Introduction to Types of White Box Testing
The following article provides an outline for Types of White Box Testing. There are two popular box testing and they are white box testing and black box testing. We do testing to test all the standard of the require that have been developed. Like we will test functionality with different sort of inputs and analyzing whether outputs are proper.
This testing is black box testing. We don’t consider the what is the box or requirement is made of. We just focus on functional part requirement that have been developed. In contrast to this we have white box testing which will test everything like standards of code as well. Any standard deviation is recorded as defect and needs to taken care. Thus white box testing is testing the internal logics, functions, conditions and in a way complete structure of the code.
Different Types of White Box Testing
White Box testing is also called as Structural Testing, Glass Testing, Open Box Testing or Clear Box Testing. We can clearly infer the names of white box testing is that internal structure is transparent and in way we will test the internal structure with the white Box testing.
The test case written as part of white box testing covers the code written, any branches, defined paths, internal logic and finally the statements of the code. Thus if we say that testing is going to perform white box testing then we may need to understand that he has some acquired prerequisite such as good knowledge of programming language in which the code is written, good understanding of programming of the logic, understanding of functional requirement of the project. If the tester is well equipped with this prerequisite then only he will be able to identify the chunk of code where there is malfunctioning. Hence most of the time developers only handle white box testing.
Given below are some of the popular types of white box testing:
- Unit Testing
- Static and Dynamic Analysis
- Memory Leaks Testing
- Statement Coverage
- Branch Coverage
- Mutation Testing
- Security Testing
1. Unit Testing
It is most probably the first testing carried out for the application that is being developed. Unit testing as the name suggests will be carried out on a block of code or unit of code as it is being developed so that to test that particular functionality of unit is working fine. Most of the times unit testing is carried out by the developer only.
As an application developer, the developer when completes a part or functionality development then he carries out this unit testing to make sure it is working fine and depending on the result only they proceed further. Unit testing is a better way to identify the major bugs in the code. If ignored, then in the later part we may find it difficult to detect. The bugs identified are easy to detect, easy to fix and hence efficient on cost-wise as well.
2. Static and Dynamic Analysis
Static analysis testing is nothing but the following code to catch through any defects. Here we will not be executing the code. Dynamic analysis testing is running the code and analyzing the output to identify the possible defects. This type of testing is mainly for the validation of the data.
3. Memory Leaks Testing
If we work as IT professional then we might have heard optimization term quite many times. This is a major concern for any application and testing it thoroughly will help from saving log running time of applications. Generally, memory leaks are a major culprit for the code to run logger times. Hence any sort of memory leaks must be identified. This testing is mainly handled by QA specialist and this testing is must if you are handling large scale projects which have a heavy dependency on the memory.
4. Statement Coverage
The main purpose of this testing is to make sure that all the statements present in the code are executed and tested at least once. This makes sure that there are not any side effects or any functional defects with respect to the statements.
5. Branch Coverage
Generally, in projects with wider scope the code will not be written continuously. There will be branching out at some points to make sure that the code written till that point is working properly meeting all exceptions. Thus branching out is common in developing the code and branch coverage makes sure that all the branches are working as expected without any major drift from the requirements.
6. Mutation Testing
This testing is quite popular and this is used to test the code that has been modified after bug detection or corrections. This testing also helps in analysis of strategy like which will be the best strategy to adopt in enhancing and developing the functionality.
7. Security Testing
This testing is carried to identify the rigidness of application with respect to security and unauthorized access. It tests how the application performs when it comes to unauthorized and other security-related attacks such as hacking etc. This testing is also important as the organization will be intending to compromise on its product.
Advantages and Disadvantages of White Box Testing
Given below are the advantages and disadvantages mentioned:
Below are the advantages:
- The main advantage of white box testing is that it helps in optimizing the code.
- This testing can identify hidden defects which may not be detected when we perform black box testing.
- These testing can be easily Automated.
- With the unit testing, we can say that the testing phase starts early in SDLC.
Below are the disadvantages:
- White Box testing will take a considerable amount of time since full structure and internal logic of the code tested.
- This testing requires skilled and professional’s resources.
- Some time white box testing can become quite complex.
Thus white box testing in contrast to black-box testing which tests only the functional part will test structural part in detail so any major defects in code and other standard violations can be captured.
This is a guide to Types of White Box Testing. Here we discuss 7 different types of white box testing, advantages and disadvantages respectively. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –