Difference Between C++ and Go
C++ is an object-oriented and general-purpose programming language. It is used mostly for system programming, embedded programming, and largely complex systems. It has been the third most used programming language after Java and C. GO is a programming language. It has static, strong and structural typed discipline. Go programming language is open-source. It supports multiple cross-platform operating systems such as Windows, Linux, Macintosh OS, etc.
It is procedural, multi-paradigm, functional and first appeared in the year 1985. It was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup and was started developing at Bell Labs. The file name extensions are like .c, .cc, .cpp, .c++, .h, .hh, .hpp etc.C++ was standardized by the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) with the latest version published in the year 2017. Many programming languages like Java, C# were influenced by C++.
GO is a programming language that was created at Google in the year 2009. It was designed and developed by Rob Pike, Ken Thompson, and Robert Griesemer. Go programming language is an open-source and was licensed under the BSD license. Like C++ and Java, Go supports statically typing and scalability in the case of large systems. It was traditionally inspired by the C language. It has simplicity and safety in terms of syntax and programming features.
Head To Head Comparison Between C++ and Go (Infographics)
Below is the top 9 difference between C++ vs Go
Key differences between C++ and Go
Both are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major difference:
- C++ is a middle-level language that is being run on various cross-platform operating systems such as Windows, UNIX, Macintosh OS, etc., whereas Go programming language is often called Golang which is having procedural, object-oriented, concurrent and multi-paradigm features, etc.
- C++ supports data hiding, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism and also has main core components like Standard Template LibraryC++ Standard Template Library(STL) whereas Go supports environment support features like that of dynamic languages.
- C++ supports portability which has ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standard which is being supported by the major C++ IDE manufacturers whereas Go has different data types such as Boolean, String, Numeric, Derived, etc.
- C++ supports different operators such as Arithmetic Operators, Logical Operators, Bitwise Operators, Relational Operators, Assignment Operators, and Miscellaneous Operators whereas Go supports all the same operators as existing in C++.
- C++ supports Files and Streams, Exception Handling, Dynamic memory, Namespaces, Templates, Pre-processors, and Multi-threading, etc., whereas Go supports inbuilt concurrency feature with channels and lightweight processes.
- C++ has features such as Namespaces, References, Templates, implicit method overloading whereas Go has different features like Pointers, Structures, Slice, Range, Maps, Recursion, Functions, Interfaces, Type Embedding and Error Handling along with fast compilation process.
- In C++, calling a method will be decided at compile time whereas in Objective C, calling a method will be decided at runtime whereas Go has beneficial features like operator overloading (indirectly and does not support), type inheritance, assertions, generic programming, circular dependencies across different packages and pointer arithmetic.
- In C++, objects are null and cannot be handled safely in all cases where a dereference is used, then a Run Time error will be thrown whereas Go programming language has error handling features like handling simplified repetitive errors by implementing type checking and error structs to avoid errors during runtime.
- In C++, operator overloading is supported and is more portable and simple whereas Go programming language does not support operator overloading as it will increase complexity and the same can be implemented over structures to avoid complexity by using pointer receivers.
- In C++, the memory is allocated during runtime at the heap of the objects whereas Go programming language has memory allocations over Heap, Stack, and Data Segments and also uses garbage collection that in turn improves the performance of the programs or applications.
- In C++, class objects are declared normally and are similar to that of general object-oriented programming languages whereas Go has struct types rather than classes for creating and managing data in objects and has access modifiers to control the access to and from objects and its’ attributes.
- In C++, the Standard Library contains two parts which are Standard Function Library and Object-Oriented Class Library whereas Go does have any feature like an object but it just checks the data type of structure defined called ‘struct’.
C++ vs Go Comparison Table
The primary comparison are discussed below:
|The basis of comparison||C++||Go|
|Design||It was designed to be object-oriented and procedural||It was designed and influenced by the C programming language with simple features.|
|Inheritance||It allows multiple inheritances||It does not allow multiple inheritances as it does not support a class-based declaration|
|Optimization||It provides SIMD optimizations during its compilation process||It does not provide optimizations in its compiler|
|Classes||Structs and classes are the same in C++||Go does not support class-based declaration but instead has Interfaces to support objects|
|License||It is open source project 2.0||It is licensed under the BSD license|
|Type||It is static typing||It is static and strong typing discipline|
|Polymorphism||Parametric polymorphism in C++ is checked at compile time||Polymorphism does not exist in the Go programming language|
|Boolean Operators||C++ uses true, false and bool||Go has logical operators instead of boolean|
|Templates||C++ has STL (Standard Template Library) libraries||Go does not have template libraries|
C++ is a programming language mostly used for hardware programming and embedded devices nowadays and also being used in most system programming where the large software systems can be developed. Go is mostly used for the development of large software systems especially inside Google to develop and maintain in-house projects whereas C++ is open source and can be used for most of the hardware and embedded applications but lacks insecurity in the usage of programming features and data being managed.
C++ is being used for most of the desktop applications development by Microsoft and most of the modern applications. Objective C is used to develop Swift applications. Go programming language can be used to write code and maintain infrastructure and platform-level tools and applications. I hope now you must have got a fairer idea of both C++ vs Go. Stay tuned to our blog for more articles like these.
This has been a guide to the top differences between C++ vs Go. Here we also discuss the key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
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