What is the IDEA Algorithm?
IDEA stands for International Data Encryption Algorithm. It is basically a symmetric block cipher algorithm. The asymmetric algorithm uses the same key for both encryption and decryption. A block cipher divides the message into blocks, each one of a fixed length, and then you encrypt each block independently.
Understanding IDEA Algorithm
 The typical block size is 16 bytes of 128 bits. A block cipher will typically operate in round blocks where part of the key is applied to the round and then other operations are performed on it. After a certain number of rounds, say between 10 to 16, we end up with our ciphertext for that block.
 The ciphertext block is exactly the same size as the plain text block, 16 bytes. For each round, we operate on the block using a part of the encryption key that we call as the round key. We derive the multiple round keys from the encryption key using a key schedule.
 The key schedule is an algorithm that Shifts, XORs, Multiplies and performs other types of operation on the original encryption key in order to come up with these round keys. Well if I have 16byte block and I have a 128bit key, which is also 16 bytes,
Confusion and Diffusion
Let’s understand the difference between Confusion and Diffusion.
Confusion
 Confusion has to do with the relation between key and ciphertext.
 We ensure that a small change in the key leads to a large change in the ciphertext.
 XOR is not sufficient; onetoone.
 Key Schedule.
Diffusion
 Diffusion has to do with the relation between the message and ciphertext.
 A small change in the message > large change in the ciphertext.
 Hides patterns within the message.
So Electronic Code Book mode of operation, we will usually run a block cipher in Cipher Block Chaining mode of operation or CBC. With cipher block chaining, you will XOR the previous block’s ciphertext with the previous block’s with the next block’s plain text, before you were encrypted. In that way, every block in the message depends upon all of the blocks that came before.
Data Encryption Standard (DES)
Let’s look at some of the aspects of the Data Encryption Standard (DES).
Key Length
 64bit input
 8bit parity check
 56bit effective key
Weakness
 Theoretical
 Short key
Understanding IDEA Algorithm in Detail
The 64bit input plain text blockdivided into 4 part (16 bits each) Declare p1 to p4
 Therefore, p1 to p4 will be the inputs for the initial round of the algorithm.
 There are 8 such rounds.
 The key is made up of 128 bits.
 In each round, 6 subkeys will be produced.
 Each one of the subkeys includes 16 bits.
 All these subkeys will be put on the 4 input blocks p1 to p4.
 The last actions include Output Transformation which usually benefits simply 4 subKeys.
 The last result created is 4 blocks of ciphertext C1 to C4 (each one of 16 bits).
 They are mixed to create the last 64bit ciphertext block.
Single Round Information
 There are 8 rounds in IDEA
 Every single requires a number of operations around the four data blocks applying 6 keys.
 These steps work numerous mathematical activities.
 There are multiple *, add * & XOR procedures.
 Multiply * means multiplication modulo
 Add* requires addition modulo
Output Transformation
 It can be a onetime procedure.
 It requires places by the end of the 8th round.
 The input towards the Output transformation is, a 64bit value divided into 4 subblocks (state R1 to R4 every among 16 bits).
 The four 16 bits Subkeys (K1 to K4) are used here.
 The process of the outcome transformation can be as follows.
Conclusion
 IDEA may be a recognized cipher which has been examined by many experts for the previous 10 Subkey creation for the round, each one of the 8 rounds utilizes 6 subkeys (hence 8 * 6 = 48 subkeys are essential for the rounds). The last result transformation benefits 4 subkeys (i.e. 48 + 4 = 52 subkeys total). From an input key 128 bits, all these 52 subkeys will be produced years, as well as, however, no strike against five or higher of its 8.5 rounds has been found.
 Because of its toughness against cryptanalytic attacks and because of its inclusion in several wellknown cryptographic deals, IDEA can be trusted. The Basic IDEA algorithm is definitely not which can be likened for effectiveness or security with simple versions of DES or AES. The Basic IDEA algorithm is intended to assist learners to be familiar with the IDEA algorithm by giving a version of IDEA that enables instances to get worked well manually, and also to offer a comparison of the technique of IDEA together with the ways of DES and AES.
Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to the IDEA Algorithm. Here we discussed the Data Encryption Standard, Single Round Information, Output Transformation, Confusion, and Diffusion of IDEA algorithm. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –
 K Means Clustering Algorithm
 Naive Bayes Algorithm
 Ray Tracing Algorithm
 What is a Greedy Algorithm?
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