Total Cost Formula (Table of Contents)
What is Total Cost Formula?
The term “total cost” refers to the overall cost of production that involves both fixed and variable components of cost. The formula for total cost can be derived by adding the total fixed cost to the total variable cost. by the number of goods produced. Mathematically, it is represented as,
However, the total variable cost can be further expanded into a product of a number of units produced an average variable cost per unit as shown below.
Total Variable Cost = Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
Therefore, the formula for total cost can be represented as shown below.
Examples of Total Cost Formula (With Excel Template)
Let’s take an example to understand the calculation of Total Cost in a better manner.
Total Cost Formula – Example #1
Let us take the example of SDF Ltd which is a company engaged in the manufacturing of auto parts components. During a recent internal cost audit, the accounts department informed that the total fixed cost of production for the company is $10,000 per month while the average variable cost per unit is $5. Based on the given information, Calculate the total cost of production for the company when the quantity of monthly production is:
4.5 (1,206 ratings)
 2,000 units
 3,000 units
 5,000 units
For 2,000 Units
Total Cost of Production is calculated using the formula given below
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
 Total Cost = $10,000 + $5 * $2,000
 Total Cost = $20,000
For 3,000 Units
Total Cost of Production is calculated using the formula given below
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
 Total Cost = $10,000 + $5 * $3,000
 Total Cost = $25,000
For 5,000 Units
Total Cost of Production is calculated using the formula given below
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
 Total Cost = $10,000 + $5 * $5,000
 Total Cost = $35,000
In this example, it can be seen that the total cost of production is directly proportional to the level of production.
Total Cost Formula – Example #2
Let us take another example where the depreciation cost and rental expenses are $15,000 and $5,000 respectively. On the other hand, the raw material costs and labour costs of production per unit $4 and $2 per unit. Based on the given information, Calculate the total cost of production when the quantity of production is:
 1,000 units
 1,500 units
 3,000 units
For 1,000 Units
Total Fixed Cost is calculated using the formula given below
Total Fixed Cost = Depreciation Cost + Rental Expense
 Total Fixed Cost = $15,000 + $5,000
 Total Fixed Cost = $20,000
Average Variable Cost Per Unit is calculated using the formula given below
Average Variable Cost Per Unit = Raw Material Cost Per Unit + Labour Cost Per Unit
 Average Variable Cost Per Unit = $4 + $2
 Average Variable Cost Per Unit = $6
Total Cost of Production is calculated using the formula given below
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
 Total Cost = $20,000 + $6 * $1,000
 Total Cost = $26,000
For 1,500 Units
Total Cost of Production is calculated using the formula given below
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
 Total Cost = $20,000 + $6 * $1,500
 Total Cost = $29,000
Quantity of units produced = 3,000
Total Cost of Production is calculated using the formula given below
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
 Total Cost = $20,000 + $6 * $3,000
 Total Cost = $38,000
Explanation
The formula for total cost can be derived by using the following five steps:
Step 1: Firstly, determine the cost of production which is fixed in nature i.e. that cost which do not change with the change in the level of production. Some examples of the fixed cost of production are selling expense, rent expense, depreciation cost, etc.
Step 2: Next, determine the average variable cost per unit for those expenses which are dependent on the level of production. Some examples of the variable cost of production are labour cost, raw material cost, etc.
Step 3: Next, determine the level of production or the number of units produced.
Step 4: Finally, the formula for total cost can be derived by adding the product of average variable cost per unit (step 2) and quantity of units produced (step 3) with the total fixed cost of production (step 1) as shown below.
Total Cost = Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced
Relevance and Uses of Total Cost Formula
The concept of the total cost of production is very important to understand from the perspective of production managers because it helps in the assessment of overall profit margin at a different level of production. Principally, the total fixed cost is not expected to change over a shorter period of period and so the total cost of production is primarily driven by the change in average variable cost per unit. Nevertheless, the total fixed cost is also equally important because it is the sum of total fixed cost and total variable cost which when deducted from the revenue will give the company profit. As such, the formula for total cost is very useful for all business.
Total Cost Formula Calculator
You can use the following Total Cost Calculator
Total Fixed Cost  
Average Variable Cost Per Unit  
Quantity of Units Produced  
Total Cost  
Total Cost =  Total Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Per Unit * Quantity of Units Produced  
0 + 0 * 0 =  0 
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This is a guide to Total Cost Formula. Here we discuss how to calculate Total Cost along with practical examples. We also provide a Total Cost calculator with a downloadable excel template. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –
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