Differences Between Raspberry Pi 3 and Arduino
Raspberry Pi is a credit-card sized computer with low cost, which plugs into a computer monitor or TV, and to operate it, a user can use a standard keyboard and mouse to operate it. Raspberry Pi is a series of single-board computers. This is developed to promote and create awareness of basic computer science in schools across the world. An Arduino is a microcontroller motherboard. A microcontroller is a simple computer in that, only one program can be run at a time. It is very easy to use. Arduino is an open-source and prototype platform that is based on software and hardware.
Raspberry Pi 3
Raspberry was developed by the Raspberry Pi Foundation in the United Kingdom. The latest version of the Raspberry Pi computer is Raspberry Pi 3 Model B, which is a very tiny credit card size computer. This can be used efficiently just by connecting a mouse, keyboard, display, power supply, micro SD card along with installing Linux Distribution in it and that makes a fully-fledged computer where the user can run all the applications from word processors and spreadsheets to games.
Raspberry Pi 3 is an online and open-source website creation tool written in PHP language. It is the most popular open source Content Management System. The Raspberry Pi 3 Model B is the first Raspberry Pi model to be open-source from the get-go. The Raspberry Pi 3 is a quad-core and it is much faster and capable than its previous Raspberry Pi models.
The advantages of Raspberry Pi 3 Model B over its predecessor:
- The new board in Raspberry Pi 3 Model B is capable of playing 1080p MP4 video at 60 frames per second, which boost the Pi’s media center credentials.
- The Raspberry Pi 3 comes with built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth which helps to also support the wireless internet out of the box.
- The Pi 3 board supports remote updates to Pi and also sharing images of the operating system between multiple computer machines like the booting process can be directly done by using a USB-attached hard drive or pen drive and also by supporting booting from a network-attached file system.
Arduino is an open-source and prototype platform that is based on software and hardware. It is easy to use. Arduino is the overall microcontroller motherboard and it has ready-made software called Arduino IDE (Integrated Development Environment), this software is used to write and upload the computer program code to the physical board.
Some of the features of Arduino areas listed below:
- Microcontroller motherboard in Arduino is capable to read the analog /digital input signals from different sensors and then convert those signals into an output process like turning LED on/off, activating a motor, etc.
- The user can control the functions of a board by sending signals (set of instructions) to the microcontroller board using Arduino IDE software.
- Arduino does not require any extra piece of hardware/programmer whenever to want to load a new piece of program to the board. It can be done by using a USB cable.
- Since Arduino IDE uses an easier version of C++, it is very easy to learn the programming language to program.
Head to Head Comparison Between Raspberry Pi 3 and Arduino (Infographics)
Below is the top 6 differences between Raspberry Pi 3 vs Arduino
Key Differences between Raspberry Pi 3 and Arduino
Both are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major difference:
- The Raspberry Pi 3 is a series of single Board Computer. The single-board consists of a fully functional computer with its dedicated memory, processor and it runs an operating system (runs on Linux). Whereas Arduino is a Microcontroller board and this board is not as powerful as Raspberry Pi 3 single-board computers, but a microcontroller board can be great for quick setups.
- The Raspberry Pi 3 is so faster than the Arduino, means Raspberry Pi 3 has 1.2 GHz whereas Arduino has only 16 MHz.This helps to process tasks like playing videos, surfing the web, listening to music, etc. very fast compared to Arduino.
- Arduino is a simple approach and more attractive for building a project. The Arduino has a convenient and user-friendly time interfacing with analog sensors, motor, or other components, whereas Raspberry Pi 3 has a very complicated path to get sensor readings such as installing software, libraries, etc.
- The Raspberry Pi 3 is designed to run operating systems whereas Arduino is not designed to run on operating systems.
Raspberry Pi 3 vs Arduino Comparison Table
Below is the topmost comparison
|Raspberry Pi 3||Arduino|
|About & Definition||The latest version of the Raspberry Pi computer is Raspberry Pi 3 Model B.
Raspberry Pi is a series of single-board computers. It is a credit-card sized computer with low cost, which plugs into a computer monitor or TV, and to operate it, a user can use a standard keyboard and mouse to operate it.
|An Arduino is a microcontroller motherboard. A microcontroller is a simple computer in that, only one program can be run at a time. It is very easy to use.
Arduino is an open-source and prototype platform based on hardware and software which is easy to use.
|The Raspberry Pi 3 is a series of single Board Computer. The single board consists of a fully functional computer with its dedicated memory, processor and it runs an operating system (runs on Linux).||The Arduino is a Microcontroller board and this board is not as powerful as Raspberry Pi 3 single board computers, but the microcontroller board can be great for quick setups.
Microcontrollers are good when it comes to controlling the small devices but it is not possible to run an entire operating system.
|The Raspberry Pi 3 can be connected to Bluetooth devices and the Internet right out of the box using Ethernet or by connecting to Wi-Fi.||Arduino cannot connect to Bluetooth devices and Internet without a Shield which adds Internet or Bluetooth connectivity. HATs (Hardware Attached on Top) and Shields help with this process.|
|Ports available in the board||Below ports available in Raspberry Pi 3 board :
HDMI port, audio port, 4 USB ports, camera port, and LCD port, these help in media applications.
|Arduino does not have any of the ports on the Microcontroller board.
But it can be achieved by using Shields.
|The Raspberry Pi 3 is a set of several -computer, it performs multitask several programs with its Broadcom BCM2837 SoC, means to build a complex project it needs multiple actions at a time and can be achieved easily using Raspberry Pi 3.||It cannot be achieved in Arduino since Microcontrollers have only 16 MHz|
|Area of usage||Raspberry Pi is best to use when a user requires fully-fledged computer means when the user wants to control a more complicated robot, doing intense calculations, performing multiple tasks.||Arduino microcontroller board can be used for simple and repetitive tasks such as functionality like garage door opening and closing of it, reading temperature and reporting it to social websites (ex: Twitter) and run a simple robot.|
Both Arduino vs Raspberry Pi 3 possess advantages and disadvantages on one other with its own and great qualities.
If someone is building a project which involves several functionalities at the same time, requires easy access to the Internet and also needs media accessibilities, then Raspberry Pi 3 will be a perfect choice.
If someone is building a project that requires easy reads from easier to connect to analog sensors and expecting to do only a few outputs based on the sensor data, communicates easily with other machine parts, etc. then Arduino is a good choice too with. I hope now you must have got a fairer idea of both Arduino vs Raspberry Pi 3. Stay tuned to our blog for more articles like these.
This has been a guide to the top difference between Raspberry Pi 3 vs Arduino. Here we also discuss the key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following Raspberry Pi 3 vs Arduino articles to learn more –