Current Assets Formula (Table of Contents)
 Current Assets Formula
 Examples of Current Assets Formula (With Excel Template)
 Current Assets Formula Calculator
Current Assets Formula
The term current assets will represent all the assets of the firm that are expected to be easily sold, utilized, consumed, or exhausted through the company’s or standard business operations which can lead to their conversion into cash value within the single year. Current assets in the face of balance sheet shall include the following: cash, accounts receivable, cash equivalents, marketable securities, prepaid liabilities, stock inventory, and other liquid assets.
The Formula for computing current assets will be as follow: (just a simple addition)
 Cash and cash equivalent
 Inventory
 Debtors and account receivables
 Prepaid assets
 Short term advances
 Other liquid assets
Examples of Current Assets Formula (With Excel Template)
Let’s take an example to understand the calculation of Current Assets formula in a better manner.
Current Assets Formula – Example #1
Following is an extract from ABC company Ltd which it has filed with regulators, let’s try to figure out current asset value from it.
Solution:
Current Assets is calculated using the formula given below
Current Assets = Cash + Cash Equivalents + Inventory + Account Receivables + Marketable Securities + Prepaid Expenses + Other Liquid Assets
 Current Assets = 20,000 + 30,000 + 10,000 + 3,000
 Current Assets = 63,000
Note: Fixed assets and goodwill will not form part of current assets as they are long term assets.
Current Assets Formula – Example #2
Following is the extract of assets total from google annual report as of 2016. Let’s try to figure out the total of current assets.
Solution:
Excluding the long term assets like Property and equipment, Intangible assets, Nonmarketable investments, goodwill, deferred income taxes and other noncurrent assets will yield us the current assets figure.
Current Assets is calculated using the formula given below
Current Assets = Cash + Cash Equivalents + Inventory + Account Receivables + Marketable Securities + Prepaid Expenses + Other Liquid Assets
 Current Assets = 12,918 + 268 + 14,137 + 73,415 + 95 + 4,575
 Current Assets = 1,05,408
Current Assets Formula – Example #3
Coming to the second practical example, we have extracted asset data from Berkshire Hathaway Inc. annual report filing which is under 10K. Calculate its current assets.
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Solution:
Here again, we would include only assets that have a life of 1 year and not more than that.
Hence we have excluded Property, plant and equipment, Goodwill, other intangible assets and Deferred charges and others.
Current Assets is calculated using the formula given below
Current Assets = Cash + Cash Equivalents + Inventory + Account Receivables + Marketable Securities + Prepaid Expenses + Other Liquid Assets
 Current Assets = 25,460 + 78,515 + 21,353 + 1,64,026 + 17,635 + 28,578 + 16,187
 Current Assets = 3,51,754
You can download this Current Assets Template here – Current Assets Formula Excel Template
Explanation of the Current Assets formula
Current assets are all the assets of the firm or of the company which are expected to be conveniently consumed, sold, utilized or exhausted through the standard company or the business operations within the next single year. Current assets shall include stock inventory, accounts receivable, cash, cash equivalents, prepaid liabilities, marketable securities, and other liquid assets. These are the key assets that form the base of the current assets. There is no exhaustive list of current assets which can give but 80% of the company’s current asset will compromise the abovementioned things. One needs to make the judgment as to if the company is expecting to realize value from that current assets within the year then it should be grouped under current assets.
Relevance and Uses of Current Assets Formula
Current assets are important to the company or say to the businesses because those current assets can be used to fund daily activities or the daytoday business operations and are also helpful in paying for the ongoing and recurring operating expenses of the company.
As payments towards loans and bills become frequently due at regular intervals (say at the end of each month), the management or the company must be able to arrange for the necessary or say for the required cash in time to pay for its dues and obligations. The dollar value which is represented by the current assets figure will provide a general insight into the firm’s or the company’s cash and of the liquidity position, and it shall allow the company or the management to remain prepared for the required or the necessary arrangements so as to continue its business operations without any hiccups.
Additionally, investors and creditors do keep a close eye at the current assets of the firm or of the company to assess the risk and the value that is involved in its operations. Many of them will make use of a variety of ratios like the liquidity ratios, which shall aid in determining a debtor’s ability to pay off its current debt obligations without raising any outside or the external capital. Such commonly used ratios include the figure of current assets, or its components, as the main ingredient in their calculations.
Current Assets Formula Calculator
You can use the following Current Assets Calculator
Cash  
Cash Equivalents  
Inventory  
Accounts Receivables  
Marketable Securities  
Prepaid Expenses  
Other Liquid Assets  
Current Assets Formula =  
Current Assets Formula =  Cash + Cash Equivalents + Inventory + Accounts Receivables + Marketable Securities + Prepaid Expenses + Other Liquid Assets  
0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 =  0 
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