Introduction to Web Design Interview Questions and Answers
So you have finally found your dream job in Web Design but are wondering how to crack the Web Design Interview and what could be the probable Web Design Interview Questions. Every interview is different and the scope of a job is different too. Keeping this in mind we have designed the most common Web Design Interview Questions and answers to help you get success in your interview.
Below are some of the important Web Design Interview Questions that are frequently asked in the interview. These Interview questions are divided into two parts are as follows:
Part 1 – Web Design Interview Questions (Basic)
This first part covers basic Web Design Interview Questions and Answers
Q1.How can a website be optimized? Where to start?
To improve the performance of a website, developers need to have ideas specific to the nature of each project. Some common and easy to implement optimizations skills are:
- Minimize CSS and JS code. This saves a kilobyte of each page load.
- Compress all assets in the most appropriate format.
- Server-side caching mechanisms like Redis should be enabled.
- Images should be served as per device screen size and pixel density. Load only the appropriate images for a given user.
- HTML should be clear and concise.
Q2.Describe the use of the following HTML5 tags: STRONG, EM, SMALL?
These tags create a specific visual treatment. For example -STRONGbolds the text, EM makes it italic and SMALL makes it smaller. But this is not their purpose. Each has a semantic purpose as follows:
EM – Text that should be emphasized hence changing its contextual meaning.
STRONG – Can be used in titles or headings and also paragraphs to emphasize its word or phrase.
SMALL – Used for disclaimers and clarifications.
Let us move to the next Web Design Interview Questions.
Q3. Describe advantages and disadvantages of using a CSS framework such as Bootstrap or Foundation?
- Frameworks provide fast prototyping of layouts, elements and pages
- promote reusability of many consistent elements across the entire project
- eliminate the need of Photoshop mockups. It also ensures other high-fidelity static sketches removed.
- come with commonly used pieces of standardized
- well-documented code that are built-in. It has a large support community when issues arise.
- tries to generalize common elements and often lead to not so good-looking designs
- creates an unconventional or complex design or a layout
- more effort involved handling frameworks rather than simply writing the code from scratch.
- come with too much redundant stuff that never gets used, or styles that get overridden if not used in a correct sense
- slower load times compared to a code written from scratch.
Q4.Differentiate between “visibility: hidden” and “display: none”?
Both are style properties
- visibility: hidden: It hides the element, but still takes up space in the layout.
- display: none: It eliminates the element completely. It does not consume any space. the HTML for it is in the source code but no space.
Q5. What is the white space? How does it affect the content on the web?
White space is any area left purposely blank. It doesn’t need to be white. In web design, white space is used to separate elements or group them or to draw attention to a particular element or to an emphasis on the content layout.
Part 2 – Web Design Interview Questions (Advanced)
Let us now have a look at the advanced Web Design Interview Questions and Answers.
Q6. Define the principles of “gestalt”?
Gestalt principles are from a theory of visual perception. Some of these principles applied in web design are:
- Similarity – the human brain perceives elements with comparable features as related to each other and that means these elements are connected or grouped together.
- Proximity – elements placed close among themselves are considered grouped or related to each other, or to a part of a whole.
- Closure – Closure principle makes an element more fascinating to look at. This makes the design more enjoyable;
- Figure- It is the ground relation that has the tendency to mentally separate facts based on a combination of color, shape, and experience.
- Common fate – elements moving synchronously and are often conceived as grouped
- Continuity – Our brain’s ability to see connections among things and follow a path or different path based on similarities between them.
Q7. How to combine fonts? Which types of font combination work nicely? How many different types of fonts are OK to use on a website?
There are fonts that work together nicely and look pretty on the same page. To combine two fonts properly, the similarities and differences between them should be looked at carefully.
Two fonts work fine with each other if they are similar except or if they’re very different. For the two fonts to be similar, they should have equal x-heights
Combining fonts that look very much similar should be avoided such as combining Helvetica with Lucida Grande.
8. Is mention Responsive design on a web page?
Responsive design: – An approach to build sites to provide the best viewing experience and interactivity. It focuses on easy navigation of a site. It ensures the minimum of scrolling, panning and resizing across all devices.
Bootstrap is the probably most popular framework for developing responsive web design it is based on CSS, HTML, and JS.
Let us move to the next Web Design Interview Questions.
9. Mention some bad examples of web design?
Some very bad ways to do web designs are mentioned below which should be avoided by everyone.
- Images that do Blinking, spinning or flashing
- Black or very dark background with white, light or pale text
- Black backgrounds with brown, grey or dark text
- Tiled background images with light or dark color text
- Everything being centered to the page
- Way too many images on the page or Huge images
- So many lists of links
- Too many headlines or text that Blinks
Q10. When do you use JPEG compression and when would you prefer PNG instead?
Each image compression format has a specific purpose.
JPEG: – This reduces the image size by finding areas that are of similar color. Higher compression level ensures that such areas look more aggressively leading to a loss of visual information and the generation of artefacts. This compression is best for photos, drawings, and gradients. JPEG doesn’t work very good for screenshots or simple UI elements or flat icons or schematics. It is very bad for text.
PNG: – This method of compression works by reducing the colors used. This could lead to a slight loss of color shades as well. PNG method is especially great for logos and icons and signs and images containing text. For simple illustrations or UI elements and screenshots too, PNG is good. PNG files are most of the time larger than JPEGs.
This has been a guide to List Of Web Design Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these Web Design Interview Questions easily. Here in this post, we have studied top Web Design Interview Questions which are often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –