Difference Between Leading vs Lagging Indicators
Indicators tell us the state of something which is going to happen next. The most closely tracked indicators are social, business, economic and behavioural indicators. For example, in motorcycles, we use indicators (flashing lights) which shows us that the vehicle is about to change the lane. In the same way, indicators in this leading vs lagging article are more in economic terms; these indicators show us how the economy is changing; a probable estimation that can happen in future in the coming economic business cycle.
What is Leading Indicators
Just like the leader in any group who leads the rest of the members and guide them further, leading indicators does the same for the economy. These indicators in economic terms transfer before all and guide economic market cycle to forecast for future changes.
Leading indicators changes before the actual economy begin to move. As it has a primitive and nature analyst and economist rely on these indicators to arrive at conclusions about any economical shifts and to forecast them. Leading indicators are the actions necessary to achieve the goal.
What is Lagging Indicators
These indicators assure that the particular cycle is confirmed. eg: Recently in the Indian economy the employment rate for 2019 had fallen from 8.7% to 8.2% stating that the economy is performing low and may remain the same in future. They have behaviour to change post change of any scenario. Only after the economy has changed and moved in a particular direction they are as sources of evidence. They do not help in showing the changes in the economy but show the effects of the change in the trend. Economists, traders and analyst use these data to generate signals. Lagging indicators are the result of all the efforts taken to achieve the goal.
Leading vs Lagging Indicators (Infographics)
Below are the top 10 differences between Leading vs Lagging Indicators
Key Differences between Leading vs Lagging Indicators
let us discuss some of the major differences between leading vs lagging indicators:
1) The main differences about the two indicators is that lagging indicators are future-looking and lagged indicators are past actions results. Lagging indicators are output-oriented whereas Leading indicators are result-oriented.
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2) Leading Indicators work as a red flag for giving some signal if any trend happens in the economy whereas, lagging indicators are the results of changes already happened in the past. Lagging indicators is easy to measure but hard to improve but Leading indicators are hard to measure and easier to influence. Leading indicators measure change. They show the likelihood for aim to be achieved.
3) Relying on Leading Indicators and taking decisions may or may not be accurate. This is because there are many factors which influence the trend.
4) Leading Indicators are like options that can happen in future, however, lagging is a proof of event happened in the past. Leading indicators allow you to make decisions before lagging indicators reveal what has happened in the past.
5) Leading Indicators are monitored before taking any decisions to reach to our goal whereas lagging indicators are like lessons that one can learn from the past actions. Lagging indicators are like confirmation that the trend is repeating itself.
6) Leading indicators are like warning signals and Lagging Indicators are as assurance. This is because Lagging indicators quantify current conditions and Leading indicators provide insight into the future.
7) The trend could be followed by the economy is shown in the leading Indicator and trend which is already followed by the economy is lagging indicator. To track Leading indicators you need advance tools and technique.
e.g: All the numbers of the Balance sheet, Income statement and Cash Flow statements are lagging indicators.
Leading vs Lagging Indicators Comparison Table
Let’s discuss the top comparison between Leading vs Lagging Indicators:
|Basis of Comparison between Leading vs Lagging Indicators||Leading Indicators||Lagging Indicators|
|Meaning||A leading indicator gives us future predictions and changes in the future economic cycle.||A lagging indicator gives us past data and gives a delayed reaction to the economic cycle.|
|Behaviour||These Indicators indicate before any change in the economy is visible.||These Indicators only record and cannot be changed as they are already done in the past.|
|Accuracy||As they are the signals the accuracy is not 100 per cent and can be confusing sometimes.||As they are based on the events that are happened in the past the accuracy is 100 Percent.|
|Indication||These show the option of change that can occur in the future.||These show the assurance for the change that has already occurred in the past.|
|Timing||These are monitored before any moment in the market.||These are monitored after any movement in the market.|
|Use||They showcase as a warning for any change in the economic cycle.||They showcase as an assurance for any change in the economic cycle.|
|Trend||These Indicators may or may not be followed as a
the trend in the future.
|The cycle followed by the economy in the past, itself consist of these Indicators.|
|Results||Leading indicators are result-oriented.||Lagging indicators are output-oriented|
|Ease||Leading indicators are hard to measure and easier to influence||Lagging indicators easy to measure but hard to improve|
|Examples||Consumer confidence, Purchasing index, bonds yields and money supply.||The unemployment rate, Consumer price index (CPI), Real GDP, Loans|
All the economists and investors regularly keep a track on the signs for what is ahead of the market to predict and take further decisions. Indicators are a statistic that is used to understand, predict and come to decisions. These signs are traced and tracked for days, months and years to result in a trend. The most important use of indicators is the study of the business cycle.
Lagging indicators are evidence of the pattern actually followed in the economy and how the future trends are like and lagging indicators are the results. The market analyst uses these data that arrives at decisions. The purpose of indicators is to identify ways to improve future performance.
Any indicator (Leading or Lagging) is not the only criteria for finalizing any economical decision. So relying on just indicators is not the best solution but when put together with other data and information and aggregated properly can be a major source for forecasting the future economy
This has been a guide to Leading vs Lagging Indicators. Here we have discuss the Leading vs Lagging Indicators key differences with infographics and comparison table. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –