**Excel MODE Function (Table of Contents)**

## MODE in Excel

- MODE Function is a Pre-built function in excel that is categorized under STATISTICAL function.
- From excel 2010 onwards, MODE FUNCTION is replaced by MODE.SNGL & MODE.MULT.
- In an excel cell, if you start entering MODE formula, three variations will appear. (Explained about MODE.SNGL & MODE.MULT in examples)
- A MODE Function in Excel is the measures of central tendency (central tendency means a center of a group of numbers in a statistical distribution).
- MODE Function can be used as a worksheet function & in VBA.

**Definition**

Returns the most frequently occurring or repetitive value in a range of data or an array.

### MODE Formula in Excel

Below is the MODE Formula in Excel :

### Explanation of MODE Function in Excel

The MODE Formula in Excel has a below-mentioned argument :

**number1 (compulsory OR required argument) –**Arrays of cell reference or numeric values (set of one or more numeric values) for which we have to calculate the mode.**number2 (Optional OR not required) –**Arrays of cell reference or numeric values (set of one or more numeric values) for which we have to calculate the mode.

**Note: 255 numbers can be supplied as separate arguments**.

MODE.SNGL function returns a single mode & considers first repetitive numeric value whereas MODE.MULT function returns an array of all of the modes. MODE.MULT returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data & return more than one result if there are multiple modes & if it is entered as an array formula (Note: If the MODE.MULT formula is not entered as an array formula, then it returns single result as 8 similar to MODE.SNGL function).

To return a horizontal array, transpose function is added along with MODE.MULT function i.e. **TRANSPOSE(MODE.MULT(number1,number2,…))**

**How to Use the MODE Function in Excel?**

MODE Function in Excel is very simple and easy to use. Let understand the working of MODE Function in Excel by some MODE Formula example.

### Example #1 – MODE.SNGL Function

In the below-mentioned example, Table contains the Name of the student in column B (B8 to B24) & score of each student (C8 to C24). Here, I need to find out most frequently occurring or repetitive score or value in a range of data by using MODE.SNGL FUNCTION.

Let’s apply MODE.SNGL function in cell “C26”. Select the cell “C26” where MODE.SNGL function needs to be applied.

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Click the insert function button (fx) under formula toolbar, a dialog box will appear, Type the keyword “MODE” in the search for a function box, three options appear in select a function box i.e. MODE, MODE.SNGL & MODE.MULT. The MODE function is used for excel 2007 & earlier version. So, you need to select MODE.SNGL function. Double click on MODE.SNGL function.

A dialog box appears where arguments for MODE.SNGL function needs to be filled or entered i.e. =MODE(number1, [number2], …

**=MODE.SNGL (C8**:**C24)** Here the score data is present in the range (C8 to C24) for which we need to apply MODE.SNGL function.

To enter Number 1 argument, click inside cell C8 and you’ll see the cell selected, then Select the cells till C24. So that column range will get selected i.e. C8: C24. Click ok.

After entering the number1 argument. =MODE(C8:C24) i.e. returns the most frequently occurring or repetitive score or value 55 as the result in the cell C26.

### Example #2 – MODE.MULT

MODE.MULT returns more than one result if there are multiple modes if it is entered as an array formula. Let’s check out this with a below-mentioned example.

In the below-mentioned Table, it contains Name of the student in the Name column (G8 to G24) & score of each student (H8 to H24). Here, I need to find out most frequently occurring or repetitive score in a range of data by using MODE.MULT FUNCTION.

Here we need a repetitive score for more than one occurrence i.e. MULTIMODE, so we need to use the array formula where array formula performs an operation on multiple values instead of a single value. Therefore, select cells from J12 TO J14, where MODE.MULT is applied.

Let’s apply MODE.MULT function Click the insert function button (fx) under formula toolbar, a dialog box will appear, Type the keyword “MODE.MULT” in the search for a function box, So, you need to select MODE.MULT function to select a function box. Double click on MODE.MULT function.

A dialog box appears where arguments for MODE.MULT function needs to be filled or entered =MODE.MULT(number1, [number2],

**= MODE.MULT (H8**:**H24)** Here the score data is present in the range (H8 to H24) for which we need to apply MODE.MULT function.

To enter Number 1 argument, click inside cell H8 and you’ll see the cell selected, then Select the cells till H24. So that column range will get selected i.e. H8:H24. Click ok.

Result is :

After entering the number1 argument.

To apply an array formula, first I have to highlight the range of cells for the function result i.e. from H8 TO H24. To highlight click on formula toolbar. So that automatically the range H8 TO H24 & J12 to J14 cells gets selected for an array.

Click Ctrl + Shift + Enter so that output values of MODE.MULT returns in the cell J12 to J14.

Array formula applied will appear as** {=MODE.MULT(H8:H24)}** where MODE.MULT in the formula bar is encased in curly braces { }.

MODE.MULT return more than one result. i.e. 83, 44 & 55.

**Things to Remember About the MODE Function in Excel**

- Number arguments can be either of them i.e. names, numbers, references or arrays.
- If a reference or array argument contains any empty cells, text and logical values, those values are ignored. (
**Note:**It will consider cells with zero value) - If the data set values don’t contain any duplicate values or data points, MODE.SNGL results in or returns #N/A error i.e. No mode.

No repetitive number is found in the below-mentioned data range (A3 TO A9).

The Result will be :

- If the data set values contain any non-numeric values or data points, those values are ignored by MODE.SNGL & returns a #VALUE! error.

The Result will be :

- Combination of range & numeric values argument in MODE Function, in Excel mode Function we can combine range & numeric values argument such as A3:A12 (RANGE) + 3, 7 (Numeric values) to get the desired output. In the below-mentioned example, it returns most frequently occurring number i.e. 3 formula used:
**=MODE.SNGL(A3:A12,3,7)**

The Result will be :

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