Updated July 5, 2023
Introduction to Frameworks in Java
Frameworks in Java are nothing but the bodies of pre-written code to which one can add code to solve domain-specific problems.
A framework is nothing but a platform or foundation that is used to develop software applications. For example – a Framework consists of defined functions, classes, etc. It helps developers to develop programs for different platforms. In short, Framework reduces the need for coding in the application. Usually, frameworks are referred to as numerous software development platforms. However, this term also describes a particular framework. For example – Java frameworks like Java Collections Framework (JCF), ZK, spring, etc.
Top 20 Java Framework List (2019)
Below are the top 20 frameworks that are making the life of developers easy.
1. Google Web Toolkit
Based on Java 8, Blade offers a style routing interface. People widely use this simple application framework for web development. It is a light MVC Framework that is easy to understand, and one can easily synchronize data with a website.
The Hibernate framework can’t be ignored when talking about the best Java frameworks in 2019. With the Hibernate Java framework, one can solve object-relational impedance incongruity problems. Distributed under the public 2.1 License of GNU Lesser Genera, Hibernate is a free framework.
4. Spring Framework
Because of its simple component and configurations, this framework helps developers easily develop Java applications. This framework works on the principle of inversion of control Design. It has numerous modules to achieve functionality in an application, such as Spring AOP, Spring core, etc. This is used for Enterprise Java, Web Application development, etc.
5. Java Server Faces (JSF)
Oracle developed it to develop web-based applications. Its MVC software design pattern easily defines the difference between representation and application logic.
Built upon Akka Toolkit, this framework offers great scalability, performance, and speed. Top companies worldwide, such as LinkedIn, Samsung, The Guardian, etc., use it.
Maintained by the Apache software foundation, Struts is an enterprise-level Java framework. It enables software developers to develop numerous enterprise-level Java applications. This framework is usefully used to develop web applications. This framework consists of classes and interfaces that can solve a particular problem.
Apache-based Java web application, Vaadin, is an open-source framework. Developers generally use the Vaadin framework to develop dynamic and complex internet-based applications. It enables developers to create an interactive, dynamic interface for the web. It offers a user-friendly interface to the developers.
This framework helps developers with opinionated APIs, sensible defaults, and convention-over-configuration. It offers excellent features such as Compile-time meta-programming, run-time and domain-specific languages, and asynchronous programming. It integrates easily with Java Virtual Machine. It is an object-oriented language for the Java platform. It is a web application framework whose syntax complies with JVM and is compatible with Java. It works excellently with Java technologies, even if it requires coding. It is a user-friendly framework that increases the productivity of the developer. This open-source web development framework anchored by the Groovy JVM programming is popular among Java developers. It is a dynamic framework for creating content management systems, e-commerce websites, etc.
Wicket is a component-oriented, open-source, server-side Java framework. It is one of the best frameworks for the web. There is a requirement for distorted HTML pages in this framework. With namespace, Wicket adopts HTML templates that follow XHTML standards.
The framework combines Angular, Reacts, and Springs boot into one application generator. One can develop a modern Java-based application and services with the help of JHipster.
The framework enables a user to work faster and easier with a relational (SQL) Data Base. It mediates between the database applications and fixes different architecture issues. It is similar to the Hibernate network as both help improve communication between the database and application layer.
This framework develops a lightweight user interface for Java Server Faces and Java EE applications. It requires zero configurations and is independent. It is considered a single JAR file. Many MNCs, educational institutes, and governments use it.
This framework is based on software project management. It is a comprehension and software management tool.
17. Spark Framework
It is used for Kotlin and Java Programming languages. With the help of this Microframework, one can easily develop many web applications, microservice, and REST APIs.
18. Apache Ant™
It is also used to build Java-based applications. Apache Ant consists of a Java library and command-line tool that helps drive processes described in build files.
With the help of this component-based Java framework, one can easily create web applications. It is architecturally similar to the wicket framework and JavaServer. Apache Software Foundation has developed a Tapestry framework.
20. Drop Wizard
It is a straightforward, high-performance framework that helps in developing web services. It is generally used to create Java microservice; this framework consists of well-established Java Libraries that offer a destruction-free and fast development platform. It consists of popular Java libraries such as Logback, Joda Time, Google Guava, Jetty Server, etc. It is considered an operation-friendly framework.
In the above script, we saw 20 top frameworks in 2019. This article gives information about what a framework is and 20 different frameworks. Before choosing this framework, it is important to do proper research to know which one is most suitable for programming. So many frameworks are available, but picking the suitable one that requires less coding is vital while programming.
This has been a guide to Frameworks in Java. Here we discussed the basic concept and list of the top 20 amazing frameworks in detail. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –