What is AWS CodeCommit?
AWS CodeCommit is another scalable cloud service offered by AWS. CodeCommit is like an in-house version control system over a cloud platform. CodeCommit is a service to manage your code, not only code but also managing the permission related to code sharing, creating repositories, deleting repositories and updating them. Majorly in the IT world, everybody uses some kind of version control system to manage their code on GitHub, BitBucket, etc.
CodeCommit has certain great features to look on like:-
- A scalable and managed source control system.
- It’s very secure.
- It allows you to manage, change, or monitor your policies on repositories or even on groups.
- Enables you to host private git repositories.
- No need to manage your source control system.
- No need to think about scaling your source controls infrastructure.
- You can store any kind of documents, code, binary files, etc.
- It supports all standard functionalities of a version control system as well as some enhanced functionality offered by AWS.
- CodeCommit uses AWS IAM, security groups to manage permissions on users, repositories, etc.
- You can grant what permission you want to grant for specific resources only that permission would be granted to the user for a particular resource.
- Easy integration with third-party tools.
To understand CodeCommit importance we need to understand the people who are responsibly involved in using CodeCommit and in which process do CodeCommit really helps.
Devops: There are two teams in any organization for doing any project one is the developer team and another is the operator team. There are some barriers between these two teams while taking the code to production this barrier is filled by the devops team. Devops perform a set of practices that are intended to reduce the time between changes to be committed in the system and making these changes to production ensuring high quality.
Developers develop code and make sure it goes to the production environment. The operator team also do some changes and makes sure this code runs in production. Sometimes it happens that the code which was running in the development environment doesn’t run on the production environment. Devops make sure that this doesn’t happen and code should run on both the environment.
What is Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery (CI / CD)
Continuous Integration and Delivery is a very important part in software development and CodeCommit is also an integral part of a CI/CD pipeline.
In CI/CD you need to split the entire chunks of code into a segment. It should be a manageable piece of code and can be managed continuously and integrated continuously. The code should also be deployed and delivered continuously.
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A developer can commit code at once and everyone will use the latest copy of the code to integrate their piece of code and test the entire system. For this, you use a version control system so that the copies of code made available to everyone. This version control system can be AWS CodeCommit.
AWS CodeCommit Features
There are many features in AWS CodeCommit some are listed below:-
Nowadays collaboration is very important in the software field and CodeCommit is a collaborative software development system. It allows you to easily manage teams project where everyone can commit, branch and merge their code. You can easily create a pull request which will enable you to get code feedback and discuss the code with a collaborator. Allows to create repositories from AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, or AWS SDK and start pushing and committing to your repo.
Your repositories are encrypted and allowed to access with specific key pairs. You can push code via SSH or HTTPS with encryption using your keys.
3. Access Control
AWS Identity and Access Management allow you to control and monitor your repositories who can access, change, delete, how they can access and from where they can access. AWS Cloudtrail and CloudWatch can also be used to monitor your repositories.
4. High Availability and Durability
Amazon S3 and DynamoDB are known for their high availability and durability. CodeCommit uses these components of AWS and stores all your repositories data in S3 and DynamoDB. Data is stored in encrypted format reduntaly and at multiple facilities. This architecture allows for high availability and durability.
5. Unlimited Repositories
AWS CodeCommit allows you to create many repositories as you want, the default you will get 1000 repositories but that not a restriction you can create more as per your need. These repositories allow you to store any kind of files and version them like images, libraries, binary files, and other code files.
6. Easy Access and Integration
Managing your repositories is easy with AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, and AWS SDKs. Git commands and Graphical tools can be used to interact with your CodeCommit repositories. It supports all Git Commands and Tools. You can use your CI/CD tools with CodeCommit.
7. Notifications and Custom Scripts
You can create webhooks, can send a notification for the events in your repositories. Even in response to webhooks or notification you can execute lambda functions.
How Does CodeCommit Work?
Developers who are already using Git-based repositories would find CodeCommit very similar. Even if you are not familiar with Git-based repositories, its a very easy transition to CodeCommit simple. The console can be used to create repositories and checking out the list of existing repositories and branches. A few simple steps would give you all the information about the repositories and you will be able to clone them pretty easily. After cloning you need to make your changes and push to the git repositories the same as you do in a simple Git-based repository. You can use the CLI or git based editor to make changes in code.
The working of CodeCommit is very simple to other Git-based tools where, you clone repositories make changes, commit them and push to the repositories. If you create a pull request then others would pull your changes and work. Either you can create your branch work on it and later integrate with the master branch to integrate all the code and test. This is a pretty collaborative and faster approach where everybody would be having the latest changes copies and can test on them.
How is CodeCommit Different from File Versioning in Amazon S3?
- S3 is not considered to be a team software development tool whereas code commit is optimized for team software development.
- It manages changes across multiple files, which can occur in parallel.
- S3 is not focused on collaborative file tracking
- The pricing system of S3 is very different from CodeCommit.
Compatibility for CodeCommit, Git, and Other Components
You might be using some other tools with git so you need to take care of the compatibility of CodeCommit with other tools. The below table will help you to understand the compatibility.
Compatibility Information for CodeCommit
|Git||Git version 1.7.9 is supported by CodeCommit and all later versions|
|Curl||Curl 7.33 and later are required for CodeCommit. There are some issues with version 7.41.0 so before using check the issues or upgrade to a different version.|
AWS CodeCommit Pricing
If you have an AWS account you can get AWS CodeCommit for free. You get free 5 active users per month but in limits, If you want more you have to pay $1.00 per additional active user per month. No other upfront fees or commitments.
First 5 Active Users
Each user after 5 Active Users.
What is an Active User?
- A unique AWS identity (IAM user/role, root account, federated) user that will access the AWS CodeCommit repositories during the month.
- Accessing repositories from Git requests, AWS Management Console, AWS SDK for AWS CLI.
- If you don’t use AWS CodeCommit for month then there isn’t any charge for that user.
- If you are using AWS Codebuild, CodePipeline to access CodeCommit it will be considered as a unique identity and an active user.
- The total space needs to retain the repository is considered as total storage.
- If you did a Git request but no object transfer happens because your repository in local or remote was already up to date then it’s not counted in your Git requests. This includes any Git pull or Push request.
- Git requests only include any direct edit through a console or via CodeCommit API.
You will be charged only one $1.00 if there are 6 active users for your AWS CodeCommit when there are no additional charges or overuse.
There are very few cases where you would find that CodeCommit was over used it’s designed in a way that its enough for every active user. These Git request quotas are rarely breached.
If you have some unused storage and Git requests they are not going to be accumulated. But if you need more storage or requests for your active users, there are additional costs that will be charged.
- $0.06 per GB-month
- $0.001 per Git Request
Conclusions – AWS CodeCommit
Version Control System is a very important part of software development. Because your code will be revising numerous times and you will be kept on updating the code.
You need to have a very good version control system because it keeps all the important code and libraries. So, it’s very much important to choose it wisely and CodeCommit has very good features in terms of security, availability, and management. Even when your company is very small or big it can be used to manage them easily.
This is a guide to AWS CodeCommit. Here we discuss what is AWS CodeCommit? features, working, and Compatibility for CodeCommit, Git, and Other Components. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –