**COUNTIFS with Multiple Criteria (Table of Contents)**

## Introduction to COUNTIFS with Multiple Criteria

Excel provides us COUNTIFS function to return a count if certain conditions are met. The function purely works for multiple conditions. This technique is quite useful in complex calculations that involve huge dataset. COUNTIFS takes multiple parameters as input, but the parameters are of two types only viz. condition value, and range in which condition value is to be searched.

### How to Use COUNTIFS Function in Excel?

Now, we will go through a step-by-step procedure to implement and use countifs with multiple criteria, in Excel. For this demonstration, we are going to use Volume distributed to various regions of India. Volume is a measure present in the dataset which has been given by Region, Mode, and Product dimensions. Mode essentially refers to the distribution mode. We’ll use countifs to return the count based on multiple criteria. Let’s go through the following section to understand this.

- First have a look at the data which is as shown in the following screenshot. Observe the dimensions and the measure present in the dataset.

- As we can see, going through the dataset, we have three dimensions which form three criteria columns. We may want to have a count based on criteria column shown above. Now, imagine we want count for conditions as shown by the following table.

- As we can see above, we want to know the count based on the criteria represented by the two columns. Here, by criteria, to give an example, we essentially mean that count the number of entries for which Region is Ahmedabad, and Mode is M1. This task seems to be difficult, but Excel, provides us a very easy approach through the COUNTIFS function. Let’s first see how the COUNTIFS function works.

As can be seen in the above screenshot, when we enter the countifs function, Excel automatically shows what parameters need to be passed into the function. The COUNTIFS function takes multiple criteria ranges and corresponding criteria. The first criteria range and criteria appears as criteria range1, and criteria1.

- We will use the COUNTIFS function now. For this, let’s pass the input parameters properly. First parameter is criterion range. Here criteria range is the range in the table in which we want to search the criterion for counting. In this case, the first criteria range would be Range column, and the criterion would be the name of the region which needs to be searched in the range. The criterion has to be selected from the table in which we want the value. The following screenshot shows how first criterion range and criterion are passed as parameters in the table.

Do not just forget to make the criteria range constant (append $ sign in the range) as can be seen in the above screenshot.

- We also have another criterion to be met. This is pertaining to mode. For this follow the same procedure that we followed for the first criterion except that we would be selecting the Mode column and the criterion range2 from the dataset, and corresponding value for mode in the other table as the criterion. The implementation is as shown by the following screenshot.

- Now, once done close the function and press enter. Observe if we get the correct result. As can be seen in the below screenshot, the COUNTIFS function has returned the value 4 which shows that for region Ahmedabad, mode value M1 appears four times. This is correct as can be seen going through the dataset. Now, let’s implement this function for other region values in the table. For this copy the function for these entries. Doing this we get the corresponding count values as can be seen in the following table.

- So, we find that the COUNTIFSS function makes the seemingly difficult task very easy. The above example we saw had to criteria. Now, we also have a third dimension in the table which is Product. Now, let’s imagine we want to identify the number of entries with particular region that used one of the two modes for a certain product. So, this necessarily means that we have three criteria. Well, implementation of COUNTIFS won’t much differ than what we saw previously, only that we shall now have third criteria range and a corresponding criteria which shall be related to Product dimension. The table containing criteria is as shown below. We want to return count based on these criteria.

- The following screenshot shows the implementation of the COUNTIFS function in order to return count based on three conditions as shown in the above table. Observing the screenshot, we can say that it is just an extended version of the COUNTIFS implementation that we saw previously.

- Now, when the function is implemented we get the value 1 which means we have 1 such entry that meets these three criteria. Let’s copy the function across all the desired cells. Doing this we get the result which is shown by the following table.

As we can see above, for certain entries we have got zero. This means that there exist no such entries in the dataset. For remaining entries, we got value 1 meaning that such combinations are present.

### Things to Remember

- The COUNTIFS function in Excel must be used only when there are two or more criteria. For dealing with single condition Excel provides other mechanisms.
- While implementing the COUNTIFS function, it must be noted that criterion range and criterion are selected from correct sources else the result would be incorrect.

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