Difference Between Analyst vs Associate
Investment banks are financial institutes that assist corporations, governments, and institutions typically in carrying out either of the following activity:
- Merger & Acquisition.
- Raising funds through Equity Markets (i.e. Equity Capital Market Deals).
- Raising funds through Debt Markets (i.e. Debt Capital Market Deals).
Some of the well-known investment bankers are:
- JP Morgan
- Bank of America Merill Lynch
- Citi Bank
- Barclays Capital
- Goldman Sachs
- Morgan Stanley
- Credit Suisse
- Deutsche Bank
Typical organizational hierarchy of an investment bank is as follows (from lower to higher):
- Vice President
- Senior Vice President
- Managing Director
Above mentioned hierarchy could differ from organization to organization by adding some more intermediate positions, but more or less it remains in the same order.
In this Analyst vs Associate article, we would be discussing the role of Analyst vs Associate in an investment bank. Both Analyst and Associate designations exist in a front end and back end roles in an investment bank, but here we would be talking about the front end role (i.e. client facing role) in an investment bank.
Before, starting with the comparison, Following are some of the key skills required to work in an investment bank:
- Financial Modeling.
- Relationship Management.
- Negotiation Skills.
- Pitchbook preparation and presentation skills.
- Business Valuation.
- Sales, Marketing and Business Development.
Head to Head Comparison between Analyst vs Associate (Infographics)
Below is the top 6 difference between Analyst vs Associate :
Key Differences between Analyst vs Associate
Both Analyst vs Associate are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference Between Analyst vs Associate :
Investment Bank Analyst is the lowermost designation in the hierarchy of an investment bank. Generally, graduates from top colleges are hired at Analyst level under two years or three years program. However, top-grade investment banks like JP Morgan etc. hire Chartered Accountants, Chartered Financial Analyst and MBA from top colleges as Investment Banking Analyst. Obviously, there is a good gap in the salaries of a graduate hired as Investment Banking Analyst and an MBA/CA/CFA being hired at the same level. Despite being an entry-level point of an investment bank, best of the students from top colleges are shortlisted for the role and only best of the best gets through the stringent interview process.
Candidates need to have the adequate skill set to qualify for the role of an investment banking analyst. Some of the key skills required are:
- Good Finance Knowledge.
- Good Excel Skills.
- Good Communication Skills.
- Good PowerPoint Skills.
- Ability to understand Macro and Microeconomics and its impact.
Day to Day work of an Investment Banking Analyst mostly revolves around the following activities:
- Data Entry of Financials.
- Pitch Presentation.
- Preliminary Analysis of Sector and Company.
- Arranging for Meetings, Concalls etc.
- Correlating Macro and Micro Economic Parameters.
In terms of work life of an Investment Banking Analyst, it involves slogging for long hours in front of your PC, a lot of work pressure and stress, monotonous activities, enormous excel data feeding etc. However, all this turn fruitful once you move up the ladder and start handing deals on your own and get paid well along with good incentives.
After spending 2-3 years as Investment Banking Analyst, based on your capabilities and developed skillset, you are most likely to be promoted to become Associate Investment Banker. Investment Banks prefers in-house promotion rather than lateral hiring at an Associate level as Analysts working with them are well trained and understand the organization culture better. However, to be eligible for lateral hiring in Investment banks, one needs to have adequate experience of working in another investment bank.
Investment banks typically have three main business verticals i.e. Merger & Acquisition, Equity Capital Market and Debt Capital Market. An Analyst supports all three functions and is pooled in as per the requirement. However, at the Associate level, investment bankers are segregated based on an area of specialization. Going ahead, Associates in respective business verticals focus on expanding their line of business.
Day to Day working of an Associate is similar to that of an Analyst, but with more sophistication, detail and specialization. Associates supervise analysts working under them and guide them based on the requirement, they review work of analyst, undertake in-depth company analysis, perform due diligence, takes care of compliances being met, accompany seniors in the client meeting, client presentation and eventually handling complete deal on their own.
The work life of an associate is equally hectic but comparatively less monotonous. An Associate needs to take care of a wide array of things and perform various activities simultaneously. Associates gradually build sector expertise in their line of business and start identifying business opportunities in their sectors. After spending 2-3 years as an Associate, he is eligible to be promoted at VP level.
Analyst vs Associate Comparison Table
Below is the topmost Comparison between Analyst vs Associate :
|The basis Of Comparison Between Analyst vs Associate||
Analyst – Investment banking
Associate – Investment banking
|Position in Hierarchy||Sub-ordinate to Associate.
They assist Associates in work allocated to them.
|Senior to Analyst.
An analyst is a lowermost position in an investment bank. Post relevant years of experience, Analysts are promoted to become Associates.
|Qualification Required||Generally, Undergraduates/Graduates are hired at the position of Analyst. It is the lowermost position in the hierarchy of an investment bank.||Analysts after 2-3 years of experience are promoted to the level of Associates or else MBAs are hired directly at the level of Associate.|
|Day to Day Work||Work of an Analyst mainly includes financial data entry, primary financial analysis, preparing pitch presentation, industry research, scheduling meetings, conference calls etc.||Associates role is similar to that of Analyst with additional responsibilities. They assign tasks to an analyst, overview work done by an analyst, quality check, undertaking in-depth analysis, acting as a connection between senior bankers and junior bankers.|
|Promotion||Generally, it takes 2-3 years for an Analyst to be promoted at the level of Associate.||Generally, it takes 2-3 years for an Associate to be promoted at the level of VP. However, it may take longer depending on the requirement at the VP level.|
|Monotonous and Hectic||Analysts often found their work to be monotonous and very hectic.||Although work life at Associate level is equally hectic as that of an Analyst but comparatively less monotonous.|
|Client Facing||Almost nil client facing happens at the level of Analyst.||Associates facing clients along with senior bankers and even start handling clients independently after some years of experience.|
Conclusion – Analyst vs Associate
Although, Investment Banking seems to be very glamorous and high paying career opportunity to the newly qualified job aspirants, it is equally challenging and requires a lot of hard work and efforts. A lot of people, who joins investment banks looking only at its glamorous side, often end up leaving this field of career due to incapacity to handle pressure and stress associated with it. One has to be on its toes in an Investment Bank in order to identify and grab the opportunity before anyone else does. Hence, it’s a good career option who seriously wants to pursue it knowing all pros and cons, as it might be a bumpy ride, but it’s equally rewarding if you are able to make it through.
This has been a guide to the top difference between Analyst vs Associate. Here we also discuss the Analyst vs Associate key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –