Updated February 18, 2023
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Poverty is comparable to slavery when people cannot fulfill their desires. It has different expressions depending on who, where, and when you look at it. There are numerous ways to describe how someone feels or lives. Nobody wants to live in poverty, but some are bound to do so due to culture, the environment, natural disasters, or a lack of proper education. The person experiencing it usually wishes to flee. Poverty serves as a wake-up call for the poor to work hard and earn enough money to meet their basic needs, such as food, shelter, clothing, access to education, and safety from social and political violence. Let us now learn more about the essay on poverty.
What is Poverty?
Poverty refers to a person or family not having enough money to meet even the most basic living standards. As a result, the poor cannot afford necessities such as housing, healthcare, and education due to insufficient support. Poverty can thus define as a lack of resources or, more broadly, as barriers to basic human needs. With the help of this poverty essay, students will learn what poverty is, the leading causes of poverty, and the steps taken to eradicate poverty in India.
The Poverty Line is the minimum spending (or income) required to meet a basic basket of goods and services. The number of people living below this line can use to calculate poverty. State governments use Below Poverty Line (BPL) censuses to collect data and measure it. While the methods for measuring poverty differ from country to country, the basic concept still needs to be. The poverty line remains the same: the consumption required to maintain the national minimum standard of living.
Causes of Poverty
A variety of factors cause poverty. The primary contributors are population growth, unemployment, illiteracy, and a lack of appropriate education and training. In addition, people cannot support themselves because they cannot find work. As a result, they cannot obtain essential services such as drinking water, sanitation, and healthcare. As a result, they are unable to feed their families and children. Additional causes of poverty include war, natural disasters, political instability, and other factors. For example, many nations were then affected by World War II and forced to live in poverty for an extended period. As a result, such nations found it difficult to return to their former states. Similarly, natural disasters severely impact some areas, resulting in poverty and hunger.
The problem is that, despite efforts to eradicate poverty worldwide, it has yet to declare a thing of the past. This issue impacts a person’s economy and daily life; a person’s nature and speech are also essential. Being poor in this world has become a curse. The poor lack access to education because having enough money to buy food is like breaking a curse.
Effects of Poverty
Numerous factors have contributed to it continuing for so long. As a result, freedom, physical and mental fitness, and a sense of unease remain. Therefore, the nation and the entire world must work together to ensure proper physical and mental health, complete education, a home for everyone, and other necessities for everyday life.
Poverty is a problem in today’s society that causes great suffering and despair for the poor. You must show a lack of many things due to a lack of money caused by poverty. Poverty children lead compelled lives. Parents will occasionally bring children’s books when forced to bake bread.
A person living in poverty cannot access necessities such as food twice a day, clean water, a home, clothes, a good education, and so on. Several factors cause poverty in India, and another factor is an unequal distribution of national income. Low-income people are significantly less wealthy than high-income people. Low-income children are never given a good education, adequate nutrition, or a fun environment to grow up in. The leading causes of poverty are income inequality, corruption, population growth, a weak agricultural sector, and illiteracy.
Government Initiatives towards Poverty
The Indian government also took several steps to end poverty in India. Some include population control, increased employment opportunities, and so on. Agriculture still provides a living for approximately 60% of India’s population. The government of India has implemented several policies to promote agriculture. The government constructed dams and canals to facilitate irrigation water access in our country. The government has also ensured that farming supplies such as seeds and equipment are affordable. Instead of growing food crops, the government promotes the cultivation of cash crops such as cotton. In addition, the government is encouraging urban industrialization to increase employment.
In addition, the government established “Ration shops.” Other measures include subsidized housing for the poor, free and compulsory education for children up to 14, scholarships for deserving students from low-income families, and so on.
Although poverty is a social ill, everyone can contribute to its reduction. For example, you could donate old clothes to the needy, sponsor a child’s education, or teach underprivileged students in your spare time. Before you waste food, consider that someone is still sleeping hungry.
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