Difference Between MySQL and Oracle
MySQL is a relational database. It is fast and easy to use. It is one of the most popular open-source databases. It is very commonly used in small web-based applications along with PHP scripts to create powerful and dynamic server-side applications. Oracle is the leading DBMS solution software developed, released and maintained by Oracle Corporation. It is an Object-Relational Database Management System (ORDBMS). Oracle DB is an enterprise grid computing database that provides an effective way to manage data.
What is Oracle DBMS?
When we design an application the most important thing we think of is data storage. The most crucial part of an application is the way we store data. When an application stores data the concept of the database comes into the story. A database is a place where we store data in an organized manner electronically. Oracle DBMS is an Object-Relational Database Management System. It is commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle. Oracle was originally developed in 1977 by Lawrence Ellison and two of his colleagues.
There are four variants of the Oracle database namely: Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Express Edition, and Oracle Lite. The Enterprise Edition is the most robust, full of features and the most powerful version. The Standard Edition does the basic job and is not as powerful as the Enterprise Edition. The express edition has limited features and is free and limited to Windows and Linux. Lastly, Oracle Lite is designed for mobile devices. The latest version is Oracle 18c released in February 2018.
The Oracle Corporation is a multinational computer technology corporation based in Redwood City, California, USA. Oracle Corporation is one of the largest database solutions providers.
What is MySQL DBMS?
MySQL is commonly used along with open source projects that require a full-featured database management system. Some of the examples are Joomla, Word Press and Drupal. MySQL is commonly used in many small and big businesses. It was initially developed by MySQL AB, a Swedish company but was later on acquired by Sun Microsystems in 2008. MySQL is currently owned and maintained by Oracle Corporation. MySQL is written in C and C++. It is open source and registered under GNU General Public License. The latest version is MySQL 8.0 released on April 2018.
Head To Head Comparison Between MySQL and Oracle
Below is the top 7 difference between MySQL and Oracle
Examples of MySQL vs Oracle
The below example shows how to create a table in MySQL vs Oracle.
|CREATE TABLE customers
( id number(10) NOT NULL,
name varchar2(50) NOT NULL,
CONSTRAINT customers_pk PRIMARY KEY (id)
|CREATE TABLE customers
( cus_id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, cus_firstname VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
cus_surname VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY ( cus_id )
This example shows the syntax of Stored Procedure MySQL vs Oracle.
|CREATE [OR REPLACE] PROCEDURE proc_name [list of parameters]
| DELIMITER //
CREATE PROCEDURE proc_name()
For both the above examples, we need to compile the codes and execute them.
Advantages of Oracle over MySQL:
We may Oracle over MySQL in the following cases:
- When we require flexibility in terms of transaction control.
- When we plan to host a large database.
- When we require a high degree of scalability.
- When we want our database to be platform-independent.
Advantages of MySQL over Oracle:
We may choose MySQL over Oracle in the following cases:
- When we aren’t going to scale to any large degree.
- When we are planning to create a read-only web app or a website.
- When we require a high degree of replication.
- When our project only requires simple queries and has a low concurrency rate.
- When a budget is a constraint.
MySQL vs Oracle Comparison Table
Below is the topmost comparison:
|Basis Of Comparison||Oracle||MySQL|
|Type||It is an Object-Relational Database Management System (ORDBMS)||It is an open-source relational database management system.|
|Cost||Oracle is licensed but we can get the Express edition for free. The Express edition comes with very limited functionalities and is only recommended for educational and testing purposes.||MySQL is free and licensed under the GNU General Public License.|
|Scalability||Oracle is recommended for very large scale deployments.||MySQL is recommended for small and big businesses.|
|Stored Procedure||Oracle supports a Stored Procedure that is embedded within the database. Stored Procedures can be executed independently or triggered by certain events.
|There is no support for Stored Procedure in MySQL until version 5.|
|Customizability||Oracle is not customizable as it is closed source.||A programmer can modify MySQL to suit individual environment based requirements.|
|Data Partitioning||Oracle supports data partitioning.||MySQL does not support data partitions. It requires a server for each set of data files.|
|Security||Oracle requires a username, password, and profile validation for logging in.||MySQL requires an only username, password, and host.|
There so many similarities in both MySQL vs Oracle languages but choosing a language to depend upon the project specifications. If software or web application is being built. If we are building an application that requires stable database functioning due to a very large set of data, we can go with Oracle. If we are building a basic application that requires a database and not a huge set of data needs to be stored, we may go with MySQL. Furthermore, it totally depends upon the developer and their familiarity with the DBMS application. While Oracle is a legend in RDBMS for decades, MySQL with its recent updates serves the purpose very well. Yet again, it totally depends upon the class of the application being developed and its architectural requirements which determine the database.
This has a been a guide to the top difference between MySQL vs Oracle. Here we also discuss the MySQL vs Oracle key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following MySQL vs Oracle articles to learn more –