Updated May 10, 2023
Difference Between MySQL vs Oracle
MySQL is a relational database. It is fast and easy to use. It is one of the most popular open-source databases. It is commonly used in small web-based applications and PHP scripts to create powerful and dynamic server-side applications. Oracle Corporation develops, releases, and maintains Oracle, the leading DBMS solution software. It is an Object-Relational Database Management System (ORDBMS). Oracle DB is an enterprise grid computing database that provides an effective way to manage data.
What is Oracle DBMS?
Data storage is the most important thing we consider when designing an application. The most crucial part of an application is the way we store data. When an application stores data, the database concept comes into the story. A database is where we store data in an organized manner electronically. Oracle DBMS is an Object-Relational Database Management System. Lawrence Ellison and two of his colleagues initially developed Oracle, commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply Oracle, in 1977.
The Oracle database has four variants: Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Express Edition, and Oracle Lite. The Enterprise Edition is the most robust, full of powerful features. The Standard Edition does the primary job and is less powerful than the Enterprise Edition. The express edition has limited features, is free, and is limited to Windows and Linux. Lastly, Oracle Lite is designed for mobile devices. The latest version is Oracle 18c, released in February 2018.
The Oracle Corporation is a multinational computer technology corporation based in Redwood City, California, USA. Oracle Corporation is one of the largest database solutions providers.
What is MySQL DBMS?
Open-source projects that require a full-featured database management system commonly use MySQL alongside. Some examples are Joomla, Word Press, and Drupal. MySQL is widely used in many small and big businesses. MySQL AB, a Swedish company, initially developed it but was later acquired by Sun Microsystems in 2008. MySQL is currently owned and maintained by Oracle Corporation. MySQL is written in C and C++. It is open source and registered under GNU General Public License. The latest version is MySQL 8.0, released on April 2018.
Head To Head Comparison Between MySQL vs Oracle
Below are the top 7 differences between MySQL vs Oracle:
Examples of MySQL vs Oracle
The below example shows how to create a table in MySQL vs Oracle.
|CREATE TABLE customers
( id number(10) NOT NULL,
name varchar2(50) NOT NULL,
CONSTRAINT customers_pk PRIMARY KEY (id)
|CREATE TABLE customers
( cus_id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, cus_firstname VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
cus_surname VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY ( cus_id )
This example shows the syntax of the Stored Procedure MySQL vs Oracle.
|CREATE [OR REPLACE] PROCEDURE proc_name [list of parameters]
| DELIMITER //
CREATE PROCEDURE proc_name()
For both of the above examples, we need to compile the codes and execute them.
Advantages of Oracle over MySQL:
We may choose Oracle over MySQL in the following cases:
- When we require flexibility in terms of transaction control.
- When we plan to host an extensive database.
- When we need a high degree of scalability.
- When we want our database to be platform-independent.
Advantages of MySQL over Oracle:
We may choose MySQL over Oracle in the following cases:
- When we aren’t going to scale to any significant degree.
- When we are planning to create a read-only web app or a website.
- When we require a high degree of replication.
- When our project only requires simple queries and has a low concurrency rate.
- When a budget is a constraint.
MySQL vs Oracle Comparison Table
Below is the topmost comparison between MySQL vs Oracle:
|Basis of Comparison||Oracle||MySQL|
|Type||It is an Object-Relational Database Management System (ORDBMS)||It is an open-source relational database management system.|
|Cost||Oracle is licensed, but we can get the Express edition for free. The Express edition has limited functionalities and is only recommended for educational and testing purposes.||MySQL is free and licensed under the GNU General Public License.|
|Scalability||Oracle is recommended for very large-scale deployments.||Experts recommend MySQL for both small and big businesses.|
|Stored Procedure||Oracle supports a Stored Procedure that is embedded within the database. Stored Procedures can be executed independently or triggered by certain events.||There is no support for Stored Procedures in MySQL until version 5.|
|Customizability||Oracle is not customizable, as it is a closed source.||A programmer can modify MySQL to suit individual environment-based requirements.|
|Data Partitioning||Oracle supports data partitioning.||MySQL does not support data partitions. It requires a server for each set of data files.|
|Security||Oracle requires a username, password, and profile validation for logging in.||MySQL requires only a username, password, and host.|
There are many similarities in both MySQL and Oracle languages, but choosing a language depends on the project specifications. Suppose software or web application is being built. If we are building an application that requires stable database functioning due to an extensive data set, we can go with Oracle. If we are building a basic application that requires a database and not a massive collection of data that needs to be stored, we may go with MySQL. Furthermore, it depends upon the developer’s familiarity with the DBMS application. While Oracle has been a legend in RDBMS for decades, MySQL, with its recent updates, serves the purpose very well. The application’s class being developed and its architectural requirements determine the database.
This has been a guide to the top difference between MySQL vs Oracle. Here we have discussed MySQL vs Oracle key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –