Updated June 12, 2023
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language with dynamic semantics and object-oriented programming designed to be easy to read and implement. It is a scripting language like Perl/ruby and is also used for creating web applications. Java-Script is an object-oriented programming language that allows you to create dynamic web pages and got standardized in ECMAScript language specification. Java-Script supports different programming paradigms as object-oriented, functional, and imperative, but not procedural.
What is Python?
Python supports different programming paradigms, such as object-oriented, functional, imperative, and procedural. It came up with huge built-in modules and packages. It allows programmers to use different program styles for simple and complex programs.
Java-Script is an object-oriented programming language. It is highly used in browsers to provide dynamic functionality, which we cannot achieve through normal HTML and CSS. It supports standard applications with text, regular expressions, and dates.
- Python has procedural programming, whereas Java-Script does not.
- Java-Script has; a statement terminator, whereas Python has a newline.
- Python is not suitable for mobile development, whereas Java-Script is good.
- Python supports numeral data types like int, float, and fixed-point decimal, whereas Java-Script mainly works on floating-point variables.
|REPL(Read-Eval-Print-Loop)||We will get it with Python installation and call different Python versions depending on our installation.||Whereas for Java-Script, we didn’t have an inbuilt REPL as we usually run in a browser. But we can use REPL by installing node.js.|
|Mutability||Python has mutable and immutable data types like set (mutable) and list (Immutable).||Whereas Java-Script has no concept of mutable and immutable.|
|Strings||In Python, the source code is ASCII by default unless we specify any encoding format.||Java-Script should be encoded as UTF-16 without built-in support for manipulating raw bytes.|
|Numbers||In Python, we have different numeric types like int, float, fixed-point decimal, etc.||Whereas Java-Script has only floating-point numbers only.|
|Hash Tables||Python has built-in hash tables, dictionaries, sets, etc., which can be used in the hash with keys and values.||Whereas Java-Script has no built-in hash table support.|
|Inheritance||Python uses a class-based inheritance model. Let us consider an example below:
|Whereas Java-Script uses a prototype-based inheritance model. Let us consider an eple as below:
We need to create a function where we use classes in Python as below:
Welcome = function(name)
|Code Blocks||Python uses indentation.||Whereas java-script uses curly brackets.|
|Function Arguments||Whereas Python will raise an exception if a function is called with incorrect parameters and accepts some additional parameter-passing syntax.||Java-Script doesn’t care whether functions with exact parameters are not as by default; any missing parameter gets value as “undefined,” and any extra arguments end as particular arguments.|
|Data Types||Python has two similar data, a types list, and a tuple. Python’s list and Java-Script array are quite similar.||Java-Script has an inbuilt array type.|
|Properties and Attributes||Python allows defining an attribute using descriptor protocol where we can use a getter and setter functions.||Whereas Java-Script objects have properties that can be composed of underlying attributes, it lets you define a property.|
|Modules||Python is a battery-included language with a wide range of modules.||Whereas Java-Script comes with a few modules like date, math, regexp, and JSON, its functionality is available through the host environment like a web browser or some other environment.|