Difference Between Go and Java
Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language. Being an open-source language for programming, Go makes it easy to build reliable, simple, and efficient software. Go makes use of goroutines in the place of threads. It’s a waste variety of features that makes Go very prominent. Java is a computer programming language used for general purposes and is class-based, concurrent, and object-oriented. Java is specially designed to include very few implementation dependencies. Java Applications run on JVM (Java Virtual Machine). It is one of the most prominent and famous programming languages today. Java is a language for programming that develops software for several platforms.
Let us study much more about GO and Java in detail:
- A compiled code or bytecode on Java application can run on most of the operating systems including Linux, Mac operating system, and Linux. Most of the syntax of Java is derived from the C++ and C languages.
- Developed in the 1990s by James A. Gosling, Java facilitates object intercommunication by internet users and GUI (Graphical User Interface) by producing browser-run programs or applets. To develop a program in Java, we need an SDK or Software development kit that usually consists of an interpreter, documentation generator, compiler, and different other tools that are utilized to develop a well-functioning application.
- Being an Object-Oriented Programming Language, Java develops the OOP application relatively easier than Go and other programming languages. Java advances the extensibility and flexibility of the system and makes it modular. Java Doesn’t have many implementation dependencies.
- Java Programs offer portability in the network. Java objects do not consist of any reference to external data. It is being executed on the client instead of the server that enables it to run faster than any other programming language. Moreover, Java-based websites and applications will not work until and unless Java is installed on your device.
- Go is typed statically compiled language. It was created by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson, and Rob Pike in 2009. This language offers garbage collection, concurrency of CSP-style, memory safety, and structural typing.
Head To Head Comparison Between Go and Java (Infographics)
Below is the top 8 difference between Go vs Java Performance
Key Differences Between GO and Java
Both Go vs Java Performance are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference:
- Both Java vs Go deal with totally different niches.
- Go’s pointers are just limited to arrays and objects, they can offer pointers to any type of values.
- Go doesn’t use exceptions to display events like run-time and end-of-life, instead, it uses errors to display such events.
- Go is basically compiled to machine code, unlike
- Java supports omission checks to handle and trap errors.
- To provide first-class functions and does not the conversion of implicit type.
- Go provides garbage collection. However, like Java, it does not support a full GC.
- Function overloading is not allowed on Go. It is necessary to have unique names of Methods and functions.
- Java has no primitive unsigned numeric types. This is what makes Java unsuitable for programming of low level.
- Namespace in Java does not tell the source file location.
- Go provides built-in data types like maps and slices, some generic functions like copy and append etc.
- Java only allows source files that have a public class inside it.
- Go provides lightweight thread routines which run on OS threads.
- Java is ranked 18th on the list of best programming languages. Whereas, Go is ranked on the 8th.
- Go supports complex numbers as it has built-in support for that.
- Java vs Go both have a different take on polymorphism. Java allows polymorphism by default. Whereas, Go does not.
- The API of Go is completely handled by Google.
- Java API is controlled by an open community process.
- Java uses virtual methods by default.
- Java does not allow operator overloading, which makes it more hassle-free.
Go vs Java Comparison Table
The primary Comparison between Go vs Java are discussed below:
The Basis Of Comparison
|Architecture||Go does not provide any VM such as Java JVM. This language only compiles to metal like c++/c.||It combines both interpretation and compilation approach. Bytecode is interpreted by Java Virtual Machine. Machine code generated by JVM and executed by the system in which Java program runs.|
|Language||It is an independent programming language and has at least two compilers such as gccgo and go.||Java is an independent language.|
|Expression Syntax||The syntax on Go is specified by the use of extended Backus-Naur Form (EBNF).||Syntax the same everywhere – independent of an IDE or a compiler|
|Mobile Support||The Go mobile subrepository includes mobile support for mobile platforms like iOS and Android and offer tools for building mobile apps.||Depends upon the device manufacturers.|
|Routing||Uses HTTP protocol for routing configuration||Uses Akka.routing.ConsistentHashingRouter and Akka.routing.ScatterGatherFirstCompletedRouter for routing configuration|
|Dependency Injection||Uses dependency injection||Uses dependency injection and allows modification|
|Structure||Easily manageable||Better structure, user- friendly, easier to create and maintain large applications.|
|Speed||Relatively faster than Java||Java is slower than Go|
Go was composed by Google engineers and was really created to give quick reactions and advancement, much better help for present-day processing methods, and a much clear human-unmistakable code than different frameworks languages like C or C++. In the event that you are a C or C++ developer, at that point, you will presumably discover GO much superior to any semblance of it. Java basically being influenced by C language, derives most of its syntax from C++ and C. However, Java features less low-level facilities than C or C++. C# is simply a multi-paradigm programming language.
It is dependent upon C programming language. C# or C sharp was developed for Microsoft for its .NET Framework. Java enables the programmer to run the same code on various platforms. So, applications based on Java usually compile to bytecode. Java turned out to be one of the most famous programming languages by 2012.
Especially in the platform of the client-server web application. Both Go vs Java have the capacities however they are marginally unique when analyzed through. In Java, on the off chance that somebody is alluding to a function, they are really alluding to the particular body of the code, which incorporates the name, and the parameters as opposed to only the function itself. So also, if people mention the function inside the class, its really referred to the function which is a part or even a technique sometimes.
This has been a guide to the top differences between Go vs Java. Here we also discuss the key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following Go vs Java articles to learn more –