**NOPAT Formula (Table of Contents)**

## NOPAT Formula

NOPAT (Net operating profit after tax) is a company’s possible cash earnings in case the company hasn’t raised any debt i.e. if the company has unlevered capital structure.

The formula for calculating NOPAT (Net Operating Profit After Tax):

**NOPAT = (Net Income + Tax + Interest + Non-Operating Gains/Losses) * (1 – Tax Rate)**

**Examples of NOPAT Formula (With Excel Template)**

Let’s take an example to understand the calculation of NOPAT in a better manner.

#### NOPAT Formula – Example #1

**Following details have been taken from the Income Statement of Anand Group of Companies. We need to calculate the NOPAT for the Anand Group of companies. (Note: All Amounts in USD). **

**Solution:**

Net Income is calculated using the formula given below

**Net Income = Revenue – COGS – Labour – G&A Expenses**

- Net Income = $50,000 – $25,000 – $3,000 – $2,000
- Net Income =
**$20,000**

Further We need to Calculate Tax Expenses, which is calculated on the Profit Before Tax.

Profit Before Tax is calculated using the formula given below

**Profit Before Tax = Net Income – Interest Expenses**

- Profit Before Tax = $20,000- $5000
- Profit Before Tax =
**$15,000**

Tax Expense is calculated using the formula given below

**Tax Expense = Tax Rate * Profit Before Tax**

- Tax Expense= 30% * $15,000
- Tax Expense =
**$4,500**

NOPAT is calculated using the formula given below

**NOPAT = (Net Income + Tax + Interest + Non-Operating Gains/Losses) * (1 – Tax Rate)**

- NOPAT = ($20,000 + $4,500 + $5,000 + 0) * (1 – 30%)
- NOPAT =
**$20,650**

NOPAT for Anand Group of companies is **$20,650**.

#### NOPAT Formula – Example #2

**Following details have been taken from the Income Statement of Jagriti & Son’s. Now we need to calculate the NOPAT for Jagriti & Son’s. (Note: All Amounts in USD) **

**Solution:**

Net Income is calculated using the formula given below

**Net Income = Revenue – COGS – Labour – G&A Expenses**

- Net Income = ($200,000 – $50,000 – $30,000 – $20,000)
- Net Income =
**$1,00,000**

Further, We need to Calculate Tax Expenses, which is calculated on the Profit Before Tax.

Profit Before Tax is calculated using the formula given below

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**Profit Before Tax = Net Income – Interest Expenses**

- Profit Before Tax = $100,000 – $10,000
- Profit Before Tax =
**$90,000**

Tax Expense is calculated using the formula given below

**Tax Expense = Tax Rate * Profit Before Tax**

- Tax Expense= 30% * $90,000
- Tax Expense =
**$27,000**

NOPAT is calculated using the formula given below

**NOPAT = (Net Income + Tax + Interest + Non-Operating Gains/Losses) * (1 – Tax Rate)**

- NOPAT = ($100,000 + $27,000+ $10,000 + 0) * ( 1 – 30%)
- NOPAT =
**$95,900**

NOPAT for Jagriti & Sons is **$95,900**.

#### NOPAT Formula – Example #3

**Following details have been taken from the Income Statement of Anand & Son’s Pvt Ltd. Now we need to calculate the NOPAT for Anand & Son’s. (Note: All Amounts in USD)**

**Solution:**

Net Income is calculated using the formula given below

**Net Income = Revenue – COGS – Labour – G&A Expenses**

- Net Income = ($300,000 – $100,000 – $80,000 – $20,000)
- Net Income =
**$100,000**

Further, We need to Calculate Tax Expenses, which is calculated on the Profit Before Tax.

Profit Before Tax is calculated using the formula given below

**Profit Before Tax= Net Income – Interest Expenses**

- Profit Before Tax = $100,000- $20000
- Profit Before Tax =
**$80,000**

Tax Expense is calculated using the formula given below

**Tax Expense = Tax Rate * Profit Before Tax**

- Tax Expense= 30% * $80,000
- Tax Expense =
**$24,000**

NOPAT is calculated using the formula given below

**NOPAT = (Net Income + Tax + Interest + Non-Operating Gains/Losses) * (1 – Tax Rate)**

- NOPAT = ($100,000 + $24,000+ $20,000 + 0) * (1 – 30%)
- NOPAT =
**$100,800**

NOPAT for Anand & Sons is **$100,800**.

### Explanation of Net Operating Profit After Tax Formula

NOPAT represents Net Operating Profit After Tax and speaks to an organization’s supposed pay from tasks in the event that it had no obligation. NOPAT is utilized to make organizations increasingly similar by expelling the effect of their capital structure. Along these lines, it’s simpler to look at two organizations in a similar industry (for example one with no influence and the other with noteworthy influence).

Networking benefit after duty demonstrates how well an organization performed through its center tasks, net of charges. The figure does exclude one-time charges; these don’t give a genuine description of an organization’s actual productivity. A portion of these charges may incorporate charges identifying with a merger or acquisition, which, whenever considered, don’t really demonstrate a precise image of the organization’s tasks, despite the fact that they may influence the organization’s primary concern that year.

### Relevance and Uses of NOPAT Formula

In money related demonstrating, Net Operating Profit After Tax is utilized as the beginning stage for determining unlevered free income (i.e. free income to the firm FCFF).

The most widely recognized way to deal with valuation is to figure a company’s venture esteem (rather than its value esteem) so the capital structure of the business is overlooked, and just the association’s advantages are utilized for deciding its esteem.

As you will find in the precedent underneath of a DCF display, the “Limited Cash Flow” area begins with EBT, includes back premium cost, and lands at EBIT, which is what could be compared to Operating Profit. From that point, “money charges” are found, which depends on duplicating Operating Profit (EBIT) by the expense rate.

All the same providing auditors with a proportion of center working proficiency without the impact of obligation, mergers and acquisitions experts utilize networking benefit after duty. They utilize this to ascertain free income to the firm (FCFF), which approaches networking benefit after duty, short changes in working capital. They additionally use it in the estimation of financial free income to the firm (FCFF), which breaks even with networking benefit after expense less capital. Both are basically utilized by experts searching for procurement focuses since the acquirer’s financing will supplant the ebb and flow financing course of action. Another approach to computing networking benefit after an assessment is a net gain in addition to net after-charge intrigue cost, or overall gain in addition to net intrigue cost, duplicated by 1, less the duty rate.

### NOPAT Formula Calculator

You can use the following NOPAT Calculator

Net Income | |

Tax | |

Interest | |

Non-Operating Gains/Losses | |

Tax Rate | |

NOPAT Formula | |

NOPAT Formula = | (Net Income + Tax + Interest + Non-Operating Gains/Losses) * (1 - Tax Rate) | |

(0 + 0 + 0 + 0) * (1 - 0) = | 0 |

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