Updated June 21, 2023
What is OOP?
OOP (object-oriented programming) is a programming paradigm that is completely based on ‘objects’. A general explanation of ‘object’ for better understanding – Mr. A is going to build a POT with the use of BLOCKS. Blocks are measurement units like height, radius, and shape by default. These properties are there by default, which means if you use a block, it has some dimensions associated with it. Some other crucial properties are not yet assigned, like color, material, and price. So, Objects are nothing but POTS. We build an object by assigning values to the properties when needed. BLOCK is nothing but the template of the object. There we write how the object should appeal (means look like) and how the actions will occur. In Java, we call it a class.
Top Advantages of OOP
Moving to the advantages of OOP, we would like to say that there are many, as this is a core development approach widely accepted. Let’s see what the advantages of OOP offer to its users.
It means reusing some facilities rather than building them again and again. This is done with the use of a class. We can use it ‘n’ number of times as per our need.
2. Data Redundancy
This is a condition created at the place of data storage (you can say Databases)where the same piece of data is held in two separate places. So data redundancy is one of the greatest advantages of OOP. If a user wants a similar functionality in multiple classes, he/she can write common class definitions for similar functionalities and inherit them.
3. Code Maintenance
This feature is more of a necessity for any programming language; it helps users from doing re-work in many ways. Maintaining and modifying the existing codes by incorporating new changes into them is always easy and time-saving.
With a data hiding and abstraction mechanism, we filter out limited data to exposure, which means we maintain security and provide necessary data to view.
5. Design Benefits
If you are practicing on OOPs, the design benefits a user will get in terms of designing and fixing things easily and eliminating the risks (if any). Here the Object-Oriented Programs force the designers to have a long and extensive design phase, which results in better designs and fewer flaws. After a time when the program has reached some critical limits, it is easier to program all the non-OOPs separately.
6. Better productivity
With the above facts, using the application enhances its user’s overall productivity. This leads to more work done, finishing a better program, having more inbuilt features, and easier reading, writing, and maintaining. An OOP programmer cans stitch new software objects to make completely new programs. A good number of libraries with valuable functions in abundance make it possible.
7. Easy troubleshooting
Let’s witness some common issues or problems any developers face in their work.
- Is this the problem in the widget file?
- Is the problem is in the WhaleFlumper?
- Will I have to trudge through that ‘sewage.c’ file?
- Commenting on all these issues related to code.
So, often, something has gone wrong, which later becomes so brainstorming for the developers to look where the error is. Relax! Working with OOP language, you will know where to look for. This is the advantage of using encapsulation in OOP; all the objects are self-constrained. With this modality behavior, the IT teams get a lot of work benefits as they can now work on multiple projects simultaneously with the advantage that there is no possibility of code duplicity.
8. Polymorphism Flexibility
Let’s see a scenario to explain this behavior better.
If the place or surroundings change, your behavior will be different. A person will behave like a customer if he is in a market; the same person will act like a student if he is in a school and as a son/daughter if put in a house. Here we can see that the same person shows different behavior every time the surroundings are changed. This means polymorphism is flexible and helps developers in several ways.
- It’s simplicity
9. Problems solving
Decomposing a complex problem into smaller chunks or discrete components is a good practice. OOP is specialized in this behavior, as it breaks down your software code into bite-sized – one object at a time. We can reuse the broken components to solve different problems (both less and more complex) or replace them with future modules that relate to the same interface with implementation details.
A general relatable real-time scenario – at a high level, a car can be decomposed into wheels, an engine, and a chassis soon. Each component can further break down into smaller atomic components such as screws and bolts. The engine’s design doesn’t need to know anything about the tires’ size to deliver a certain amount of power (as output) and has little to do with each other.
This has been a guide to the Advantages of OOP. Here we discuss what OOP is and the top advantages of OOP. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –