Updated April 5, 2023
Difference Between MVC vs MVP
MVC vs MVP, Model View Controller, is the master of all the architectures. MVP and MVVM are derived from MVC. User interfaces are developed and the logic is divided into three interconnected elements of the application. This helps to separate the internal representations. Model View Presenter (MVP) architecture is derived from the Model View Controller form that helps to build interfaces according to the user needs. The presenter acts as a middle man and presents the logic to the user in a presentable format. This is a well-known design pattern by the developers.
Head to Head Comparison Between MVC vs MVP (Infographics)
Below are the top comparison between MVC and MVP
Key Differences Between MVC vs MVP
Let us see the key difference between MVC and MVP:
- The model has the data and represents also maintains the same in MVC. The model state with the data is stored in the database to manage the flow of the data. Data is retrieved and manipulated from the data state which is present in the Model layer. This data is transferred to the presenter layer. There is no interaction with View state in MVP.
- The view is used as a user interface in MVC. Data is displayed to the user with the model, and the user can edit the data in the interface window. View model in MVP has a user interface, activity, and fragments of data, and it interacts with the presenter.
- The user request is handled in the controller. Interaction is done with the view layer, and a URL request is raised that is handled in the controller layer. However, this Controller is not present in MVP and business logic is present directly in View.
- The presenter layer is not present in MVC, and the View layer carries out this task. Data from the model is presented through a presenter, and it controls the behaviour in the application in MVP architecture. It directs the View layer and manages the interaction between model and view. Data is also saved back to the model.
- The view layer is important in MVC as it connects the user with the architecture by presenting the interface, allowing them to modify it and present it back to them. View in MVP is not important or tightly coupled with itself so that the user can ignore the view layer easily.
- There is no interaction between view and model in MVC, and the code is run in the controller. The controller handles view and model layers. View and Presenter layers in MVP are reusable and hence it is easy to maintain this architecture. Also, it can be maintained with the help of readable codes written in either markup language or other coding languages.
- The whole unit can be done integration testing in MVP, while only unit testing can be done in MVC with the help of ASP.NET. This is because codes are easily maintainable in MVP.
- Codes are managed well in MVC s; every section of the code has a purpose of maintaining the application’s data, and hence the code is huge. But in MVP, the codes are small and are easily maintained.
Comparison Table of MVC vs MVP
Below is the primary comparison:
|The controller acts as a bridge between view and model layers and hence provides the user interface to the application.||The presenter is used to show the output to the user with the interface. The view is more or less connected only with the model.|
|The coupling in MVC is between the Controller and View to handle the business logic and hence to present the result.||There is a tight coupling between view and presenter, and a change in view affects the presenter’s user interface.|
|Only one user interface is used, which is most basic as this is the primary architecture evolved into designing the application.||Since the user interface is used more, there are a large number of interfaces that make the architecture heavy.|
|Business logic and any other logics are present only in the model layer where the data is present.||Business logic and UI are separate, and hence testing is done easily on the layers as separate and also as integration testing.|
|Debugging is done with the help of ASP.NET, and it takes some time to complete the compilation of the codes.||Debugging is easy for MVP applications, and it will not take much time to do the compiling using the architecture.|
|The layers are separated in a proper divided manner, and the controller connects both the other layers of the architecture.||The layers are separated and hence the fragments and activity classes are ensured to work in their manner.|
|New releases are done easily in MVC architecture and the version release of ASP.NET. It helps the architecture be updated.||New releases cannot be done easily in the MVP architecture, and maintenance and availability cannot always be ensured in the architecture.|
|Unit testing is done in MVC as the layers are properly separated from one another.||The logic and application lie in the business logic that is present in the Model layer. Core testing cannot be done in this case.|
|GUI is controlled in the controller layer, and this helps to do the testing in the layering section alone.||UI and automation create troubles in the testing phase, and it is better to do their testing before going with core logic testing.|
|It shows only one view and cannot accommodate complex views in the application. This will disrupt the architecture.||View to the presenter is mapped as one to one interaction. Different views have different views on the application.|
|Data is retrieved from the model layer, and updating those data is done only in the controller layer. Due to the division, other layers are not involved in any of the activities.||Data is retrieved from the model layer, and updates to the data are done in both the presenter layer and view layer.|
The real pattern for any application is MVC, as others are just making changes to the basic architecture by calling it MVP or MVVM. MVP is updating to new trends according to the user’s requirements and thus making the developer enjoy the benefits to the fullest.
This is a guide to MVC vs MVP. Here we discuss the difference between MVC vs MVP with key differences and a comparison table. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –