Updated February 16, 2023
What is the Full Form of IPS?
The full form of IPS is Indian Police Service and is one of the three arms of All India Sevices of the Indian Government.
Lakhs of aspirants prepare to emerge as IPS to serve their nation. The prestige of being an Indian Police Service Officer is impeccable and attracts hard workers from around the country.
History and Constitution
Replacing the Indian Imperial Police set by Britishers, the Indian Police Service set itself in October 1948 post-independence.
Article 312 of the Indian constitution 1950 constituted it as one of the three All India Services besides IAS and IFS.
Regulated by the Ministry of Home Affairs, IPS is one of the world’s most highly respectable and rigorous jobs.
Responsibilities of an IPS
Becoming an Indian Police Service Officer is a noble stature that requires the officer to fulfill the utmost necessary duties, which include:
- To maintain law and order and prevention of criminal activities at district, city , and state levels.
- Head and command Indian Intelligence Agencies like R&AW, IB, CID, etc.
- Command and lead Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF)
- Head the policy-making departments in various State and Central ministries.
- Participate in the public sector taking at both state and center levels.
- Maintain the highest coordination with other All India Services, the prime by the Indian Armed Forces(IAF)
- Practice utmost professionalism
- The officers participate in disaster management to handle border safety responsibilities.
- Serve as the senior leader of the state and central police forces.
As of 2023, IPS recruitment occurs through three processes:
- Merit holders in the three-stage Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC.
- Shortlisted candidates in the two-stage Limited Competitive Examination conducted by UPSC join as Indian Police Service.
- State-level promoted service officers get to become Indian Police Service Officers.
Indian Police Service Training
All shortlisted candidates undergo rigorous probationary training of 2.5 years in two renowned institutes:
- Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie(LBSNAA,) for a three-month foundation course
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Nation Police Academy, Hyderabad(SVPNPA), for the rest of the training.
A successful training period confirms the IPS service. Moreover, Mid Career Training, mandated for every IPS officer, occurs throughout one’s service.
Designations & Pay Structure of IPS officers
|Pay Scale Range (Rs)
|Superindent of Police
|Deputy Inspector General Police
|Inspector-General of Police
|Additional Director General of Police
|Deputy-General of Police
Eligibility of an Indian Police Service Officer
The prime route for the youth to become Indian Police Service Officer is clearing UPSC with the highest merit.
|Minimum Age Limit
|Upper Age Limit
|Former servicemen with at least five years of military service:
|A person with Benchmark Disability(PwBD)
|Note: A person belonging to SC/ST coming under Ex-Servicemen or PwVD quota can avail of a cumulative age-relaxation under both categories.
The Number of Allowed Attempts
The allowed number of attempts in CSE for different categories of students is:
- OBC: 9
- SC/ST: Unlimited
- PwBD General/EWS/OBC:9
- SC/ST: Unlimited
- A candidate who is a graduate/final-year student of a UGC-recognized institution. The final-year students must produce a qualifying certificate with their application for CSE Main Exam.
- Those with government-recognized technical and professional qualifications can also apply.
- MBBS-pass-outs who have not finished their internship can also apply for CSE Mains, provided they produce a completion certificate inclusive of internship at the time of the interview.
|General: 165 cm
|General: 150 cm
|● High-colour vision with no squint.
● Distant uncorrected vision: 6/6 or 6/9
● Distant corrected vision: 6/12 or 6/9
● Near vision (Uncorrected): J2
● Near vision (Corrected): J1
Skills in a Qualified IPS Officer
- Effective communication and negotiation skills for public-dealing
- Efficient decision-making with a quick, focused, and analytical mind
- Physical endurance to handle running and restraining the criminals
- The officer should have exceptional active listening skills for rapport formation with the public and victims.
Becoming an IPS is both a matter of prestige and hard work. Besides unique perks, an Indian Police Service Officer must be responsible and dedicated.
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