Formula – Example – #4
Suppose a company named Alexa Pvt. Ltd acquires other company ZEN Pvt. Ltd in the year 2018, Alexa Pvt. Ltd started to analyze its financial and below values of the different financial element using DCF concept
Enterprise Value is calculated as:
 Enterprise Value = (30,000 * 20) + 0 – 17,916
 Enterprise Value = $582,084
Equity Value is calculated as:
 Equity Value = 582,084 + 68,746 – 21,453
 Equity Value = $629,377
Equity Value / Share is calculated as:
 Equity Value / Share = 629,377 / 30,000
 Equity Value / Share = $21
So, a cost to company per share will be $21 and enterprise value is $582,084.
Relevance and Uses of Enterprise Value Formula
There are multiple uses of enterprise value formula which are as follows:
 To find the acquisition value of the company.
 It helps to compare a company with a different degree of financial leverage.
 EV also helps to compare the capital structure of two companies.
 It helps to measure the value of a company.
Enterprise Value Formula Calculator
You can use the following Enterprise Value formula Calculator
Market Capitalization  
Market Value of Debt  
Cash and Equivalent  
Enterprise Value Formula  
Enterprise Value Formula =  Market Capitalization + Market Value of Debt  Cash and Equivalent  
0 + 0  0 =  0 
Conclusion
Enterprise value of a company helps to measure the value of the company, it is very useful for an investor to take a decision on investment of the company. As we know it is also used to compare the capital structure of two companies which helps an investor to invest in the right company. But the value of a company drawn from the formula is not always right as it depends on market conditions. It is also used to calculate other financial ratios.
Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to Enterprise Value formula. Here we discuss How to Calculate Enterprise Value along with practical examples. We also provide you Enterprise Value Calculator with downloadable excel template. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –
 Formula for Net Income
 Examples of BidAsk Spread
 Guide to Payback Period Formula
 Debt to Income Ratio Formula
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