Introduction to Encryption Algorithm
In the contemporary period, where the security of the data or application is the main concern, there are lots of things that have been developed to protect the system against breaches and the Encryption Algorithm is one among them. Encryption Algorithm can be defined as the mathematical procedure that the data has to pass through in order to get converted into the ciphertext. The main purpose of the Encryption Algorithm is to manipulate the critical information in a way so that only the authorized person can understand it. The output of the encryption algorithm is mainly a long string of the characters that moreover looks like junks and one will need the appropriate key to convert that junk into useful information.
Encryption may also be considered as the set of statements that add randomness to the string which could be decoded using a particular key. The output of the data processed through the Encryption Algorithm is called ciphertext and one needs the correct key to decode it. It was developed to mitigate the man in the middle attack in which the malicious user can intercept the traffic to sniff the data between the legitimate application and the authorized user. Encryption has been mainly bifurcated into two modes: Symmetric and asymmetric, that we will see later.
Different Types of Encryption Algorithm
There is an Encryption Algorithm that has been developed to add security features with the data that has exchanged between the peers. Depending upon the security requirements, the different Encryption Algorithm can be used with the cipher suite. Below are some of the important Encryption Algorithms:

AES
 AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard which is the most common mode of data encryption.
 AES used 128 bit for data encryption while it also has the tendency to bring 192 and 256bit heavy encryption.
 This encryption algorithm has been endorsed by the US government and can be considered best to protect the system against all kinds of attacks, but not the brute force attack.

RSA
 RSA can be defined as the de facto algorithm to encrypt the data transmitted over the internet.
 It is nothing but the asymmetric algorithm and has been considered just opposite to that of Triple DES that is a symmetric algorithm.
 In RSA, the data has been encrypted using the public key while a private key has been used to decode it. The main concern comes in while using this algorithm is, the private key has to be kept very secure to protect the data or system from abuse.

Triple DES
 Triple DES can be defined as the updated or advanced version of the Data Encryption Standard that has been used to encrypt the data in many organizations.
 Triple DES is the symmetric algorithm and hence depends upon a single key to encrypt and decrypt the data.
 It has been called Triple DES as the uses three different keys of 56 bits each in order to encrypt the data which eventually makes it 168bit data encryption.
 In some of the industries, DES has been considered as the standard to protect the data as it is the most common encryption algorithm.

Blowfish
 Blowfish may be defined as the symmetric algorithm that has been introduced to replace the Data Encryption Standard(DES).
 This algorithm divides the entire message into the block of 64 bits which then gets encrypted individually to enhance the security.
 Blowfish is often used in the websites that accept or process the payment online in order to encrypt the card and other critical details.

Twofish
 Twofish can be defined as another symmetric algorithm that is actually a predecessor of Blowfish.
 Unlike to Blowfish, there is just a single key used to encrypt or decrypt the data and the key is supposed to be a 256bit long key.
 It is freely available for anyone who wants to use it and due to its free and easy availability, it has been preferred by several software and hardware environments.
Understanding Symmetric and Asymmetric Algorithm
Let’s discuss the two modes of encryption below:
Symmetric Algorithm
It may be defined as the encryption algorithm that uses a single key to encrypt and decrypt the data. The data has to pass through this algorithm to get transformed into the ciphertext that can be decrypted by any of the peers using the same key that has been used to decrypt it. It is used as the core algorithm to develop other algorithms like Blowfish, Twofish and so on.
Asymmetric Algorithm
It may be defined as the kind of encryption algorithm that uses two different keys to encrypt and decrypt the data. The key used to encrypt the message is called the public key while the key used to decrypt the message is called the private key. Between the two keys, the private key has to be kept very secure to protect the system from a man in the middle attack. The encryption algorithms like RSA uses this mode of encryption.
Conclusion
There are several encryption algorithms out there in the market available for us to secure the data that has to be transmitted through the internet. The sole reason for the existence of these algorithms is to protect the man in the middle attack which is concerned with the sniffing of data by someone malicious in an unauthorized manner. Based on the requirement of the software or the hardware system, we can choose the encryption algorithm among various available options. In some organizations, usually, they select any particular algorithm as the standard one in order to transform the message into ciphertext.
4.6 (3,144 ratings)
View Course
As per the requirement based on the speed of encryption, the algorithm has to have opted. For instance, the Blowfish encryption algorithm works enough fast to speed up the encryption processes. So many of the systems that require quick encryption and decryption of the data should have to process with Blowfish. When it comes to governmentbased organizations, they prefer to have their standard encryption algorithm applied everywhere in order to manage the standard. There are several algorithms that have been made available for free so that the organization will low budget in their security department can also leverage it to protect their data being exchanged online.
Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to the Encryption Algorithm. Here we have discuss the Different Types of Encryption Algorithm along with Understanding of Symmetric and Asymmetric Algorithm. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –