Introduction to Django Framework
Django is a Python-based server-side web framework used worldwide to make web applications. Some of the top companies using Django are:
- Google (Youtube)
Since Django employs Python, we can deploy regular websites and Machine Learning Models, such as for Speech Recognition, Fraud Detection, etc., over the web. Django has a very modular approach called MVT (Model-View-Template) architecture. Following this architecture makes the code very easy to develop, deploy and maintain.
Django includes a built-in Admin module that allows the storage of master values on the website. For instance, when processing a Loan application, the website may have a “New Loan” screen with a drop-down menu for Loan Types, such as Personal Loan, Car Loan, Home Loan, etc. The admin panel provided by Django allows users to manage and maintain these values actively.
Understanding Django Framework
As we know that Django has an MVT architecture, we will go step by step in explaining each term.
When we install the Django framework and create a new project, the framework automatically generates the following files (the most important and frequent)for us to write our code:
Code modularity is the goal of each of these files. The settings.py file stores all the custom configurations, including database connection parameters, server details for hosting the application, and global variables accessible throughout the application.
urls.py file has a list of all the custom URLs which will be used in the application to access different pages. Let us look at the models, views, and templates.
Model in Django refers to Database Tables created per the requirements to store data. For example, if we want to create a Bank website, we need tables to store customer data such as Customer Name, Account Number, Bank Balance, etc. The code for writing these models is put into the models.py file.
Now you may wonder which database to use for creating Django Models. Relax! Django supports all major databases (Oracle, PostgreSQL, MS SQL Server, MySQL ), and you need not worry about different types of SQL for other databases. Because Django implicitly can translate your Python code into corresponding Database SQL.
View in Django refers to what needs to be done/processed over the requests received from the client to the server. These HTTP requests (GET, POST, etc.) can be for specific purposes such as Account Debit, Account Credit, Creating a new account, etc.
Views, in turn, interact with models to store/retrieve/delete data. Developers write the code for these views and place it in the views.py file.
Templates refer to the HTML pages which the user sees. It renders background images, text boxes, buttons, and other elements in the client’s browser, providing the website with its look and feel.
Templates don’t have a .py file because templates are HTML codes. Hence, we must make a templates folder and keep all the .html files in this folder.
Why Use Django?
People often refer to Django as a “Web framework for perfectionists with deadlines” because it encapsulates all the necessary components for building a web application. This includes an in-built web server and an SQLite Database, making it convenient to work with. Also, the admin panel prevents reinventing the whole wheel, and the developer can focus on writing the core application code rather than creating necessities.
The other most important feature of Django is “SECURITY.” Django forces the developer to implement security-related features into the application; otherwise, the code does not execute successfully. For example, csrf (Cross-Site Request Forgery). csrf is a random token generated every time we submit form data. The Django server validates this token on every HTTP POST Request it receives. If some hacker tries to attack, then this token becomes invalid, and our application remains secure.
Another exciting feature of Django is – Template extensions and Tags. Django provides tons of template tags that can be used directly in the templates (.html codes), thus preventing development effort and reducing the size of templates. One template (for ex: base.html) can be easily extended into another template, and as a result, this other template reduces to only a few lines of HTML code.
Importance of Django Framework
Until now, you must have a fair idea of how Django can be so helpful. Top companies around the world use Django for their applications, highlighting the significance of Django. This includes Mozilla, NASA, Instagram, Pinterest, Dropbox, and many more. The market is full of Django opportunities, yet only a few people are available; hence Django people easily get the upper hand.
Moreover, cloud service providers such as AWS have a dedicated service to host Django applications called Elastic Beanstalk which provides managed Apache server, PostgreSQL, Load Balancer, and AutoScaling for Heavy Load applications. The Django REST Framework allows developers to expose Django applications as APIs for consumption by third-party software.
Python is the single most important prerequisite for learning Django. More specifically, Concepts related to Class, Inheritance, Functions, and Data Structures (Lists, Dictionaries, Tuples) should be obvious because the entire Django framework revolves around Classes and Functions.
Django is extremely rapid in development, scalable and flexible in design, and highly secure and reliable. The vast Django community solves any problem you might face during Django development. If you practice and master the basic concepts of Django, then you can build Production-Ready web applications in a matter of a few days.
We hope that this EDUCBA information on “Django Framework” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.