Introduction to EJB
Enterprise Java Beans or EJB is a Java API used in the construction of enterprise software that comprises of client-side application. It is used in many applications as it has different logic and transactions for pooling beans. Different types are session beans, entity beans and message-driven beans. This can also be used on the server side and is independent of the platform. Large applications development is easily simplified using this, and it provides system-level services for any applications. It works in an enterprise environment and is a Java specified framework.
Understanding of EJB
In order to understand, it is important to know how applications use EJBs. Enterprise JavaBeans have different beans which can be used for different sessions and entities. A session bean instance serves one client at a time. The session beans can be of two types. They are stateful and stateless. A stateless session does not need to store any session or client information. It may or may not contain states specific to a client. A stateless session can store a state for a duration of method invocation. When a method completes, then this issue is not retained. A stateful session maintains all information which reflects the interaction between the bean and client across methods and transactions. It can manage interactions between clients and different enterprise beans. It also has an entity which represents a set of persistent data which is usually stored in the database.
How does EJB make working so easy?
EJB does simplify the process of development of an entity and session beans. This is possible because of its simplified model and by the leveraging and well-known artifacts like POJOs and the different interfaces. It also has a new EntityManager API which makes changes to business methods and does not require any specifications. All these features also make maintaining it easier.
What can you do with EJB?
The Enterprise JavaBeans are Java classes which have annotations which help in creating business logic for different applications. With this, it also provides additional advantages of the below services, which are provided by EJB.
These advantages are:
- Clustering: By this, you can deploy it on any clustering environment.
- Concurrency: All EJBs are instantiated through a different pool of objects.
- Connection Pool to database: All the pools created can be accessed by EJBs.
- Security: JAAS is used for the security of all EJBs.
- Scheduling: It has a timer service which enables the user to implement tasks and further execute them.
Working with EJB
EJB has different containers which help in the easy development of applications. The application server invokes servlets and Java Server Pages. The other half is how EJBs locate and work with the protocol, which helps in accessing these. To call an EJB, it should be connected to a naming service of a remote application server. This naming server runs different objects on the server. Then the EJB is called, which helps in connecting the EJBs to the naming service. It is to be handled how EJB can call its methods and work with them. It can add information to a message queue, and then the data is saved to a database.
Listing a few advantages as below:
- EJBs have remote access capabilities which enable clustering of data which ensures scalability.
- It allows usage of attributes which makes annotation-based programming easier.
- They can be cached and pooled whenever required, and the containers that are present help in managing EJB cycles.
- It provides free security.
- It supports object-oriented concepts which make inheritance possible.
- It also provides declarative transactions.
In order to use EJB, the skills that are needed include the programmer having knowledge of Java. With Java, it is an additional advantage for the programmer if they know servlets, J2EE and Oracle SQL architecture. It would make it easier to learn and know things in EJB properly.
Why should we use EJB?
It should be used as it has many advantages. It provides services like clustering, concurrency, running transactions through JTA, security and schedule services. With all this being handy, applications can be easily created to design and implement the business logic.
After C++, the next big thing that happened in the IT industry was JAVA. Java created many opportunities in IT. With the advent of Java came many other technologies, which include EJB. It has a great scope in the market as it helps in creating applications easily and fast. With the features of containers, entities, and sessions, it is sure to stay in the market.
Why do we need EJB?
Java being the talk of the town ever since its inception, Java developers are clamoring about EJB. It brings many services which highlight it. Due to its distributed nature, data should be in the serialized and deserialized format, which enables easy communication between a client and server.
How will this technology help you in career growth?
Learning EJB will give you a cutting edge in your career. EJB being fast and reliable, is famous in the market, and if you are a Java professional, you can easily learn EJB and start working on it. EJB will help you learn about client-server architecture and help you in getting to know about containers.
Who is the right audience for learning this technology?
The people who have knowledge about Java, J2EE, and servlets should opt for learning EJB. It simplifies the process of creating various applications.
Enterprise JavaBean is a bean which helps in creating stateful and stateless sessions. The data may or may not be stored in the database. It also provides entities and containers, which help in fast performance. As a result, it is software which helps you to understand Java well and makes it easier to create applications.
This has been a guide to What is EJB. Here we discussed the Basic Concept, Required Skills, career growth and Advantages of EJB. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –