Updated May 11, 2023
Difference Between Node.js vs Nginx
Nginx is a free and open-source web server software based on an event-driven architecture developed by Nginx Inc. The original author of Nginx is Igor Sysoev. The creators used the primary programming language, C, to create Nginx. You can utilize Nginx as a load balancer, HTTP cache, mail proxy, or reverse proxy in a server. It is compatible with various operating systems, including Windows, IBM AIX, HP-UX, macOS, Linux, Solaris, etc. The software is licensed under the 2-clause BSD License. Nginx was initially released in 2004.
Head to Head Comparison Between Node.js vs Nginx (Infographics)
Below is the top 8 difference between Node.js vs Nginx:
Key Differences between Node.js and Nginx
Both Node.js vs Nginx are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Differences Between Nginx and Node.js:
- In Node.js, a simple event-driven programming model exists to finish the task using call-back functions, whereas Nginx uses an event-driven mechanism rather than threads to handle multiple requests.
- Nginx can handle many concurrent user requests with a low memory capacity of around 2.5MB.
- In Node.js, package management exists to use the different packages hosted on the npm site to use it by importing in applications projects. In contrast, Nginx can handle static files, auto-indexing, index files, and reverse proxy with caching.
- In Node.js, the server runtime environment can be combined with a browser that supports different JSON databases. In contrast, Nginx supports load balancing, including health checks, and virtual servers based on Name and IP addresses.
- In Node.js, the runtime environment registers with the existing operating system, which provides notifications in case of any failure in callback functions. On the other hand, Nginx has upgradable features that allow updates without losing connection with the client. Additionally, Nginx supports various mailing features such as SMTP, POP3, IMAP, and has TSL/SSL support. It is also compatible with IPv6.
- In Node.js, the performance is an issue regarding concurrent users where the response rate will be low in case of heavy load or concurrent user requests. In contrast, Nginx’s primary goal is to outperform the Apache web server in terms of performance, especially in the case of heavy load and sizeable concurrent user requests.
- In Node.js, its design is single-threaded, which allows only a single thread to handle concurrent requests, and it cannot make synchronous calls.
- In Node.js, a file serving content over a web page consumes much CPU memory compared to the same file in Nginx. In Nginx, the CPU memory consumption is significantly less for the same file in Node.js, which indicates the saver in terms of memory.
Node.js vs Nginx Comparison Table
Below is the topmost comparison between Node.js vs Nginx.
|Basis Of Comparison||
|Response Time||It takes more time for large user requests to load.||It takes less time for large user requests in terms of seconds.|
|Concurrency||It takes more time to respond to concurrent user requests.||It takes lesser time to respond to concurrent user requests.|
|Throughput||Throughput is low for Node.js||Throughput is high for Node.js|
|Performance||It works on a V8 engine and provides good performance||The intention behind its creation is to overcome the performance limitations of the Apache server.|
|Transaction Rate||The transaction Rate is less||Transaction Rate is more|
|User Rankings||Node.js has less user ranking||Nginx has a number of user rankings|
Node.js is a JS runtime environment that is also an HTTP server with some event-driven features and has many drawbacks in terms of concurrency and high load or user requests to handle a large number of users concurrently. Nginx has the best performance in this case and provides the best performance. Nginx is a fast web server that supports routing, static content, etc., in an objectively shorter time to give a more excellent user experience.
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