Updated October 9, 2023
Difference Between Python vs C++
Python vs C++ are the programming languages used for general purposes, but both Python and C++ languages differ in many ways. Both C++ and Python enjoy popularity, although Python is more widely used. Python is among the top 5 most popular programming languages in the world. C++ originates from the C language with multiple paradigms and provides the compilation feature. Python is a general-purpose and one of the high-level programming languages.
Table of Contents
- Difference Between Python vs C++
- Key Features of Python
- Key Features of C++
- Head-to-Head Comparison
- Key Differences
- Comparison Table
Key Features of Python
- Python is known for its simplicity due to its easy-to-read code.
- Python is an object-oriented programming language.
- Python consists of inbuilt constructs that have the feature of executing clear code on a small as well as large scale.
- Python is mainly a scripting language but serves many other purposes.
- Python has a standalone executable application with the help of some existing tools.
- Python has an inbuilt garbage collection and dynamic memory allocation process, enabling efficient memory management.
- Python provides the ability to ‘write once, run anywhere’, which enables it to run on all the operating systems that have Python installed.
- A variable can be used directly without its declaration while writing code in Python.
Key Features of C++
- In C++, a single program must be compiled on every operating system on which the code runs.
- C++ is prone to a memory leak as it does not provide garbage collection and uses pointers to a large extent.
- In C++, the developer needs to declare the data type before using it. Therefore, it is less ambiguous regarding what the codes do, and error handling becomes easier than in Python.
- C++ is also called an intermediate-level programming language developed using low-level and high-level language features.
- C++ also supports object-oriented functionalities like classes, operator overloading, multiple inheritances, virtual functions, exception handling, etc.
- C++, these days, is generally used for designing hardware.
Head-to-Head Comparison of Python vs C++ (Infographic)
Key Differences Between Python and C++
Below are the key differences between Python and C++:
- Python is a dynamically typed language, while C++ is a statically typed language.
- Python is generally easier to learn and use, with simpler syntax and dynamic memory allocation, while C++ offers more control over memory management and performance optimization.
- Python is commonly used for scripting, automation, web development, and data analysis, while C++ is often used for system programming, game development, and high-performance computing.
- Python has a large and active community, with extensive libraries and frameworks available, while C++ has a smaller but more specialized community and a powerful standard library.
- Python is often preferred for rapid prototyping and iterative development, while C++ is better suited for large-scale projects that require maximum performance and efficiency.
Python vs C++ Comparison Table
The comparison table below highlights the key differences between Python and C++.
|Easy to learn and read
|Slower than C++
|Faster than Python
|Automatic garbage collection
|Manual memory management
|Web development, data science, AI
|System programming, game development, high-performance computing
|Easy to learn and use
|Steep learning curve
|The average salary for Python developers is lower than for C++ developers.
|The average salary for C++ developers is higher than for Python developers.
|Easier to handle errors
|More complex error handling
|Limited support for multithreading
|Robust support for multithreading
|Large collection of libraries and modules
|Less number of libraries and modules
|High degree of code reusability
|Less code reusability
|Easy to debug
|More difficult to debug
|Can easily interface with other languages
|Can also interface with other languages, but with more effort
|Supports object-oriented programming
|Supports object-oriented programming with additional features
The decision of which language to learn or use will rely on one’s objectives, interests, and the kind of project. Both Python and C++ have benefits and limitations. While C++ is better suited for system-level programming, game development, and performance-critical applications, Python excels in web development, data science, and machine learning. Ultimately, it’s critical to comprehend the advantages and disadvantages of each language and select the one that best suits your requirements.
1. Should I learn C++ first or Python?
Answer: It ultimately depends on one’s goals and what one wants to achieve with programming. If you are interested in system-level programming, game development, or high-performance computing, learning C++ might be more beneficial. On the other hand, if the goal is building web applications, data science, or artificial intelligence, Python might be a better choice.
2. Is C++ harder than Python?
Answer: C++ is generally considered more difficult to learn than Python, as it has more complex syntax and requires more attention to detail. However, with dedication and practice, anyone can know and master either language.
3. What pays more, C++ or Python?
Answer: This varies depending on the industry and the specific job. However, in general, C++ developers tend to make more money than Python developers, as C++ is often used for more complex and performance-critical applications. The average salary of a C++ developer is $118,007 per year, while a Python developer’s is $111,766 per year.
4. Which is better for the future, Python or C++?
Answer: Both languages have their advantages and will probably remain significant in the future. While C++ continues to be a vital language for system-level programming, game development, and high-performance computing, Python is becoming more and more popular for data science, machine learning, and web development.
This is an EDUCBA guide to the difference between Python vs C++. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information on this topic: