Updated June 28, 2023
Difference Between Company vs Firm
Registration of your business as a company or a firm is as important as developing the right product to cater to the business’s needs and deliver growth in future years. In business, the terms company and firm are often used interchangeably, but they have different meanings, nature, and characteristics. In this Company vs Firm article, we will understand the key differences between a company and a firm and try to understand their nature and working.
Head To Head Comparison Between Company vs Firm (Infographics)
Below is the top 5 difference between Company vs Firm
Key Differences Between Company vs Firm
Both Company vs Firm are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major differences:
- The key difference between a company and a partnership firm is that to get a partnership firm registered, a minimum of 2 persons and a maximum of 20 persons are required. On the other hand, a company can have a maximum number of persons or employees once registered.
- A partnership firm in India is governed by the Indian Partnership Act 1932, whereas companies are governed by the Indian Companies Act 2013. Both acts have different policies and have their nature and understanding of different policies
- One major difference between a company vs firm is that under a company, the founders of the partners of the company have limited liability only, which means that they are only limited to their share of stake in the firm and are not personally obligated for any debtor in the case of bankruptcy of the company they cannot be held liable. On the other hand, a firm that has partners has unlimited liability and can be personally responsible for the extent of their personal belongings if the firm fails to pay any debt. This is one of the major drawbacks of the nature of the firm or when partners decide to register the business as a partnership firm
- Companies that are registered have shareholders in their company who can be or cannot be employees of the company, whereas, on the other hand, firms can be of the nature of a sole proprietorship or a partnership which can be slightly different than companies who are stakeholders and shareholders.
- In partnership firms, where the number of individuals is comparatively smaller than in a company, the partners have more power to influence decision-making within the firm than in a company’s operations.
- Public limited companies must adhere to the policies of publicly listed companies and be bound to disclose results and publish annual reports for their investors and public shareholders. On the other hand, businesses registered as firms need not disclose their financial information to any outside party or a third party. They are at the discretion to publish any reports or standing of their business.
Company vs Firm Comparison Table
Below is the 5 topmost comparison between Company vs Firm
|It is the mandatory registration of a business going to register they’re established as a company.||Registering your business with the Partnership Act of India is not mandatory for firms.|
|Once registered, a company becomes a separate legal entity and can sue and can be sued under its name.||A firm is not a separate legal entity and cannot contract with third parties under its name.|
|For a registered company, the minimum capital requirement is 1 lakh in a private company and 5 lakh in a public limited.||There is no requirement for capital to register a business as a firm.|
|There are many legal formalities when a company is decided to be dissolved, and a popular winding up needs to be done.||There are no such legal formalities in the case of a firm.|
|The Directors are the management of concern in the case of a company.||The partners themselves are the management of concern in the case of a firm.|
Both companies vs firms operate under similar lines; it is just that there is a difference between the act of governing. A firm can alter its status to become a company, but once a company is registered, it cannot be reverted back to a firm. However, both business concerns’ operations and objectives are similar in line and nature.
This has been a guide to the top difference between Company vs Firm. Here we also discuss the Company vs Firm Stock key differences with infographics and a comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more.