Updated March 6, 2023
Difference Between JSON and BSON
Let us study much more about JSON and BSON in detail:
- The BSON type supports the dates and binary data, and because of its nature, this is not in a readable form, whereas normal JSON files consist of a key-value pair. It is not a mandate that the BSON files are always smaller than JSON files, but it surely skips the records which are irrelevant, while in the case of JSON, you need to parse each byte. This is the main reason for using it inside MongoDB.
- The BSON type format is lightweight, highly traversable and fast in nature. BSON implementation is used for supporting embedding objects and arrays within other objects. Inside BSON objects, indexes can be built, and the objects are matched against query expressions on the top level and BSON keys. BSON is a binary encoding JSON document that is used to store documents in collections. Support for data types like binary and date, which aren’t supported in JSON, is added into BSON.
- In practicality, much information about BSON is not needed. Using only the native types of the language and the supplied types such as the ObjectID of the driver is needed, and the mapping will be done on its own to the BSON type.
Head to Head Comparison between JSON and BSON (Infographics)
Below is the top 10 difference between JSON vs BSON:
Key Differences between JSON and BSON
Both are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major difference:
BSON is a serialization format encoding format for JSON mainly used for storing and accessing the documents, whereas JSON is a human-readable standard file format mainly used for transmission of data in the form of key-value attribute pairs.
BSON is designed such that it consumes less space, but it is not extremely efficient as JSON. BSON, in fact, in some cases, uses more space than JSON. The reason for this is traversability which means that BSON adds some additional information to documents like string length and sub-objects, which in turn makes the traversing faster.
BSON is also designed in a way that it has a comparatively faster encoding and decoding technique. For example, all those integers stored as 32-bit integers so that they are not parsed with them to and from the text. Therefore, it uses more space than JSON for smaller integers, but BSON is anyway much faster to parse.
In addition to the above-mentioned points, BSON uses additional data types such as BinData and Date data types unavailable in JSON.BSON extends the JSON type model in order to provide additional data types for more efficient encoding and decoding within different languages, whereas in the case of JSON, no such provision is provided. It facilitates data interchange and along with XML, which is particularly the main format. All the basic data types you can think of are supported by JSON, such as numbers, strings, and other Boolean values. It also supports data types such as hashes and arrays. The BSON utilizes the JSON type format to store the data in the form of documents exactly in the way the data is stored in the form of rows and columns in a relational database.
JSON vs BSON Comparison Table
Below is the topmost Comparison between JSON vs BSON :
|The basis Of Comparison||
|Type||Standard file format||Binary file format|
|Speed||Comparatively less fast||Faster|
|Space||Consumes comparatively less space.||More space is consumed.|
|Usage||Transmission of data.||Storage of data.|
|Encoding and Decoding technique||No such technique.||Faster encoding and decoding technique.|
|Characteristics||Key-value pair only used for transmission of data.||Lightweight, fast and traversable.|
|Structure||Language independent format used for asynchronous server browser communication.||Binary JSON which consist of a list of ordered elements containing a field name, type, and value. Field name types are typically a string.|
|Traversal||JSON doesn’t skip rather skims through all the content.||BSON, on the other hand, just indexes on the relevant content and skips all the content which does not have to be in use.|
|Parse||JSON formats need not be parsed as they are in a human-readable format already.||BSON, on the other hand, needs to be parsed as they are easy for machines to parse and generate.|
|Creation type||Broadly JSON consists of an object and an array where the object is a collection of key-value pairs, and the array is an ordered list of values.||The binary encoding technique consists of additional information such as lengths of strings and the object subtypes. Moreover, BinData and Date data types are the data types that are not supported in JSON.|
BSON is not used with every application and mainly extends its usage to NoSQL databases such as MongoDB. Its growing popularity can find its use in many other applications in months to come. On the other hand, many organisations widely use JSON and are among the most popular format being used today in the majority of files. JSON has its own limitations and advantages, and the same is the case for BSON. Choose what suits your organization. Stay tuned to our blogs for more articles like these.
This has been a guide to the top difference between JSON vs BSON. Here we also discuss the BSON vs JSON key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more.