Introduction to IoT Module
The Internet of Things is influencing our lifestyle from the way we react to the way we behave. From the air conditioners that we control on our own to the smart cars which provide the shortest route that tracts our daily activities with connected devices. These devices gather into the environment in which they are supposed to be operated in any physical device by using sensors.
These sensors continuously emit data about the working state of the devices. They share a huge amount of data to provide a common platform for all the devices to communicate with each other. Information is transferred from various sensors and sent to the gateway. IoT platform integrates the collected data from the various sensors and the further analytics is performed on the data and important information is extracted as per the requirement, and then the result is shared with other devices for better user experience in automation and improves the accuracy.
IoT Module Architecture
This module includes three main blocks Node, Gateway, and Services. In the following architecture, circles represent various sensors. location sensors, temperature sensors, humidity sensors; distance sensors, gas sensors, detection sensors, etc are used in IoT as input to any system.
Then by receiving information and specific data from the sensors some controllers and operators are used by protocols as per application after that this data sends to services. In the above architecture, there is N number of services (for example gas leakage detection, temperature monitoring, road path cracks detection, home automation, security, surveillance, greenhouse monitoring. Agriculture water level measurement, soil moisture recording, garbage collection, bridge health detection, home or industry security, parking slot availability, water quality measurement, a map navigation system, machine learning application, etc). There might be a wireless connection from one node to another.
Which Module is Best?
To choose the best model there are certain criteria’s need to be understood;
- The size and scope of application.
- The expected power consumption of a specific application.
- The environment where the application will be deployed.
- Hardware and software requirements for application.
- The scalability of the specific application.
Examples of IoT Module
Following are the examples of IoT module
1. Smart Cities
There are various applications in the city, based on IoT these applications make the city a smart city. Now a day’s vehicle parking is one of the major issues in many cities so sharing real-time information parking area availability can be monitored. Similarly, the condition of bridges, historical places, and buildings can be monitored to avoid accidents. Roads can be monitored by sending warning messages for diversions and road condition to the drivers. In society’s environment, it helps to maintain garbage collection, shopping mall convenience to avoid waiting time, navigation, etc.
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Patient’s conditions inside the hospital and in old homes can be monitored by continuously sharing health data of patients. Iot also helps in medical fridges to monitor and control condition of medicines, vaccines and organic elements.
In air quality applications Iot helps to monitor oxygen level and toxic gas level inside the chemical plants to ensure working safety. It helps to maintain temperature for specific machinery to avoids overheating.
4. Domestic/Home Automation
The major role in home appliances is to save energy and water by keeping a record of power and water uses. Automatically it gives warning after overuse and at the time of wastage. There are various remote control appliances that are more convenient for a good lifestyle. It also monitors conditions inside the art warehouse and museums.
Iot applications detect the human interface in restricted and unauthorized areas to improve security in specific areas. In nuclear power stations, it gives the measurement of radiation level to send a warning for safety. It also detects gas leakages in industries, environments and surrounding areas in society to avoid such accidents.
Iot measures and monitors soil water level as well as soil moisture .it helps the farmers to take according to actions on plants. it improves quality in agriculture. Greenhouse monitoring is also one of the major applications of Iot.
Advantages of IoT Module
- The existing technologies improve their performance in terms of efficiency, energy, resource, etc by using Iot.
- It reduces waste of resources in water management, automatic power uses (eg. Electricity)
- In data collection, IOT arranges data in such a way customer can see only data which is applicable and usable as per need.
- In IoT, devices become cheaper, smaller, powerful and cost-effective.
- IoT also provides a tease of living and comfort to society.
Iot is redefining our lifestyle and transforming the way we interact with technologies. the future of IoT is huge, as per one of the surveys 24 billion Iot devices will be installed by 2025 and IoT revenue will reach around three hundred billion in the coming years.
This is a guide to IoT Module. Here we discuss IoT Architecture, which module is best, with examples and advantages. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more-