Updated June 21, 2023
Difference Between Go and Java
Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language. Being an open-source language for programming, Go makes it easy to build reliable, simple, and efficient software. Go makes use of goroutines in place of threads. It’s a waste variety of features that makes Go very prominent. Java is a computer programming language used for general purposes and is class-based, concurrent, and object-oriented. Java is specially designed to include very few implementation dependencies. JVM, or Java Virtual Machine, runs Java applications. It is one of the most prominent and famous programming languages today. Java is a language for programming that develops software for several platforms.
Let us study much more about GO and Java in detail:
- A compiled code or bytecode on Java application can run on most operating systems, including Linux, Mac, and Linux. Most of the syntax of Java is derived from the C++ and C languages.
- Developed in the 1990s by James A. Gosling, Java facilitates object intercommunication by internet users and GUI (Graphical User Interface) by producing browser-run programs or applets. To develop a program in Java, we need an SDK or Software development kit that usually consists of an interpreter, documentation generator, compiler, and other tools to develop a well-functioning application.
- Being an Object-Oriented Programming Language, Java develops the OOP application relatively easier than Go and other programming languages. Java advances the extensibility and flexibility of the system and makes it modular. Java Doesn’t have many implementation dependencies.
- Network portability is a feature of Java programs. Java objects don’t include any references to outside data. Executing on the client instead of the server enables Java-based websites and applications to run faster than any other programming language. To ensure proper functionality, you must install Java for Java-based websites and applications on your device.
- Go is typed compiled language statically. It was created by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson, and Rob Pike in 2009. This language offers garbage collection, concurrency of CSP-style, memory safety, and structural typing.
Head To Head Comparison Between Go and Java (Infographics)
Below is the top 8 difference between Go vs Java Performance
Key Differences Between GO and Java
Both Go vs Java Performance are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference:
- Both Java vs Go deal with totally different niches.
- Go’s pointers are limited to arrays and objects; they can offer pointers to any value.
- Go doesn’t use exceptions to display events like run-time and end-of-life; instead, it uses errors to display such events.
- Go is basically compiled to machine code, unlike
- Java supports omission checks to handle and trap errors.
- To provide first-class functions and does not the conversion of implicit type.
- Go provides garbage collection. However, like Java, it does not support a full GC.
- Function overloading is not allowed on Go. It is necessary to have unique names for Methods and functions.
- Java has no primitive unsigned numeric types. This is what makes Java unsuitable for programming at a low level.
- Namespace in Java does not tell the source file location.
- Go provides built-in data types like maps and slices, some generic functions like copy and append, etc.
- Java only allows source files that have a public class inside them.
- Go provides lightweight thread routines which run on OS threads.
- Java is ranked 18th on the list of best programming languages. At the same time, Go is ranked 8th.
- Go supports complex numbers as it has built-in support for that.
- Java vs Go both have a different take on polymorphism. Java allows polymorphism by default. Whereas Go does not.
- Google completely handles the API of Go.
- An open community process controls Java API.
- Java uses virtual methods by default.
- Java does not allow operator overloading, which makes it more hassle-free.
Go vs Java Comparison Table
The primary Comparison between Go vs Java is discussed below:
The Basis Of Comparison
|Architecture||Go does not provide any VM, such as Java JVM. This language only compiles to metal like c++/c.||It combines both the interpretation and compilation approach. Java Virtual Machine interprets bytecode. Machine code is generated by JVM and executed by the Java program’s system.|
|Language||It is an independent programming language with at least two compilers, such as GCC and Go.||Java is an independent language.|
|Expression Syntax||The syntax on Go is specified using the extended Backus-Naur Form (EBNF).||The syntax is the same everywhere – independent of an IDE or a compiler|
|Mobile Support||The Go mobile subrepository includes mobile support for platforms like iOS and Android and offers tools for building mobile apps.||Depends upon the device manufacturers.|
|Routing||Uses HTTP protocol for routing configuration||Uses Akka.routing.ConsistentHashingRouter and Akka.routing.ScatterGatherFirstCompletedRouter for routing configuration|
|Dependency Injection||Uses dependency injection||It uses dependency injection and allows modification|
|Structure||Easily manageable||Better structure, user-friendly, easier to create and maintain large applications.|
|Speed||Relatively faster than Java||Java is slower than Go|
Google engineers composed Go to provide fast responses and development, offer improved support for modern computing methods and enable more understandable code for humans compared to other system languages such as C or C++. If you are a C or C++ developer, at that point, you will presumably discover GO much superior to any semblance of it. Java derives most of its syntax from C++ and C, with C significantly influencing both languages. However, Java features less low-level facilities than C or C++. C# is simply a multi-paradigm programming language.
It is dependent upon the C programming language. C# or C sharp was developed for Microsoft for its .NET Framework. Java enables the programmer to run the same code on various platforms. So, applications based on Java usually compile to bytecode. Java became one of the most famous programming languages by 2012.
Especially in the platform of the client-server web application. Both Go vs Java have the capacities; however, they are marginally unique when analyzed through. In Java, on the off chance that somebody is alluding to a function, they are really alluding to the particular body of the code, which incorporates the name and the parameters as opposed to only the function itself. So also, if people mention the function inside the class, it refers to the function, which is a part or technique sometimes.
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