Before start comparing all the things at the same time let’s start with, what is C++? Any programming language is nothing but the collection of instructions given to the computer to get the required output. C++ is developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 at Bell Labs. We can say that C++ is a combination of low-level and high-level languages. C++ is one of the most popular programming languages. C++ is closely related to the C programming language. We can say that C++ is a next level c programming language as “++” suggests new features are getting added to this language. C++ is very powerful and can do a lot of things. If you know C++ very well then you can go ahead and see, what are the other options over C++. When you are learning a language at the start you might come across the question like should I learn C++ at first or not? Here we came up with some language options which can be alternatives to C++.
List of C++ Alternatives
Below is the language option that can be alternatives to C++:
Python is one of my favorite programming languages. It is an interpreted language. it is very easy to learn. Like C++ Python is also a very powerful language. Nowadays Python is getting used by many programs. Over C++, programmers are using Python which is getting used for its shorter syntax and easy to understand. Machine learning, AI, BigData, Hadoop, automation are some of the places where Python is getting a place over other languages.
Ruby is the most interesting language. Ruby programs are much simpler. They span shorter code over the language like C++. It is also an interpreted language like python. Creators of Ruby really emphasized on making language easy to use. Ruby could save a lot of typing. Ruby has a lot of tools and this is getting used by many big companies like FaceBook.
Before we came to know about C# we had two languages like c and C++. C# came from the .Net family by Microsoft. Under.Net we have different languages like C#. If you came from c and C++ programming for you Microsoft has designed the language called C#. C# can be considered as an extension for C++. Whatever we learned in C++ can be get applied easily in C#.
Scala is a very efficient and fast programming language. In technology like the BigData scale is very important. The main motto to make scala programming language is to make it scalable. Every Programming language like C++, Java, C#, Python has some barrier at some point. This barrier has finished with Scala. As the name suggests that it is a scalable programming language. Technology like Hadoop and spark only uses Scala as their programming language.
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Java is a pure object-oriented language as compared to C++. The main difference to choose Java over C++ is that C++ is a platform-dependent language and Java is a platform independent language. First, let me tell you what does this mean. Platform dependent means if you run your code on windows and the same code you are not able to run on other operating systems like Linux. Java uses a compiler plus interpreter to achieve this. C++ uses a compilation step only.
6. C Programming:
C is a subset of C++. C is procedure oriented language. C++ supports object-oriented concepts. C++ is a superset of C programming language.
Go is a programming language created by Google. This is also known as Golang. Many programs are not much aware of this language. GO is very fast. Go is an open source and platform independent language.
Go combines two worlds i.e. static and dynamic. Gon programs are easy to read. It also has a built-in web server.
Rust is a system programming language. This is surprisingly fast language. This language is designed to reduce system crashes. We have so many reasons to use Rust over all the languages including C++. A garbage collector is not required. It has a minimum run time. It has fine-grained control over the allocations.
Perl is used for creating dynamic websites. It is mostly used for System administration. It has less code as compared to C++. Perl stands for practical extraction Reporting language. PERL is mostly used for text processing and automation in IT industries.
Lua is a highly portable, lightweight scripting language. Lua is commonly used for games. Lua is easy to read and simple to understand. It is also good to learn the first language. Lua is a tiny embeddable scripting language that doesn’t suck.
11. D Programming:
D programming is not a good alternative to the C++ programming language. We can just say that D is beter C and we need this for better backward compatibility.
Haskell is a programming language. It has three unusual features which make it very different from other languages. Haskell is purely functional, lazy and has type inference. Haskell is a strongly typing language. Haskell also has less code as compared to C++. Haskell ensures correctness and minimizes the bugs.
13. Apple swift:
Well, we can say objective C, without the baggage of C.This is the programming language known as Swift. Swift is a modern, fast, safe and interactive language. As compared other languages swift is very fast. Swift has features like closures, genericsNamespaces, type inference, etc. It also has powerful string processing possibilities. Swift is used with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks.
Julia is a combination of Python and C programming language. It has fast performance similar to the C programming language. I specially designed for parallelism and cloud computing.
C++ has a lot of alternatives still it’s there with its robust performance. If you are really confused about C++ so get Every underline concept in a programming language has the same scenario but the syntax and features are different.
This has been a guide on C++ Alternatives. Here we have discussed the top 15 C++ Alternatives with their purpose and features. You may also look at the following article to learn more –