Difference between SDLC and STLC
Need drives interest and makes it the only reason for any process to start. Later this interest drives the related resources, stakeholders, clients, CEO, managers, and development teams to run behind a successful project (here in our case is software development) closure. Not only money(interest) is the sole purpose behind these people’s behavior but also time and brand value (will call even more crucial).
And this is where the article topic, yes SDLC vs STLC comes into the picture. Both SDLC vs STLC are interrelated to some extent or one can say that one is the predecessor of others. The reason is simple if something is being developed for a purpose to serve (clients need), then it must be tested before deployment. This is the industry standards for decades and responsibility as the client has invested a huge amount of money after it.
This was the story behind the scene and leads us to the main section of the article – SDLC vs STLC. Let’s see in detail what are these SDLC vs STLC exactly are. What is the sequence of operations under each? What is the difference between SDLC and STLC? What kind of activities needed to have a successful ending?
SDLC means Software Development Life Cycle
LIFE CYCLE means a series of changes in one’s life. Either a living, non-living or any process that has some series of steps or sequence of operation. These sequences are a kind of indication that it has a definite start and end point. On the contrary, one can say that the given process has some sub-process into it. This is what a life cycle is. Figuring out what a life cycle really makes us move ahead in the discussion towards software development. So, SDLC means “the life cycle of a software development process”.
Regarding development models, there are no defined rules which advocates one over other or a particular model is good to go than other (agile is an exception). Let’s see some models –
- Waterfall Model – the oldest one
- V- Model
- Spiral model
- Agile – latest and most suitable to any project kind
Note – I must say that Agile scrum model practices are good to work but in the IT industry a team can prefer any one of these models. E.g. If the requirement is clear and guarantee not to change in later stage team will surely go with Waterfall and not with Agile.
Phases in SDLC discussion
- System Analysis and Requirement
- Coding or Development
- Integration and Testing
- Operation and Maintenance
The above process can also be listed as below –
- PLANNING – First thing first before any physical evidence appears there is always a planning behind it. Planning comes before paperwork has started. In this phase, only the high-level details are considered from the Projects’ point of view. A dedicated group of members is behind this phase. All the pro’s and cons related to the projects are considered and how to maximize the ROI and ways to do it also considered. Here there is lots of rework and review is done to overcome any hindrance to project success. The bottom line is before the idea is brought into reality it should have concrete reasons to run and achieve success. Planning again depends upon the kind of outcome. If a new software is building the planning will be different as market study will be very crucial for it but if the same software is being updated after a few years, then in this case there will not be any market study (as the software is a success and so there is a need for software features updates building).
- ANALYSIS – Once the planning portion is done, then comes the analysis where the dedicated teams do several tasks before they attain a concrete solution. Here, the feasibility study of the project is done, estimation work, costing, requirement elicitation, and scheduling. The intention is clear to do a final check before the work actually starts. If any shortcomings are there then removing them by communication with the development team and the stakeholders. Find out the pros and cons.
- DESIGN – Now the requirement is clear, and the team wants some reference before they work, the designers play a crucial role. What the software will work (functionality wise), how many screens will be there for each section, user interactivity and every bit of details are designed in this phase. Let’s say a customer asked for mobile software for flight booking and the requirement is clear that the designers will design the screens to cover the functionalities this software will process. The designers will come up with layouts, working plans, process diagrams, pseudocodes and several other kinds of design documentation. The responsible persons will choose the best to go with.
- CODING – at this stage most of the major decisions have already been decided. The intention of this phase is to replicate the design works into a working piece of software. Here the developers play the prominent role and efforts are laid to produce reusable codes. Lots of discussions related to a framework and the best suitable methods to create a working software is paid attention. There are programming tools involved which are used by the team of developers which are – Compiler, Debugger, Interpreter. I would like to bring the attention of my readers that the development of complete working software is not easy and neither small. A big chunk of work is there so the development team break them into smaller deliverables and prioritize them as per the need or urgency (can also be rated on the basis of how crucial the functionality is i.e. how high that particular functionality has been rated). Remember this is the longest phase of the development cycle.
- TESTING – In this phase comes to the STLC. This phase is all about testing the developed piece of working software before it is forwarded to the clients or the end users. There are several types of test methodology that are performed here by the testers to find out any possible defects in the software.
- MAINTENANCE – This is a kind of after-sales service. Like the way we purchase any bike or car and after a year if there is an issue that produces any hindrance towards proper working. These kinds of issue arise time and again. Here all the bugs that arise when the client is using the software are resolved, any upgradation needed in future or enhancements if any.
STLC means SOFTWARE TESTING LIFE CYCLE
Phases in the STLC –
- Requirement Analysis
- Test Planning
- Test case development
- Environment setup
- Test Execution
- Test cycle closure
- REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS – The very first step into the STLC process. It’s the part in the entire process where the QA teams get to know the requirement (means what to test) and testable requirements. For a better understanding of the requirement, the tester can follow up with the clients (but this happens rarely, only if the testing is needed and not the development). This is a kind of chart that followed in this phase of STLC.
|Entry Criteria||Activities performed||Deliverables|
|Exact need with complete description to define the testing procedure to follow.||Kind of testing are listed in this section||Outcomes achieved are listed in this section|
- TEST PLANNING – The most crucial phase in STLC. Here every estimates and time are calculated before the testing actually starts. The result of this will test plans or strategies documentations. Once this phase is completed the QA team can start with test case development activities. The same chart which is drawn in the upper phase is again used with changes.
- TEST DEVELOPMENT – The actual development of test cases is worked after the test planning phase has been completed. Here the testing teamwork on the test cases. Not only the test cases but a complete report which contains the test data are involved and documented. Once completed these are cross verified by peer members or QA leads. Here itself the RTM (requirement traceability matrix) is also prepared. These documents track the requirement in both ways (means forward and backward).
- ENVIRONMENT SETUP – This is in general not practiced because the environment has already been decided during the development phase (in SDLC). In general, there does not happen any changes in the environment.
- TEST EXECUTION – Here the test cases are executed based on the test plans initially prepared. If the cases are ok, they are marked as PASS otherwise FAIL. A complete list of bugs is prepared in this phase and are forwarded to the development team to fix before the final release of the software.
- TEST CYCLE CLOSURE – A discussion where the team decides what went right and wrong from test perspectives. Things to improve in future that can save the time and effort in the right direction are discussed in this meeting. These are helpful from the development perspective.
Head To Head Comparison Between SDLC and STLC (Infographics)
Below is the top 9 difference between SDLC vs STLC
Key Differences Between SDLC and STLC
Both are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major difference:
- SDLC is a Development Methodology, whereas STLC is a Testing Methodology
- Multiple different phases are combined to form SDLC, whereas Multiple testing phases or practices combine to form STLC
- SDLC covers the entire software development cycles, whereas STLC covers the entire testing cycles
- SDLC starts with the planning phase and covers the entire development look through whereas STLC starts with Test Planning and covers every aspects or type of testing
- CEO, Senior Business Analyst, Senior Managers, and Developers are the people who look after the several stages under SDLC. On the other hand QA Lead, Test Analyst is the people who govern the ongoing process.
- SDLC starts when the actual application has not been created but STLC starts when the actual application exists, or a chunk of working software exists.
- SDLC is the superset of STLC whereas STLC is the subset of SDLC
SDLC vs STLC Comparison Table
Let’s look at the top Comparison between SDLC vs STLC –
The Basis Of Comparison
|Origin||Development life cycle||Test life cycle|
1. Requirement Analysis
2. Test Planning
3. Test Development
4. Environment Setup
5. Test Execution
6. Test Closure
|Relationship||SDLC can be considered as the parent or predecessor.||STLC is the successor as because it is into SDLC.|
|About||This is about complete development of the software including testing and other phases.||This is concerned about the testing phase and the QA part.|
|Requirement gathering phases||In SDLC the business analyst gathers the requirements, development team performs the development.||In STLC, the testing team does the work review after analyzing the test documents, review from functional and non-functional perspective.|
|Intention||SDLC intended to overcome any hindrance while in the journey of successful software development.||STLC is intended to find any pitfalls or shortcomings in the testing phase only.|
|Design Phase||In the SDLC a technical architect is there to ensure the quality of the software. Here in SDLC Business Analyst may assist him in understanding the requirements in a better way.
|In STLC the test architect is the one who governs the activities, he does test planning and identification of the high-level testing points.|
|Coding phase||The real codes are developed, and actual work takes shape as per the design structure emphasized.||The testing team works on the development of test plans and check the working behavior of the software. One thing to note is that in SDLC the codes are developed whereas in STLC only test cases are developed.|
|Testing phase||The actual codes are tested which can be done by the peer developers. Within this phase unit testing, integration testing and system testing is performed.||In STLC the test execution plus reporting work happens. One thing to note is that unlike code testing in SDLC here there is functional behavior and non-functionality testing of the software is done.
The discussion is clear regarding the SDLC vs STLC. One is the development approach and the other is testing approach as a whole. Though Testing comes under SDLC as one of the sections the important thing to note is that it is a very different function that is performed. It is very important to note that STLC in under the SDLC. The concerned activities under each section are different.
This has been a guide to the top difference between SDLC vs STLC. Here we also discuss the key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more-