Introduction To Junit Interview Questions And Answers
Junit is a platform to do unit testing for Java programming language. It is an important framework for test-driven development on Java. Junit is linked to JAR during compile time. It is the most commonly used external testing library for Java language.
Now, if you are looking for a job that is related to Junit then you need to prepare for the 2021 Junit Interview Questions. It is true that every interview is different as per the different job profiles but still to clear the interview you need to have a good and clear knowledge of Junit. Here, we have prepared the important Junit Interview Questions and Answers which will help you get success in your interview.
In this 2021 Junit Interview Questions article, we shall present 10 most important and frequently used Junit interview questions. These questions will help students build their concepts around Junit and help them ace the interview.
Part 1 – Junit Interview Questions (Basic)
This first part covers basic Questions and Answers
Q1. Describe the important features of the JUnit framework?
Important features of Junit are mentioned below −
- Junit is an open-source framework.
- It Provides annotation function to identify the suitable test methods.
- It provides assertions function to test the expected results.
- It provides test runners for running tests during development.
- JUnit tests could be run automatically, and it can check its own results and also provide immediate feedback on code.
- JUnit tests are organized into test suites that contain test cases and other test suites applications.
- JUnit shows test progress if it is green then a test is going fine and if it turns red when a test fails.
Q2. Mention best practices to write a Unit Test Case in Junit?
A well-written unit test case is the one that has an input and an expected output, which is computed before the test is executed. The known input test any precondition. the expected output tests a postcondition. It is recommended that there should be two-unit test cases for each requirement. one of them being a positive test and another negative test. If a requirement has other sub-requirements, then each sub-requirement should also have at least two test cases similar to above i.e. positive and negative.
Let us move to the next Junit Interview Questions.
Q3. What do you understand by a fixture?
The fixture is a set of objects of a fixed state that is used as a baseline for running tests. The objective of a test fixture is to make sure that there is a well known and fixed environment to run tests so that results can be repeated.
It includes the following two methods −
- setUp() method – it runs before every test is called.
- tearDown() method – it runs after every test method is called.
Q4. What do you understand by JUnit classes? List some of Junit classes.
This is the most common Junit Interview Questions asked in an interview. JUnit classes are those classes which are used in writing and testing Junit programs. Some of the important Junit classes are mentioned below −
- Assert – A set of assert methods.
- TestCase − A test case that defines the fixture to run multiple tests.
- TestResult − It contains methods that collect the results after a test case is executed.
- TestSuite − It is an aggregate of Junit tests.
Q5. How does the execution procedure of the Junit test work as API methods?
JUnit execution procedure works as described below −
- The method annotated as @BeforeClass executes only once and first of all.
- A method annotated as @AfterClass executes only once and at the last.
- Before executing the test, the case method annotated as @Before executes for each test case, runs.
- The method annotated as @After executes for each test case but it runs after the execution of a test case.
- In between those two methods annotated as @Before and method annotated as @After each test case executes.
Part 2 – Junit Interview Questions (Advanced)
Let us now have a look at the advanced Interview Questions.
Q6. How to create Parameterized tests?
There are five steps to create Parameterized tests−
- First, the test class is annotated with @RunWith which is a Parameterized.class.
- Then create a public static method that is annotated with @Parameters. it returns a Collection of Objects as test data set.
- Next, create a public constructor which takes in one row of test data.
- Create an instance variable that is for each column of the test data row.
- Create test case(s) using the instance variables as a source of the test data.
- The test case invokes once per each row of data.
Q7. Name some Junit extensions?
Following are some of the JUnit extensions −
Let us move to the next Junit Interview Questions.
Q8. What are the Cactus extensions? And what are its common components?
Cactus is a simple test framework. It is for unit testing server-side java code such as servlets, EJBs and Tag Libs. The idea of Cactus is to minimize the cost of writing tests on server-side code. It uses Junit internally and extends the same. The way cactus implements are through an in-container strategy.
Cactus Ecosystem is made of many components −
- Cactus Framework is the core of Cactus. To write Cactus tests, it has an API.
- Cactus Integration Modules is another component which are front ends and frameworks that provide quicker ways of using the Cactus Framework be it Ant scripts or Eclipse plugin or Maven plugin.
Q9. What do you understand by JWebUnit? And what are its advantages?
This is the most popular Junit Interview Questions asked in an interview. WebUnit is also a Java-based testing framework to test web applications. It wraps around existing testing frameworks to allow quick testing of web applications and comes with a unified, simple testing interface.
To verify the correctness of an application, JWebUnit provides a high-level Java API to test a web application along with a set of assertions. This includes navigation through links and forms entry and submission. It also involves validation of table contents and other usual business web application features. The easy navigation methods that come with ready-to-use assertions allow for more rapid test creation than using Junit or HtmlUnit only. And if switching from HtmlUnit to other plugins such as Selenium are needed there should be no need to rewrite tests.
10. What is XMLUnit? What is the use of supporting classes in XMLUnit?
XMLUnit is used as a single JUnit extension class, XMLTestCase, and a set of supporting classes.
Supporting classes assertions are made about following−
- The distinction between two pieces of XML such as through Diff and DetailedDiff classes.
- The validation of a piece of XML through the Validator class.
- The result of transforming a piece of XML using XSLT through Transform class.
- The evaluation of an XPath expression from an XML through classes that implement the XPath engine interface.
- Individual nodes in a piece of XML which are exposed by DOM Traversal through Node Test class.
This has been a guide to List Of Junit Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these Interview Questions easily. Here in this post, we have studied top Junit Interview Questions which are often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –