Differences Between C++ vs Objective C
C++ is an object-oriented and general-purpose programming language. It is used mostly for system programming, embedded programming, and largely complex systems. The file name extensions are like .c, .cc, .cpp, .c++, .h, .hh, .hpp etc. Many programming languages like Java, C# were influenced by C++. It has been the third most used programming language after Java and C. The objective is also an object-oriented and general-purpose programming language plus Small talk style messaging to C programming language. It is both static and dynamic typed programming language.
It is procedural, multi-paradigm, functional and first appeared in the year 1985. It was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup and was started developing at Bell Labs C++ was standardized by the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) with the latest version published in the year 2017. C++ has features such as Namespaces, References, Templates, implicit method overloading
It is reflective, class-based and was designed by Brad Cox and Tom Love in a company named Stepstone and first appeared in the year 1984. It supports cross-platform applications and was influenced by Small talk and C programming language. Objective C is a superset of C programming language. The file extensions normally include .m or .h depending on whether it is a program file or a header file.
C++ vs Objective C Infographics
Below is the top 9 difference between C++ vs Objective C
Key Differences between C++ vs Objective C
Both C++ vs Objective C are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Differences Between C++ vs Objective C:
- C++ is a middle-level language that is being run on various cross-platform operating systems such as Windows, UNIX, Macintosh OS, etc. whereas Objective C is general-purpose object-oriented programming language used by Apple in its operating systems and APIs Cocoa etc.
- C++ supports data hiding, encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism and also has main core components like Standard Template Library (STL) whereas Objective C also supports the same features as C++ except for STL and includes foundational frameworks.
- C++ supports portability which has ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standard which is being supported by the major C++ IDE manufacturers whereas Objective C has different data types, tokens to recognize the identifiers, declarations and assignments and pre-processor to define constants.
- C++ supports different operators such as Arithmetic Operators, Logical Operators, Bitwise Operators, Relational Operators, Assignment Operators, and Miscellaneous Operators and Objective C also supports the same operators and pre-processors which are not the part of the compilation process.
- C++ supports Files and Streams, Exception Handling, Dynamic memory, Namespaces, Templates, Pre-processors, and Multi-threading, etc. whereas Objective C supports Posing, Extensions, Dynamic Binding, Protocols, Composite Objects, Memory Management, and Enumerations.
- C++ has features such as Namespaces, References, Templates, implicit method overloading whereas Objective C allows dynamic dispatch, auto-generation of accessors to access member variables and properties and allows a method and a name to share the same identifier.
- In C++, calling a method will be decided at compile time whereas in Objective C, calling a method will be decided at runtime and also Objective C has special features like adding or replacing methods like on a class that already exists.
- In C++, objects are null and cannot be handled safely in all cases where a dereference is used, then a Run-Time error will be thrown whereas Objective C has nil which can be safely handled in a powerful way by safely sending messages to nil objects.
- In C++, operator overloading is supported and is more portable and simple whereas Objective C does not support default parameters but can be implemented by multiple methods manipulation and also do not support private members.
- In C++, the memory is allocated during runtime at the heap of the objects whereas Objective C does not support stack-based memory objects and allocating memory in Objective C is very expensive and it plays a key role in writing successful programs for the delivery of efficient applications.
- In C++, class objects are declared normally and are similar to that of general object-oriented programming languages whereas Objective C has a composite object feature that has an embedded object inside an object, which means a private cluster object will be embedded into the main object along with some primitive methods.
- In C++, the Standard Library contains two parts which are Standard Function Library and Object-Oriented Class Library whereas Objective C has Fast Enumeration feature where collections are core components of this feature.
Head to Head comparison between C++ vs Objective C
Below is the topmost comparison between C++ vs Objective C
|Basis Of Comparison Between C++ vs Objective C||C++||Objective C|
|Design||It was designed to be object-oriented and procedural||It was designed to be object-oriented along with the Smalltalk messaging feature.|
|Inheritance||It allows multiple inheritances||It does not allow multiple inheritances|
|Paradigm||It uses methods to call the implemented functionalities||It uses messages to call the implemented functionalities as it was implemented based on Smalltalk messaging|
|Classes||Structs and classes are the same in C++||Structs and classes are treated differently in Objective C|
|License||It is open source project 2.0||It is licensed under GPL (General Public License)|
|Type||It is static typing||It is dynamic typing|
|Polymorphism||Parametric polymorphism in C++ is checked at compile time||Parametric polymorphism in Objective C is checked at compile time|
|Boolean Operators||C++ uses true, false and bool||C++ uses YES, NO and BOOL|
|Templates||C++ has STL (Standard Template Library) libraries||Objective C lacks template libraries|
Conclusion – C++ vs Objective C
C++ is a programming language mostly used for hardware programming and embedded devices nowadays and also being used in most system programming where the large software systems can be developed. Objective C is mostly used for the development of operating systems like OS X and iOS for Apple products like Mac or iPhone. Objective C is mostly used for Apple Operating Systems and is confined to Apple products development whereas C++ is open source and can be used for most of the hardware and embedded applications but lacks in security in the usage of programming features and data being managed.
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C++ is being used for most of the desktop applications development by Microsoft and most of the modern applications. Objective C is used to develop Swift applications.
This has been a guide to the top differences between C++ vs Objective C. Here we also discuss the C++ vs Objective C key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –